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. Available from: < minimal-eruption-activity>. [3 April 2013]. Caribbean Tourism Organization: Tourist Arrivals by Month - 2005, Available from: <>. [22 February 2013]. Castro, RA & Rodríguez, GR 2009, ‘Disasters Tourism: Approximation to the Touristic Exploitation of the Prestige Disaster in the Costa da Morte’, Revista Galaga de Economia, , vol. 18 , no. 2, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela pp. 120. Available from: <http

: Global Blueprints for Change - Summaries of the Recommendations for Theme A "Living with the Potential for Natural and Environmental Disasters", Summaries of the Recommendations for Theme B "Building to Withstand the Disaster Agents of Natural and Environmental Hazards", Summaries of the Recommendations for Theme C "Learning from and Sharing the Knowledge Gained from Natural and Environmental Disasters". ASCE, Washington 2001. PROCHÁZKOVÁ, D. Seismické ohrožení lokality na střední Moravě. In Bezpečnostní dokumentace pro Energoprůzkum , s.r.o. Archiv Energoprůzkum

References Albala-Bertrand, J.M. 1993. Natural disaster situations and growth: A macroeconomic model for sudden disaster impacts. World Development 21(9): 1417–1434. Alimi, R. S. 2014. ARDL Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration: A Re-Examination of Augmented Fisher Hypothesis in an Open Economy. Asian Journal of Economic Modelling. 2(2), 103-114. Bergholt, D. and P. Lujala. 2012. Climate-related natural disasters, economic growth, and armed civil conflict. Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 147-162. Best’s Review. Natural Disasters Predicted To Continue, Even

References 1. Koning SW, Ellerbroek PM, Leenen LP - Indoor fire in a nursing home: evaluation of the medical response to a mass casualty incident based on a standardized protocol, Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2015;41(2):167-78 2. Rimstad R, Sollid SJ - A retrospective observational study of medical incident command and decision-making in the 2011 Oslo bombing, Int J Emerg Med. 2015;4,8:4 3. Lansdowne K, Scully CG, Galeotti L et al. - Recent advances in medical device triage technologies for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear events, Prehosp Disaster Med

. (2004). The discrete-time Geo/Geo/1 queue with negative customers and disasters, Computers & Operations Research 31(9): 1537-1548. Boudali, O. and Economou, A. (2012). Optimal and equilibrium balking strategies in the single server Markovian queue with catastrophes, European Journal of Operational Research 218(3): 708-715. Boudali, O. and Economou, A. (2013). The effect of catastrophes on the strategic customer behavior in queueing systems, Naval Research Logistics 60(7): 571-587. Cohen, J.W. (1982). The Single Server Queue, North-Holland, Amsterdam. Dimou, S. and


SEEDRO (South Eastern Europe Disaster Relief Operations) Concept was approved on 21st October 2009 during SEDM Ministerial Meeting in Sofia and open the way for SEEBRIG to be engaged not only in PSOs (Peace Support Operations) but also in DROs (Disaster Relief Operations). In this paper, I present some considerations about the importance of this concept for SEEBRIG (South Eastern Europe Brigade), the main activities developed related to this concept and what should be the way ahead in the evolution SEEDRO Concept


The aim of the study was to determine the impact an increased wood supply from the Beskid forests after natural disasters on the timber economy of the Węgierska Górka Forest District and its surroundings in the years 2004–2010. The analysis was based on the wood raw material sales recorded in the database of the State Forestry Information System (SILP). Information on the buyers'location and their main use for the raw material were obtained through the Central Statistical Office. Furthermore, wood material buyers were classified according to the Polish Classification of Activities (PCA) based on the year 2007, using only a subjective analysis designed for enterprises and other economic units in the national economy.

Changes in sales of wood material to the selected buyer groups were investigated using statistical analyses of linear trends. A Pearson's correlation analysis verified the relationships between the buyer groups and the supply of timber assortments by the Węgierska Górka Forest District. Other studies have also shown that an increased supply of raw material in the context of natural disasters affects the types of wood buyers and their location. In addition, they have shown an increase in interest towards the purchase of raw materials among buyers engaged in the wholesale trade of wood and other non-wood producers which in turn decrease the share purchased by sawmills.


The aim of the study was to determine the impact of increased timber logging after natural disasters on timber assortments, unit prices, as well as average prices of timber spruce and total timber. The net sales prices of the years 2004-2010, available from the database of the State Forests Information System (SFIS) for the Forest District of Węgierska Górka, were analysed and compared to the prices of selected forest districts within the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Cracow (RDSF). The forest districts were classified based on the volume of logged timber leading to a separation into two groups of two and six forest districts. Moreover, we tested for significance in the linear trends of relevant characteristics and determined confidence intervals. Furthermore, we calculated the rate of growth (decrease) of the unit prices. Our studies show a decrease in price of only some of the timber assortments despite a significantly increased supply. Price declines were observed for the average prices of timber spruce and total timber due to their lowered quality. The price of timber assortments was mainly determined by effects of macroeconomic factors.


The aim of the study was to determine the impact of increased forest management due to natural disasters on particular core unit costs. We analysed the direct costs for the Forest District of Węgierska Górka in the years 2004-2010 based on information from the State Forests lnformation System (SFIS) database compared with selected forest districts within the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Cracow (RDSF). The forest districts were divided into two groups with two and six forest districts and confidence intervals around the mean were determined and the significance of linear regressions of the considered characteristics was tested. Additionally, the growth rate (decrease) of the unit cost was calculated. Our studies showed that natural disasters affect only certain unit costs regardless of the intensity of the forest management. The increase in unit costs resulted in economic losses in forest management. A full long-term analysis of the economic impact of natural disasters should be done, taking into account the cost of reforestation of destroyed areas which may become apparent only some years later.

References [1] Anttila-Hughes, J.K. and Hsiang, S.M. (2011). Destruction, disinvestment, and death: Economic and human losses following environmental disaster. Working paper. URL [2] Banks, E. (2005). Catastrophic Risk: Analysis and Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [3] Cuaresma, J.C., Hlouskova, J. and Obersteiner, M. (2008). Natural disasters as creative destruction? Evidence from developing countries. Economic Inquiry, 46 (2): 214-226. [4] Cummins, J.D. and Mahul, O. (2009