Die historisch-kritische Methode der Bibelauslegung
Eine kritische Würdigung
The historical-critical method of biblical exegesis has its roots in Humanism and
in the Enlightenment. Humanism situated the Bible in the series of ancient texts, whilst
the Enlightenment sought the rational elements in the message of the Bible. The method,
developed over a long period of time, proceeds from the assumption that the Bible has a
message, first and foremost, for the respective era. This is why it tries to distil the demands
and consolations of the Bible on
Die orthodoxe Hermeneutik in ihrem
der historisch-kritischen Methode
Different churches have developed over time several concepts of exegesis of the New
Testament. From the very first apostolic years, the Orthodox East embraced the delivered
interpretation of the Fathers, who always respected the revealing and holy spiritual
character of the Scriptures (God-centric interpretation). Prevailing since the Middle-Ages
in Western Christianity, on the other hand, has been an interpretative spirit of
The English Civil War brought an end to government censorship of nonconformist texts. The resulting exegetical and hermeneutical battles waged over baptism among paedobaptists and Baptists continued well into the Restoration period. A survey of the post-Restoration polemical literature reveals the following themes: 1) the polemical ‘slippery slope’ is a major feature of these tracts. Dissenting paedobaptists believed that Baptists would inevitably become Quakers, despising baptism altogether, and that the resulting social instability would allow the tyranny of Roman Catholicism to reemerge in England. Baptists for their part compared the tyranny of paedobaptist argumentation to the tyranny exercised by Roman Catholics. Anti- Quakeriana and Anti-Popery were both central ‘devil terms’ in this polemical warfare; 2) the exegesis of biblical texts underlying infant baptism revealed contrary understandings of how the bible fit together as a whole. Baptists tended to read Old and New Testaments disjunctively, whereas paedobaptists saw continuity absent explicit abrogation; 3) scholastic theology continued to undergird the arguments of all parties. Especially relevant to this discussion was debate over the proper ‘matter’ and ‘form’ of baptism. Here exegetical and hermeneutical disputes were also relevant. This study reveals that patterns of reading Scripture in each community were informed by traditions and practices, and that the search for the objective ‘literal’ sense of the text was bound to be unavailing.
history of exegesis of the
Gospel according to St John.
Keywords: Gospel according to St John, The Raising of Lazarus, Orthodox Church, Orthodox
liturgical hymns, History of exegesis of the Fourth Gospel
Die Erzählung von der Auferweckung des Lazarus Joh 11,1-44 ge-
hört sowohl in narrativer wie auch in theologischer Hinsicht zu den zentra-
len Texten des Vierten Evangeliums und des Neuen Testaments überhaupt.
Die Orthodoxe Kirche hat – in auffallendem Unterschied zu den Kirchen
des Westens – das Zeugnis dieser Erzählung dadurch in eindrucksvoller
La obra de Julio Cortázar conoció un enorme éxito en Francia, y su recepción tan excepcional se debe en gran parte a la calidad de las traducciones al francés de sus obras. La traductora Laure Guille-Bataillon se encargó de la mayoría de las versiones francesas de los libros escritos por Cortázar, de modo que el nombre del autor argentino está prácticamente inseparable en Francia del nombre de su gran traductora. Nuestras observaciones en este artículo se refieren a un tipo de exégesis implícita que realiza Laure Guille-Bataillon a la hora de seleccionar los textos de Cortázar incluidos en sus libros-collage La vuelta al día en ochenta mundos (1967) y Último Round (1969) para realizar la versión francesa de un nuevo libro, Le tour du jour en quatre-vingt mondes (1980).
method, and in this sense may appeal
to the Western experience, especially the historical-critical method. On the other hand,
the Western biblical scholars are concerned with bringing into the present the meaning of
biblical texts or their update, in a direction close to the Orthodox biblical experience. The
solution to these concerns can be rediscovered in the mutual completion with ecumenical
Keywords: Bible studies, exegesis, Church Fathers, historical-critical method, synthesis, ecu-
“Let us not have, then, the Bible without
On the occasion of 100 years of existence and activity of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, one may sum up the contribution of the Faculty of Theology which has existed as part of the university for 20 years. This contribution has concerned the research and teaching arenas combined with a commitment for the social community of the Wielkopolska province. What is specific of the faculty is its ability to work both on the scientific and didactic levels as well as on the church level, which requires considerable knowledge and time in order to competently combine the requirements of working at university with demands of the Catholic Church managed by the Second Vatican Council. The scientific and popular scientific initiatives in the widely understood biblical studies represent a valuable contribution to the celebration of 100 years of the Poznań university. Like other scientific disciplines, they can proudly make their own contribution to the development of science in our city, as well as the entire country. One can only hope that the present generation of scientists will take the baton passed to them in the relay race of generations, and will make their own contribution to the science thereby honouring Poznań as an important scientific centre in Poland.
Almost 25 years ago, the Pontifical Biblical Commission issued the document “The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church”. It dealt with various at that time current hermeneutical and exegetical questions, especially on the scientific level. However, the pastoral ministry side of this matter was not excluded. The pastors — as the document states — should also bring the Scriptures for the faithful in a comprehensible way (Chap. IV, Art. C, No. 3). But how to do it practically? The document does not expand this thread. This article is a small contribution to the topic. In it, the main hermeneutical principles of the Catholic Church for reading the Bible in the language of infants (Mt 11,25) are presented.
Given both the advances in understanding of early modern Reformed theology made in the last thirty years, the massive multiplication of available sources, the significant literature that has appeared in collateral fields, there is a series of highly promising directions for further study. These include archival research into the life, work, and interrelationships of various thinkers, contextual examination of larger numbers of thinkers, study of academic faculties, the interrelationships between theology, philosophy, science, and law, and the interactions positive as well as negative between different confessionalities.