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References 1. Barham, B., Takasaki, Y., Coomes, O. (2000). Are endowments Fate? An Econometric Analysis of Multiple Asset Accumulation in a Biodiverse Environment . Conference Tokyo, Japan, December. http://www.gdnet.org/pdf/890_Yoshito.pdf . 2. Behrman, J., Foster, A., Rosenzweig, M. (1995). Dynamic savings decisions in agricultural environments with incomplete markets. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics , Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 282-92. DOI: 10.1080/07350015.1997.10524706. 3. Bonfiglio, A., Arzeni, A., Bodini, A. (2017). Assessing eco-efficiency of

Abstract

Computer Applications in Eco-efficiency Assessment in Logistics The goal of this study is to present computer applications in eco-efficiency assessment in Logistics based on Umberto for Ecoefficiency software. The study defines the major components of eco-efficiency analysis like: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Material Flow Analysis (MFA). According to ISO 14045:2012 eco-efficiency assessment is a quantitative management tool which enables the study of life-cycle environmental impacts of a product system along with its product system value for a stakeholder. Within eco-efficiency assessment, environmental impacts are evaluated using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The eco-efficiency methodology is proposed with using Umberto for Eco-efficiency software. Therefore, this article presents the results of Life Cycle Assessment according to methods used in Umberto software on the case study of valuation of the different logistic possibilities. The results of this study can be used as the first step in performing a full cradle-to-grave eco-efficiency that includes all phases of the logistics system.

-čienė, J., 2012. Application of cleaner technologies in milk processing industry to improve the environmental efficiency. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 14 (6): 1037-1045. [16] Environmental Strategies (online), 2013. Available: http://www.unido.org/en/what-we-do/envir onment [17] Ferreira, A., Moulang, C., Hendro, B., 2010. Environmental management accounting and innovation: an exploratory analysis. Accounting, Auditing &Accountability Journal, 23 (7): 920- 948. [18] Foelkel, C., 2008. Eco-efficiency and cleaner production for the eucalyptus pulp and

Abstract

Eco-efficiency is based on environmental, social and economic principles, focusing not only on the use of fewer natural resources (raw materials) and energy but also on the cost-effective use of new technologies (eco-innovation) for the same volume of production and generation of low waste (efficient production). Agro-ecosystems globally, once with the development of the pesticide industry (plant protection products) and under the influence of aggressive marketing, have been based on the large-scale application of big amounts (perhaps too high) of pesticides. Many of the pesticides used in agriculture have a high persistence and degrade very slowly, which leads to the soil, water and even air pollution, with negative effects on plants, animals and, implicitly, humans. If these are used in short term and at low concentrations, pesticides can have beneficial effects (crop protection and their conservation and prevention of vector-borne disease) but in large quantities and applied over a long period of time can be toxic to humans and with a negative impact on the environment and ecosystems (degrading essential ecosystem services).

://www.elsevier.com/locate/jclepro [17] Fore S., Mbohwa G.T. (2010) - Cleaner production for environmental conscious manufacturing in the foundry industry. Journal of Engineering Design Technology (online), 8(3):314-333. (Accessed 21 June 2013). http://dutlib.dut.ac.za:2057/docview/1012253156 [18] Godschalk S. (2008) - Does Corporate Environmental Accounting Make Business Sense. Eco-efficiency in Industry and Science. 24: 249-265. [19] Henriques I., Sadorsky P. (2007) - Environmental Technical and Administrative Innovations in the Canadian Manufacturing Industry . Business strategy and the

manufacturing in the foundry industry. Journal of Engineering Design Technology 8(3):314-333 [online] Available at: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/17260531011086180 [Accessed 6 Aprile 2016]. 10.1108/17260531011086180[Accessed6Aprile2016] [8] Godschalk, S., 2008. Does Corporate Environmental Accounting Make Business Sense. Eco-efficiency in Industry and Science. 24:249-265. [online] Available at: http://www.academia.edu/10384051/does_coporate_environmental_accounting_make_business_sense [Accessed 9 November 2015]. [9] Jasch, C., 2009. Environmental and

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to compare the environmental impact caused by two different types of water boiling processes. The aim was achieved thanks to product life cycle assessment (LCA) conducted for stovetop and electric kettles. A literature review was carried out. A research model was worked out on the basis of data available in literature as well as additional experiments. In order to have a better opportunity to compare LCA results with reviewed literature, eco-indicator 99 assessment method was chosen. The functional unit included production, usage and waste disposal of each product (according to from cradle to grave approach) where the main function is boiling 3360 l of water during 4-year period of time. A very detailed life cycle inventory was carried out. The mass of components was determined with accuracy of three decimal places (0.001 g). The majority of environmental impact is caused by electricity or natural gas consumption during usage stage: 92% in case of the electric and kettle and 99% in case of stovetop one. Assembly stage contributed in 7% and 0.8% respectively. Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses took into consideration various waste scenario patterns as well as demand for transport. Environmental impact turned out to be strongly sensitive to a chosen pattern of energy delivery (electricity mix) which determined final comparison results. Basing on LCA results, some improvements of products were suggested. The boiling time optimization was pointed out for electric kettle's efficiency improvement. Obtained results can be used by manufacturers in order to improve their eco-effectiveness. Moreover, conclusions following the research part can influence the future choices of home appliances users.

Abstract

Grinding operations are one of the most commonly used preparation processes in many branches, for example in food, energy and chemical sectors. This paper focuses on the issues connected with design of technical objects in accordance with sustainable development assumptions. The aim of this study is to create methodology of sustainable design of grinding machine, including external influences involved in their operation, to increase safety, energy, economic and eco- efficiency. The problem formulated as a question: what techniques, equipment, methods, and ways should be used in design to obtain a new, better grinder structure? To resolve the problem, original methodology of sustainable design has been created.

Abstract

Sustainable development-related issues have been discussed in the public discourse worldwide since the 1960’s. The socioeconomic development theme is one of the key themes in sustainable development singled out by the European Union with a special attention paid to three crucial areas, namely: economic development, competitiveness, innovation and eco-efficiency as well as employment. Therefore, the aim of this article is to assess the implementation level of the sustainable development concept in the area of socioeconomic development in Poland compared to other Member States. In order to achieve the articles aim the following two research tasks were performed: sustainable development in terms of socioeconomic development in the EU strategic documents has been described and the sustainable development concept in the area of socioeconomic concept in Poland compared to other Member States has been analysed. The analysis showed that the gap between Poland and the ‘old’ EU has been narrowed since 2004; however, the progress in implementing the sustainable development concept into socioeconomic development was still slow comparing to both the EU-10 and EU-15. This article is based on the available reference, government documents and the analysis was conducted on the basis of secondary data provided by Eurostat.

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doi: 10.1515/rtuect-2016-0008 3 FOREWORD This issue of the journal acknowledges the wide scope of topics existing in the research field related to the environment and climate technologies, the research and development specifics and analysis of methodologies. Authors of the journal represent various countries and continents. The topic scope reflected includes urban environment impact analysis on climate change, analysis of eco- efficiency elements in Southern Europe, research on the living environment behaviour in Northern Europe of reconstructed and