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Solar Energy Industry as a Part of the Romanian Renewable Energy Industry: A Multi-level Territorial Approach

Abstract

The green economy emerges differently depending on each region particular features, as well as local economic strengths and weaknesses; solar energy however, represents the way regional and local natural potentials are valorized. The current paper brings to our attention aspects related to the economic and legislative factors influencing the use and territorial distribution of solar energy, as a component of the Romanian renewable energy industry at all territorial levels: the national characteristics of the use of renewable energy resources are highlighted through the analysis of dynamics of official statistical variables (National Institute of Statistics); at regional and county levels, the analysis highlights the territorial differences in the use of solar energy; analysis at local level reveals the environmental and socio-economic effects of the of solar energy use (i.e. photovoltaic parks), as indicated by the information provided by a questionnaire survey carry out in Giurgiu County (case study).

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Selected Issues in Innovation in the Energy Industry. The Case of Poland

Abstract

Innovation determines the competitiveness of companies and countries. Innovative products and processes have revolutionized the world economy, and are particularly important in the energy industry. Demand for energy innovation originates from resource scarcity, a surge in energy consumption and stringent environmental regulations. The objective of this paper is to examine the application of selected energy-related innovations in Poland. The analysis is based on the database of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Our analysis covers the period 2009–2014, as extended by limited data availability. From it, we conclude that Poland performed well in selected energy-related innovations. This study extends knowledge concerning the link between energy efficiency/renewables and innovation.

Open access
Environmental Key Performance Indicators of CSR activities in the energy industry

of Bengal Region (pp. 168-182). ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. Porter, M. and Kramer, M.R. (2011). Creating Shared Value. How to reinvent capitalism – and unleash a wave of innovation and growth. Harvard Business Review , January – February. Zhao, W. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility in the Energy Industry: A Content Analysis of Leading Energy Companies’ Websites, Florida State University Libraries, available online at http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/islandora/object/fsu:253157/datastream/PDF/view .

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Elimination of constraints in the production process of power equipment components and the analysis of the resulting benefits

Abstract

The article presents the results regarding the elimination of constraints in the production process of a power equipment subassembly, a boiler chamber, together with an analysis of the benefits resulting from this, both financial and non-financial. The significance of bottlenecks in the production process, ways of its identification and limitations - in general - are presented. The article is a case-study of an attempt to eliminate the bottleneck in the production process of the boiler chamber, which turned out to be the process of drilling and marking-off, and work stations representing these processes. In order to eliminate the limitation, it was decided to replace the existing tracing and drilling work with a numerically controlled device - a boring machine moved from the liquidated department.. As a result, labor-intensive, manual chambers marking-off and the process of drilling holes with a smaller diameter drill have been eliminated. A number of benefits has been demonstrated resulting from the elimination of the bottleneck in the process, first of all, it was possible to reduce the duration of the marking-off and drilling operations and reduce the costs of the boiler chamber production process.

Open access
Implementation of Energy Efficiency Management System in Multi-Storey Residential Houses in Littoral Regions of Latvia

Abstract

Based on EU guidelines and national development plans, energy efficient process management has been slowly implemented in Latvian regions in the context of the Directive 2012/27/EU putting forward two binding indicative national energy efficiency goals for Latvia: (1) to achieve 1.5 % of energy savings delivered to final consumers every year, and (2) to renovate 3 % of the state-owned buildings annually. The aim of the paper is to reflect the management system of energy efficient processes in public and residential buildings in Latvian littoral regions of the Baltic Sea, which can be an important factor for achieving the goals of the Directive. The paper presents the results of the research on energy efficient processes in public and residential buildings in Latvian littoral regions of the Baltic Sea in order to determine the existing challenges. Methods applied in the research are data collection, grouping, analysis and comparison, studies of regulatory documents, as well as statistical data collection and analysis. Contribution of the research is the improvement of energy efficient solutions in public and residential buildings in littoral regions of the Baltic Sea by using the estimated energy efficient processes. The results of the research are of international importance and can be applied not only in public and residential buildings in littoral regions of the Baltic Sea but also in other regions with similar climate or energy efficient process management problems in order to improve the selection of criteria of energy efficient solutions and renovation.

Open access
Environmental Costs Management of the Project: The Experience of Russia and Mongolia

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the assessment problems of the ecological costs management of the production in the project activity. The authors study the conditions of preparation and implementation of investment projects to eliminate accumulated environmental damage in the context of “green” economy. The technogenic deposits’ use approaches are considered for the purpose of the production costs optimization. The paper explains the necessity of building the fund liquidation (a fund for future generations) in the depletion of resource base of the enterprise. The proposed mechanism for the management of environmental costs in project activities can be used at the enterprises of Russia and Mongolia. For example, the Mongolian-Russian mining company “Erdenet” in Mongolia shows the direction to reduce costs and production costs through the implementation of measures for resource and energy efficiency, involving economic circulation of off-balance ores and tailings.

Open access
Energy Conservation Programmes in Russia

Abstract

This article is devoted to the problem of state management in the sphere of energy-conservation in the building sector. This problem is vital to ensure the energy and environmental security of each country. That is why the concept of the article seems to be very scientifically important. The article presents the results of scientific analysis of the creation incentives for the development of energy-efficient building. The existent management approaches and a role of program-target method of management in Russia have been analysed. Some new measures of energy-saving innovation implementation are presented. The disadvantages of current energy-saving programme have been revealed, and the concept of its improvement has been suggested.

Open access
Land Use Analysis in Latvia in The Context of Sustainable Development

Abstract

The research focus is the examination of key aspects of the land use for the detection of urgent problems in the context of sustainable development. The comparison, data analysis and logical access methods have been used in the study, and the recommendations on the improvement of the situation in the longer term have been developed. Land use management, legal side of regulation and the efficiency of land use are essential guidelines for the sustainable development of the territory in the country.

Open access