References Alkin, M.C. (1985). A guide for evaluation decision makers. Beverly Hills: CA, Sage. Alkin, M.C. and Coyle, K. (1988). Thoughts on Evaluation Utilization, Misutilization and Non- Utilization. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 14(3): 331-340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0191-491X(88)90027-2 Cabinet Office (2008). Cabinet Manual 2008, Cabinet Office, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Wellington, New Zealand. Caroll, P. (2014). Ex Ante Evaluation in Australia and New Zealand: the case of Regulatory Impact Assessment, http://reggov2014.ibei
References Bos, Dieter. Privatization: A Theoretical Treatment . Oxford University Press, 1991. Clark, David. "The Changing Face of Audit and Evaluation in Government: a Franco-British Comparison." Public Policy and Administration 16 (Winter 2001): 20-33. Ernst & Young. Privatization: Investing in State-Owned Enterprises Around the World . New York: John Willey and Sons, 1994. Evans, Gordon. "Exporting governance: Lithuania adapts a Canadian policy management model." Canadian Public Administration 48 (Spring 2005): 4-34. Finansų Ministerija. ES programų
-measuring method and its validation , Biomechanica Hungarica VI, (1), 29-37. 7. Vařeková R., Vařeka I., Janura M., Svoboda Z., Elfmark M., (2011). Evaluation of Postural Asymmetry and Gross Joint Mobility in Elite Female Volleyball Athletes , Journal of Human Kinetics, vol. 29, 5-13.
Compliance and Guidance Material to Part-FCL, EASA, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.easa.europa.eu . [Accessed Feb. 10, 2017].  Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards for Airplane (FAA-S-8081-12C) [Online]. Available: http://www.faa.gov/training_testing/testing/test_standards/ [Accessed Feb. 22, 2016]  C. Warton, Pilot Training Evaluation Techniques [Online]. Available: http://www.nbaa.org/events/amc/2011/news/presentations/1010-Mon/NBAA2011-Pilot-Marking-System-Bombardier.pdf [Accessed Apr. 22, 2016]  Flight test standards guides, CAA New
-differences-between-formative-and-summativeassessment-infographic Van den Bergh, Veerle, Dimitri Mortelmans, Spooren Pieter, Van Petegem Peter, Gijbels David, Vanthournout Gert. 2006. “New Assessment Modes within Project-Based Education – The Stakeholders” in Studies in Educational Evaluation , 32, pp. 345-368.
Paola Molina & Ana Muntean
1 Evaluation tools: notes on definition, reliability,
validity and administration
In this book evaluation tools on different aspects of play are presented (see
Chapter 3, Bulgarelli, Bianquin, Caprino, Molina & Ray-Kaeser, 2018). A preliminary
consideration about these tools concerns their validity and reliability, aspects that
allow to consider them as tests and their ethical use.
But what are tests indeed? What features do they need to have in order to trust on
them? Why are they useful?
1.1 History of development of test
References Ahmad, Ehtisham, and Vito Tanzi. Managing Fiscal Decentralization . London and New York: Routledge, 2002. Bachtler, John, and Colin Wren. "Evaluation of EU Cohesion-Policy: Research Questions and Policy Challenges." Regional Studies 40 (2006): 143-153. Bienias, Stanislaw, Tomasz Gapski, Jakub Jakalski, et al . "Evaluation in Poland: Brief Overview of Evaluation Process of EU Cohesion Policy Funds": 140-187. In: Stanislaw Bienias and Iwona Lewandowska, eds. Evaluation Systems in the Visegrad Member States . Warsaw: Ministry of Regional Development
Sylvie Ray-Kaeser, Sandra Châtelain, Vardit Kindler & Eleanor
2 The evaluation of play from occupational therapy
and psychology perspectives
Research on play has provided evidence of the great relevance of play to the fields
of early intervention. Play is considered the natural context within which children
develop complex social behaviours and competences (Wilkes, Cordier, Bundy,
Docking & Munro, 2011). Through play experiences, the child develops many skills in
the motor, perceptual, language, cognitive and emotional domains
References Arnason T., Ricard A. (2001). Method for international genetic evaluation of sport horses. 52nd Annual Meeting of the EAAP. Book of Abstracts, Budapest, Hungary, p. 347. Byszewski W. (1997). Attempt to identify male lines recommended to improve traits referring to the type of noble half-bred horse. Folia Univ. Agric. Stetin., Zootechnika, 177 (35): 275-278. Kaproń M., Zięba G., Kaproń B. (2000 a). Ancestry and pedigree structure of horses registered in Studbook of the Noble Half-breed Horses. Folia Univ. Agric. Stentin., Zootechnica, 212 (40): 21
scoliosis. Spine. 2001;26(4): E55-E63. 9. Grossman TW, Mazur JM, Cummings RJ. An evaluation of the Adams forward bend test and the scoliometer in a scoliosis school screening setting. J Pediatr Orthop. 1995;15:535. 10. Minquez MF, Buendia M, Cibrian RM et al. Quantifier variabies of the back surface deformity obtained with a noninvasive structured diagnosis. Eur Spine J. 2007;16(1):73-82. 11. Kotwicki T, Negrini S, Grivas TH et al. Methodology of evaluation of morphology of the spine and trunk in idiopathic scoliosis and other spinal deformities-6th SOSORT consensus paper