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References Aston, Elaine. 2008. “A fair Trade? Staging Female Sex Tourism in Sugar Mummies and Trade ”. Contemporary Theatre Review 18(2):180-192. Bindel, Julie. 2003. “Sex tourism as economic aid”. The Guardian July 12. Bindel, Julie. 2006. “This is not romance”. The Guardian August 9. Bindel, Julie. 2013. “Meet the middle-aged women who are Britain’s female sex tourists”. New Statesman . 26 August. Fanon, Frantz. 1970. Black Skin, White Masks . London: Paladin. Gardner, Lyn. 2006. Interview with Tanika Gupta. The Guardian 25 July. Goddard, Lynette

8 Literatur Akyel, Dominic. 2013. Die Ökonomisierung der Pietät . Frankfurt a. M.: Campus. Arnold, Nadine. 2017. Standardisierungsdynamiken im Fairen Handel . Wiesbaden: VS Springer. Aspers, Patrik. 2015. Märkte . Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien. Becchetti, Leonardo und Benjamin Huybrechts. 2008. The Dynamics of Fair Trade as a Mixed-form Market. Journal of Business Ethics 81(4): 733–750. Çalışkan, Koray und Michel Callon. 2010. Economization, Part 2: A Research Programme for the Study of Markets. Economy and Society 39(1): 1–32. Çalışkan, Koray und Michel

Vol. 23, No. 3/2015 „Management and Business Administration. Central Europe” Vol. 23, No. 3/2015: p. 105–109, ISSN 2084-3356; e-ISSN 2300-858X DOI: 10.7206/mba.ce.2084-3356.153 Review of the book Fair Trade in CSR Strategy of Global Retailers Lechosław Garbarski1 A publishing house with a worldwide reputation, Palgrave Macmillan, published Fair Trade in CSR Strategy of Global Retailers (2015). Edited by Magdalena Stafanska and Renata Nestorowicz, it contains chapters written by members of the faculty at the Poznań University of Economics Ewa Jerzyk, Henryk

52 53GfK Research / Vol. 8, No. 1, 2016 / GfK MIR Yes, but… /// Would you buy a T-shirt if you knew that it had been manufactured under inhumane conditions? Most people would probably say “no”. At the same time, in terms of hard sales numbers, fair trade clothing still leads a niche existence. According to figures from the textile panel of GfK Fashion & Lifestyle, in the first three quarters of 2015, only around one in four consumers in Germany bought at least one article of clothing with an eco-label such as Fair trade, GOTS or Confidence in Textiles

economic dimension) and others like World Trade Organization (WTO) being focused in their current and future challenges to build an effective and useful Multilateral Trading System SEEU Review Volume 2 Issue 2 122 (MTS). Apart from achievements and reforms undertaken, further ones - based on another approach: considering the diversity principle - are proposed in order to reach equitable and fair trading negotiations outcomes in benefits of all members. Keywords: International organizations, System, Diversity, Challenges, Reforms Introduction In June 2014

the product’s composition. For example, green benefits are typically inherent to the product itself and involve features like increased biodegradability or less harmful chemicals. In contrast, benefits such as fair trade or CSR reflect actions of the whole company and are separate from the product. When we compared the same manipulations of intended and unintended CSR benefits, the results were reversed: An intended fair trade agreement increased purchase intent more than when social benefits to the overseas workers were the result of unintended changes

Abstract

Sanitary requirements for international trade in animals and their products are regulated by World Trade Organization (WTO) and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). None of them requires exported animal commodities to be of full sanitary quality, i.e. to be free of pathogens causing mass suffering and premature death of immense numbers of animals and humans. Both organizations using different methods try to avoid requirements of importing countries for pathogen-free animal commodity. They support the exporting countries at the expense of health in the importing ones that are not self-sufficient in animal production and thus contribute to worldwide man-made spreading of pathogens through “legal” trade. They ignore the global irreparable consequences of their common “trade over health” policy. They also deprive the importing countries of freedom to reject goods having no sanitary harmlessness guarantee. They ignore pathogen reproduction/spreading/resistance abilities and the fact that every case is different. Admitting pathogen spread is in stark contrast to the only duty of the OIE. It is therefore recommended: Documents and provisions supporting pathogen spread through “legal” international trade to be immediately abolished; to use and apply normal free market fair trade principles for animal commodities, i.e. full quality requirements based on demands of the importing country to avoid pathogen introduction and on bilateral agreement without any external interference. State animal health services must be significantly strengthened to be able to control international trade on-the-spot and organize infection control/eradication programmes. Modern action-oriented epizootiology methods have to be used. All intergovernmental anti-epizootic agenda should be concentrated in United Nations Organization and dealt with as a priority programme to protect global health and life.

References CRANE, A. & MATTEN, D. (2004): Business ethics: A European perspective. New York: Oxford University Press. DOHERTY, B., DAVIES, I. A. & TRANCHELL, S. (2013): Where now for fair trade? In: Business history, 55(2), pp. 161-189. DOMBOS, T. (2012): Narratives of concern: Beyond the “Official” discourse of ethical consumption in Hungary. In: J. G. Carrier & P. G. Luetchford (eds.): Ethical consumption: Social Value and Economic Practice. New York & Oxford: Berghan Books, pp. 125-141. ETHICAL CONSUMER (2014): A beginner’s guide to ethical consumer

Works Cited Aljamra, Helal. “Coffee: The Lost Treasure of Yemen.” Inside Arabia 22 Oct. 2018. Web. 15 Aug. 2019. Anonymous. Rev. of The Epic of America by James Truslow Adams. World Affairs 95.2 (1932): 131. Web. 20 Aug. 2019. Barnett, Clive, Paul Cloke, Nick Clarke, and Alice Malpass. Globalizing Responsibility: The Political Rationalities of Ethical Consumption . Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Print. Brown, Keith R. Buying into Fair Trade: Culture, Morality, and Consumption . New York: NY UP, 2013. Print. Cainkar, Louise. “For Yemenis Fleeing War, the

://www.nationwide.co.uk/~/media/MainSite/documents/about/house-priceindex/downloads/uk-house-price-since-1952.xls [10 October 2017]. OECD. (2017). Focus on house prices. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/eco/outlook/focusonhouseprices.htm [10 October 2017]. Offer, A. (2013, June). Narrow banking, real estate, and financial stability in the UK, c.1870–2010. University of Oxford Discussion Papers, 116. Office of Fair Trading. (2008). Homebuilding in the UK: A market study. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Redfern, P. (2016, October 31). Evidence to the Communities and Local Government Committee, House of Commons. Westminster: House of Commons. Thomas