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Local Elections as a Sphere for Forming Citizens’ Political Identity

, Tomasz (2012): Przestrzeń jako składnik tożsamości w świecie globalizacji (Space as an ingredient of identity in the world of globalization). Kultura-Historia-Globalizacji 11: 13-27. CBOS 124 (2014): Wybory samorządowe (Local Elections). Centrum Badania opinii Społecznej, komunikat z badań, Warszawa. CBOS 59 (2017): Zaufanie do polityków w maju (Trust in Politicians since May). Centrum Badania opinii Społecznej, Komunikat z badań, Warszawa CBOS 66 (2017): Ogólny stosunek do partii politycznych (General Attitude to

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Transatlantic Perspectives on the U.S. 2004 Election
The Case of Norway

References Allern, S. (2007) From Party Press to Independent Observers? An Analysis of Election Campaign Coverage Prior to the General Elections of 1981 and 2005 in Two Norwegian Newspapers, Nordicom Review, 28: 63-79. Almond, G. (1980) The Intellectual History of the Civic Culture Concept, in G. Almond, & S. Verba (eds.) The Civic Culture Revisited: An Analytic Study (pp. 1-36) Boston, MA: Little, Brown. Alterman, E. (2003, February 10) USA Oui! Bush Non! : How Europeans See America. The Nation, 8 : 11-18. Andersen, R. (2004

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Congruent Representation: Election Cycle in Poland 2009-2011

’s Press, pp. 427-428. Laver. M. & Hunt, B. W. (1992). Policy and Party Competition . New York-London: Routledge. Laver, M. & Schofield, N. (1990). Multiparty Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Noel, A. & Therien, J-P. (2008). Left and Right in Global Politics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Powell, B. G. (2006). Wybory jako narzędzie demokracji. Koncepcje większościowe i proporcjonalne . Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sejmowe. Powell, B. G. & Vanberg, G. S. (2000). ‘Election Laws

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The spatial pattern of voter choice homogeneity in the Nigerian presidential elections of the fourth republic

1 Introduction The return of democratic rule in 1999 after many years of military intervention has meant that electoral processes and outcomes have been essential subjects of scholarly inquiry. Research on Nigerian elections have often focused on the electoral process ( Omotola, 2007 ; Omodia, 2009 ; Adeoti, Olaniyan, 2014 ), electoral malpractices such as vote buying, violence and rigging ( Bratton, 2008 ; Collier, Vicente, 2014 ; Onopajo et al., 2015; Nwankwo, 2018 ), the history of electoral politics in Nigeria ( Agbaje Adejumobi, 2006 ), electoral

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The Irish legislative gender quota: The first election

Political Studies, 44 (12), 1,599-621. Brennan, M., & Elkink, J. A. (2015, October 16-18). Progress or tokenism? Female candidate selection by parties in local elections under an informal quota regime. Paper prepared for the Political Science Association of Ireland Annual Conference, Cork. Buckley, F. (2013). Women and politics in Ireland: The road to sex quotas. Irish Political Studies, 28 (3), 341-59. Buckley, F., Galligan, Y., & McGing, C. (2016). Women and the election: Assessing the impact of gender quotas. In M

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Understanding campaign “axiotechniques”: Their nature and practical usage in Ukrainian elections

:// (28 May 2017). Byrne, Sean (1997): Growing up in a divided society: the influence of conflict on Belfast school-children . Associated University Presses, London. Central Election Committee of Ukraine (2006): Vybory do Verhovnojy Rady 2006. Rezul’taty golosuvannia po regionach Ukrajiny (lidery); available at (21 May 2017). Central Election Committee of Ukraine (2007): Pozachergovi vybory do Verhovnoji Rady 2007. Rezultaty golosuvannia po regionach Ukrajiny (lidery); available at

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Strategic voting in the 2011 and 2015 Polish Senate elections: Testing Duvergerʼs Law in the second-order elections

System and Strategic Voting: The ‘M + 1’ Rule and Beyond’. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 2(2), pp. 237-239. Downs, A., 1957. An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper & Row. Dunleavy, P. and Diwakar, R., 2011. Analysing multiparty competition in plurality rule elections. Party Politics, 19(6), pp. 855-886. Duverger, M., 1954, Political Parties. Their Organisation and Activity in the Modern State. London: Methuen. Gaines, B. J., 1999. Duverger’s Law and the Meaning of Canadian

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Czech Protest Movements in the 2014 European Parliament Elections

References ANO 2011 (2013): Volby 2013—Resortní program (2013 Elections—departmental program). (23 September 2015). ANO 2011 (2014): Náš program pro volby do Evropského parlamentu (Our program for the European Parliament elections). (23 September 2015). Český statistický úřad—Výsledky voleb a referend (Czech Statistical Office—Results of elections and referendums). (23 September 2015). Just

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Challenges of the Illiberal Democracy in Hungary. Some Aspects to the 2018 Elections

és csalódás, Közgadasági Szemle , 52/12 Lengyel László (2016): Halott ország , Helikon Lengyel László et al (2008): Merre tovább Magyarország? Reformkérdések, kérdéses reformok, Új Palatinus Levitsky and Way (2002): Elections Without Democracy, the Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism, Journal of Democracy . 2002;13 (2) Linz (2000): Linz, J.J.: Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes , Lynne Riennes Publishers, Mazepus, Honorata, Veenendaal Wouter, McCarthy-Jones, Anthea & Trak Vásquez, Juan Manuel (2016) A comparative study of

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The Character of the Polish Local and Regional Elections – Polytonality


Contemporary Polish local and regional elections serve the purpose of electing the government on the level of a municipality, county, and the voivodeship, and therefore represent a particular type of elections which could be referred to as polytonal. A unique quality of polytonal elections is the fact that the separate elections for each of the levels of local/regional government that take place on a single day are quite distinctive in terms of the behaviour of voters, politicians, political parties, and other organisations participating in the elections. As a consequence, we can indeed observe differences in the results of the elections on the level of municipality, county, and voivodeship.

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