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investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders , “Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders” 2001, 31(2), pp. 131–144. Rynkiewicz A., Kulik M., Wystandaryzowane, interaktywne narzędzia do diagnozy zaburzeń ze spektrum autyzmu, a nowe kryteria diagnostyczne DSM-5 , „Psychiatria” 2013, 10, no. 2, pp. 41–48. Senator D., Przejawy autyzmu w pierwszym roku życia , „Pediatria Polska” 2006, no. 2, pp. 126–133. Sigman M., Dijamco A., Gratier M., Rozga A., Early detection of core deficits in autism , “Mental Retardation and Developmental


I Chair and Department of Gynecological Oncology and Gynecology is a specialist research center providing help in diagnostics and treatment of gynecological malignancies. The research work is focused on the processes of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Development of blood and lymphatic vessels is subject to research in a wide range of malignancies, including ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer and uterine sarcomas. Angiogenesis in malignancies of the female genital tract is investigated by using some modern 3D sonography that uses high-definition blood flow imaging. Ovarian Tumors and Early Ovarian Cancer Detection unit was established in 2002 and since that time more than 3500 patients with difficult to diagnose tumors have been consulted and treated in the Department. Ovarian cancer immunology studies are the second leading research fiekld in the 1st Chair Department of Gynecological Oncology and Gynecology. The Department is well equipped with diagnostic devices as well as a scientific laboratory. This allows for studies in the fields of imaging of masses, their immunology, biochemistry and molecular biology. Understanding immunological response in patients with ovarian cancer is the key to develop new, effective therapies, including immunological vaccines. In this area we are cooperating with prominent international research centers: Department of Surgery, University of Michigan and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Arkansas. Results of our research are published in both Polish and international journals specializing in fields of gynecology, oncology, immunology and basic science.

Plants and their Native Look-alikes. – Dover. S hen J., S hen M., W ang X., L u Y., 2005: Effect of environmental factors on shoot emergence and vegetative growth of alligatorweed ( Alternanthera philoxeroides ). – Weed Sciences, 53(4): 471–478. S impson A., J arnevich C., M adsen J., W estbrooks R., F ournier C., M ehrhoff L., B rowne M., G raham J., S ellers E., 2009: Invasive species information networks: collaboration at multiple scales for prevention, early detection, and rapid response to invasive alien species. – Biodiversity, 10(2–3): 5–13. T hum

: screening and self examination for breast cancer - Cancer research campaign Primary Care Education Research group, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Oxford, Austoker, J (1994) Krasniqi A, Gashi-Luci L, Mustafa A, Qehaja N, Sopa R, Nushi-Latifi B, Shaqiri R, Kamberaj Xh, Manxhuka-Kërliu S, Brovina A, Fazliu I. "Cancer Incidence in Kosova 1999-2004". Prishtinë; 2007. Krombein IW, De Villiers PJT - Breast cancer - early detection and screening in South African women from the Bonteheuwel township in the Western Cape: Knowledge, attitudes and

to the indirect costs for premature death and missed work ( 1 ). Although a precise number is unavailable, the estimated global annual expenditure associated with cancer is in the hundreds of billion dollars ( 1 ). Early detection of cancer, before any symptoms emerge, is essential to get more effective treatments and better outcome, while saving costs for the national health systems ( 1 ). In this respect, biomarkers are incredibly valuable: non-invasive, safe, specific, reliable and cheap, they represent an ideal tool to screen, monitor, or diagnose diseases

malignant disorders of the oral and oropharyngeal mucosa; terminology, classification and present concepts of management. Oral Oncol, 2009;45:317-323. 5. Hadzic S, Gojkov-Vukelic M, Pasic E, Dervisevic A. The significance of early detection of potentially malignant lesions in the prevention of oral cancer. Mater Sociomed, 2017;29(2):129-133. 6. Shidara R, Sreeshyla HS, Sudheendra US, Chemiluminescence: A diagnostic adjunct in oral precancer and cancer: A review. J Cancer Res Ther, 2014;10:487-491. 7. Burzynski NJ, Rankin KV, Silverman S Jr, Scheetz JP, Jones DL

countries.[ 3 , 4 , 25 ] In contrast, among the developing countries, LC is stable or has risen, and the diagnosis is mainly performed in the advanced stages of disease when clinical complications are present.[ 9 , 10 ] Notably, in this study, the early detection of liver fibrosis (F1-F3) using TE was possible in one-third of the total cases. Likewise, the diagnosis of LC, both clinically and by TE, was confirmed in one third of the cases and the etiologies were ALD, followed by HCV and NASH. To date, ALD has been a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Mexico. In

: collaboration at multiple scales for prevention, early detection, and rapid response to invasive alien species. - Biodiversity, 10(2-3): 5-13. Tokarska-Guzik B., Dajdok Z., Zając M., Zając M., Urbisz A., Danielewicz W., Hołdyński C., 2012: Rośliny obcego pochodzenia w Polsce ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem gatunków inwazyjnych. - Warszawa. Tutin T.G., 1968: Zygophyllaceae. - In: Tutin T.G., Heywood V.H., Burges N.A., Moore D.M., Valentine D.H., Walters S.M., Webb D.A. (eds), Flora Europaea, 2: 204-205. - Cambridge. Tutin T.G., 1980: Melica L. - In: Tutin T.G., Heywood V

cancer patients make early breast cancer screening unreliable and unadvisable in the general population. 21 , 22 However, the problem of early detection of breast cancer in women younger than 50 persists and as previously stated, screening of women at higher-than-average risk of breast cancer seems one of the most feasible solutions. Based on data presented, further steps in refining a breast cancer risk calculation tool will have to be done before a tailored screening is implemented, as the inclusion of more breast cancer risk factors like mammographic density


A social problem of interest to many scholars today is that of juvenile delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is a serious behavioural problem, manifested through behaviours that deviate from the moral and legal norms of society. It was noted in Europe in the last decade an increase in the number of juvenile delinquents and a decrease in the age of young people who commit acts of delinquency. This requires prevention and intervention measures to be applied as early as possible. Prevention can be achieved only when an early detection of risk is performed. One screening tool for assessing risk is The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. This tool is intended to clarify, in a first rough assessment (a so-called ‘screening’) of whether a child is about to become an ‘early starter’; a child showing signs of an early onset delinquent behaviour. In the city of Sibiu the questionnaire was applied within schools and information was provided by teachers relating to 308 pupils in grades I-IV. The main perception of the target group of this study was that children who have committed crimes, but are not criminally responsible, are primarily troubled kids, not criminals with established patterns of behaviour. Consequently, the social and educational systems and not the justice system should bear the responsibility for this target group. From this perspective, it is important that social, educational and therapeutic activities focus on the various individual problems of each child and family.