Nina Vuković, Vedran Šegota, Antun Alegro and Zorana Sedlar
Corrigiola litoralis is the only member of the genus in the Croatian flora. Most available data are more than 50 years old, and include only four localities in Croatia, exclusively in the islands of the Mediterranean region. During a floristic survey of the island of Molat (Northern Dalmatia) we recorded a small population in Zapuntelsko polje, in a damp, shallow depression, seasonally occurring as a temporary pond. Comparison with the existing literature shows that C. litoralis often occurs in Mediterranean temporary ponds and similar globally important and threatened habitats. We strongly believe that careful studies of populations of C. litoralis and other species with similar ecologies are necessary in order to preserve these habitats and therefore propose actions to achieve this goal.
Symptoms of anthropogenic changes in the vascular plant flora include the spread of some species groups and the extinction of others. Also habitat condition changes (eutrophication, pollution etc.) and biodiversity loss (at a regional, national and even continental scale) should be mentioned. Numerous papers with rare plant species localities and endangered habitats have been published but the extinction processes and scale of this phenomenon in urban areas where environmental conservation is crucial, are not often analysed. The aim of the present study is to estimate species loss in the vascular plant flora of the town Strzelce Opolskie (Chełm, Silesian Upland) on the basis of the floristic literature and botanical surveys carried out from 2011 to 2013. A comparison has been made between the list of species reported up to 1945 and those species currently occurring in the study area. As a result, a list of 99 species included in the red list of plants of Opole and Silesian voivodeships is presented. Among this group, 45 species are not confirmed after 1945. Numerous extinct and endangered species are from families: Orchidaceae (8 species), Cyperaceae (7 species), Ranunculaceae (7 species) and Lamiaceae (6 species). Strongly represented are species associated with the communities of Festuco-Brometea and Querco- Fagetea classes. From the species presented, 18 species are included in "Red List of Vascular Plants of Poland" (MIREK ET AL. 2006). It was found that the extinct species represent about 7% of Strzelce Opolskie vascular plant flora. It is a focus point for local authorities to protect botanically valuable areas. Actually, the only Miejski Park is under the conservator's protection and there are few individual trees protected due to their age or size.
A review of the fauna of four acalyptrate families (Diptera) in the Gemer area (Slovakia) is presented. Based on previously published records and material examined 1 species of Pseudopomyzidae, 10 species of Micropezidae, 1 species of Megamerinidae and 18 species of Psilidae are listed, each with comments about general distribution, biology, faunistic and/or nature conservation importance. Pseudopomyza atrimana (Meigen, 1830) (Pseudopomyzidae), Cnodacophorastylifera (Loew, 1870), Neria longiceps (Loew, 1870), Rainieria calceata (Fallén, 1820) (Micropezidae), Megamerina dolium (Fabricius, 1805) (Megamerinidae) and Chamaepsila strigata (Collin, 1959) (Psilidae) are the most significant species in the area belonging to rare taxa distinctly jeopardized due to association with (in Central Europe) endangered habitats. Chamaepsila strigata, a new species for the fauna of Slovakia, is recorded for the first time since its description from Montenegro. The first record from Austria and second record from Slovakia of Cnodacophorastylifera are given. New data about habitat association of these rare species are presented.
In the first supplement to the fauna of the Diptera Acalyptrata of the Gemer area (Slovakia) new records from the Muránska planina National Park are presented. Based on the material examined, records of Micropezidae (3 species), Psilidae (4), Clusiidae (9), Acartophthalmidae (2), Anthomyzidae (4), Aulacigastridae (2, a family recorded for the first time from Gemer area), Periscelididae (2) and Asteiidae (2) are given, with comments for each species about general distribution, biology, faunistic and/or nature conservation importance. Four species are new additions to the fauna of Slovakia, viz. Chamaepsila andreji (Shatalkin, 1996), Ch. confusa Shatalkin & Merz, 2010 (both Psilidae), Clusiodes gentilis (Collin, 1912) (Clusiidae) and Periscelis winnertzii Egger, 1862 (Periscelididae), and six other species are recorded from the Gemer or Muránska planina NP for the first time. Apart from the faunal novelties, Rainieria calceata (Fallén, 1820) (Micropezidae), Clusiodes caledonicus (Collin, 1912), C. verticalis (Collin, 1912) (Clusiidae), Aulacigaster pappi Kassebeer, 2001 (Aulacigastridae) and Periscelis annulata (Fallén, 1813) (Periscelididae) are the most significant species in the area, belonging to rare taxa distinctly jeopardized due to association with (in Central Europe) endangered habitats. A new host plant of Stiphrosoma sabulosum (Haliday, 1837) (Anthomyzidae) is recorded, viz. Agrostis gigantea Roth. (Poaceae).
B uszko J., N owacki J. 2000. The Lepidoptera of Poland. A Distributional Checklist. Polish Entomological Monographs, 1. Polskie Towarzystwo Entomologiczne, Poznań.
The Lepidoptera of Poland. A Distributional Checklist. Polish Entomological Monographs, 1
Polskie Towarzystwo Entomologiczne
K adej M., M alicki M., M alkiewicz A., S molis A., S uchan T., T arnawski D. 2014. Permanent protection of endangeredhabitats and butterflies in the Nature 2000 network in southwestern Poland
P., R aths U., S chröder E. & S symank A. 2009. German Red Data Book on endangeredhabitats. 18 pp. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN), Bonn-Bad Godesberg.
S chlichting E., B lume H.-P. & S tahr K. 1995. Bodenkundliches Praktikum. Eine Einführung in pedologisches Arbeiten für Ökologen, insbesondere Land- und Forstwirte, und für Geowissenschaftler. 2 nd ed. 295 pp. Blackwell, Berlin & Wien.
S chmidt C. 2006. Das Kulturlandschaftsprojekt Ostthüringen. Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL 228: 150-181.
T ischew S. & K irmer A
Lina Straigytė, Gunta Čekstere, Māris Laiviņš and Vitas Marozas
Agriculture, Washington DC, pp. 755-761.
Kleinbauer, I., Dullinger, S., Peterseil, J., Essl, F. (2010). Climate change might drive the invasive tree Robinia pseudacacia into nature reserves and endangeredhabitats. Biol. Conserv., 143, 382-390.
Kowarik, I. (1992). Einführung und Ausbreitung nichteinheimischer Gehölzarten in Berlin und Brandenburg. Verhandlungen des Botanischen Vereins von Berlin und Brandenburg, Suppl. 3, Berlin. 188 S.
Kowarik, I. (1996). Funktionen klonalen Wachstums von Baumen bei der Brachfl Achen
Finland: improving water quality and creating endangeredhabitats. - International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 11 (1): 46-60.
Worton B. J. (1989): Kernel methods for estimating the utilization distribution in home range studies. - Ecology 70 (1): 164-168.
Dariusz Wojdan, Ilona Żeber-Dzikowska, Barbara Gworek, Katarzyna Mickiewicz and Jarosław Chmielewski
aim of establishing the Natura 2000 Network (N2000) is the preservation of endangeredhabitats and species of plants and animals on a European scale, as well as the protection of typical, still existing natural habitats, characteristic of nine biogeographical regions within the EU countries. There are two of these regions in Poland – continental (96% of the surface area) and alpine (4% surface area). The basis for creating the N2000 is the directive of the EEC council 79/409/EEC from 1979 on the conservation of wild birds and the directive of the EEC council 92