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Organisational Pathologies Under Conditions of Economic Downswing

Abstract

The topic of organisational pathology is surprisingly absent in literature on management, especially when bearing in mind the theoretical and practical import of such questions. The intention of the author is to fill in this gap, at least partially. The paper is based on an analysis of literature and an empirical research conducted by the author. The research applied partially structured interviews as its method. These interviews were conducted with entrepreneurs and managers of various levels. They made possible the drawing of conclusions relating to conditions behind the genesis and growth of selected organisational pathologies in a situation of economic downswing. The article briefly presents the concept and influence of pathology on the functioning of an organisation. The author concentrates on the causes of the phenomenon and presents them from various perspectives. It is during times of economic downswing that an increase in unethical behaviour, including corruption, mobbing as well as others, becomes particularly visible. Also noticeable is concentrating on limiting costs, which can sometimes reach pathological scale. This can lead to a permanent loss of pro-development potential by the organisation. Moreover, numerous pathological phenomena emerge at the tangent point of the organisation and its surroundings. The source of many undesirable phenomena in the organisation and in its relations with its surroundings is a fall in trust, which makes its appearance in crisis situations. More often than not, managers facing a situation in which they have no choice perpetuate organisational pathologies, whilst, at the same time, being aware of the lack of validity of their actions. However, a more frequent source of problems is the differences in perspective in perceiving organisational phenomena by various actors and stakeholders.

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Kinetic and Kinematic Differences in a Golf Swing in One and Both Lower Limb Amputees

References Bechler JR, Jobe FW, Pink M, Perry J, Ruwe PA. Electromyographic analysis of the hip and knee during the golf swing. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine , 1995; 5(3): 162-166 Cheetham PJ, Martin PE, Mottram R, St Laurent B. The importance of stretching the “X-Factor” in the downswing of golf: The “X-Factor Stretch”. Optimising performance in golf , 192-199; 2001 Chu Y, Sell TC, Lephart SM. The relationship between biomechanical variables and driving performance during the golf swing. Journal of Sports Sciences , 2010; 28(11): 1251

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Performance and Kinematic Differences in Putting Between Healthy and Disabled Elite Golfers

Economics 2005 6 1 46 60 Beckman E, Kudláček M, Vanlandewijck Y. Development of a skills observation protocol for sledge ice hockey-pilot study. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis, Gymnica , 2007; 37: 45-50 Beckman E Kudláček M Vanlandewijck Y. Development of a skills observation protocol for sledge ice hockey-pilot study Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis, Gymnica 2007 37 45 50 Cheetham PJ, Martin PE, Mottram R, St Laurent B. The importance of stretching the “X-Factor” in the downswing of golf: The “X-Factor Stretch”. Optimising performance in golf

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The Influence of X-Factor (Trunk Rotation) and Experience on the Quality of the Badminton Forehand Smash

Publications 1963 Cheetham PJ, Martin PE, Mottram R, St Laurent B. The importance of stretching the “X-Factor” in the downswing of golf: The “X-Factor Stretch.” In Optimising Performance in Golf . Brisbane, Australia: Australian Academic Press, 192-199; 2001 Cheetham P.J. Martin P.E. Mottram R St Laurent B. The importance of stretching the “X-Factor” in the downswing of golf: The “X-Factor Stretch.” Optimising Performance in Golf Brisbane, Australia Australian Academic Press 192 199 2001 Chu Y, Sell TC, Lephart SM. The relationship between biomechanical variables and

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A Multidisciplinary Investigation of the Effects of Competitive State Anxiety on Serve Kinematics in Table Tennis

( Marquardt, 2009 ). Altered club kinematics, namely the face angle at impact, was shown to impair putting performance in golfers predisposed with the yips ( Marquardt, 2009 ; Klampfl et al., 2013 ). Marquardt (2009) also found that downswing duration was slower in the putts by participants that were affected (by yips) compared to unaffected individuals; and anxious players demonstrated greater variability in time to impact. This result supports the findings of slower whole-body movement execution under anxiety in Pijpers et al.’ (2005) climbing experiments. Tanaka

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Management adaptation of business association services: long-term stability 1783-2012 and ‘change points’ for Irish chambers of commerce

organisations by Aldrich. Instead, three of the oldest chambers generally grew fastest in the upswing and retained most in the downswing. The exception to this trend was Limerick, the third oldest chamber, which remained remarkably stable through the whole period, responding to growth opportunities only from 2009. It is perhaps the leading example of a slow-responding incumbent. However, from 2009, it began to take strategic action. It feared the effects of the economic stresses on its members. It expanded services to raise user fees (mainly from certificates) and keep

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