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Sensory and ATP derivative-based indicators for assessing the freshness of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and cod (Gadus morhua)

descriptive analysis (QDA), is used to assess the sensory status of cooked fish and is often combined with the QIM assessment of the raw product by seafood specialists to achieve additional assurance of the quality of the fish ( Sveinsdottir et al., 2002 ). Although QIM schemes have been previously developed for several fish species including pollock, plaice, haddock, turbot, dab, salmon, herring, cod and mackerel ( Bonilla et al., 2007 ; Jónsdóttir, 1992 ; Andrade et al ., 1997 ; Luten, 2000 ), more detailed schemes that use language relevant to the Irish fish

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Assessment of Passenger Satisfaction with Public Bus Transport Services: A Case Study of Lucknow City (India)

Abstract

The main aim of this study is threefold. First, it tries to assess the passenger satisfaction with public bus transport services in the city of Lucknow in India. Second, it tries to examine the service quality attributes that influence the passenger satisfaction. Third, it tries to evaluate the relative importance of service quality attributes to find out the priority for service quality improvements to enhance passenger satisfaction. The study is based on a survey of objective as well as subjective questions conducted between May and July 2014. Five major bus stops of Lucknow were selected for the survey. Total 148 respondents were randomly selected to elicit their overall satisfaction and factors that influence their satisfaction in the use of public bus transport services in Lucknow using a self-rated questionnaire. The collected sample of responses is subjected to principal component analysis, a statistical technique for dimensionality reduction of the dataset, and descriptive analysis. The result of theses analyses shows that passengers are mostly dissatisfied with public bus transport services in Lucknow. Using principal component analysis, five underlying factors were extracted that influenced passenger satisfaction with public bus transport services in the city. Out of these five factors, comfort and safety has the greatest impact on overall satisfaction, followed by the adequacy of capacity of public bus transport services, orderly and clean environment inside buses, elegant design of buses and bus stops, and accessibility to public bus transport services in the city. The study thus provides a direction for public bus transport administration in the city to understand the gaps that exist and try to fill them to improve its services so that passenger satisfaction can be enhanced and consequently more people can be attracted towards public bus transport.

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Sensory Quality and Consumer Liking of Carrot Cultivars of Different Genotype

Sensory Quality and Consumer Liking of Carrot Cultivars of Different Genotype

The aim of this work was to determine sensory quality differentiation in various carrot cultivars of different genotype - with orange, purple and yellow storage roots. Consumer's test for liking carrots was performed in order to find consumer's preference level for carrots types and to determine the relationship between sensory profiles and consumer's attitude to carrots. An approach was also done to find correlations between descriptors of sensory quality and liking level, and to determine which sensory quality descriptors significantly affect overall sensory quality impression. The two-year studies were carried out in Warsaw Agricultural University in 2005-2006. Carrots were grown on the experimental field of the University. Eight cultivars of different storage root colour and shape were chosen: 'Perfekcja', 'Interceptor', 'Vita Longa', 'Nebula', 'Deep Purple', 'Purple Haze', 'Mello Yello', 'White Satin'. The trained panel, consisting of 12 persons, carried out the evaluation, using the quantitative descriptive analysis method (QDA). At the first part of QDA procedure, experts generated a set of 13 descriptors for odour, appearance, texture and flavour/taste of carrot. Consumer test of carrots liking was also performed by 65-person group of volunteers in different age of both sexes. For this evaluation non-structural scale was also used, with anchoring points: 'I do not like it' - 'I like it very much'. Consumer liking for colour, flavour and overall liking was evaluated. Principal component analysis and regression analysis were performed on obtained data. Results show large differentiation of sensory traits of investigated cultivars. The biggest influence on overall quality exerted off-odour intensity, flesh firmness, flavour of raw carrot intensity, bitter taste and off-flavour intensity. Consumer's preference was also differentiated and highest scores for liking got orange coloured cultivars. In respect of flavour liking, 'Perfekcja', 'Interceptor' and 'Nebula' were the most desired cultivars by consumers of both sexes, and 'Mello Yello' was the lowest desired cultivar. There were small differences in preference between females and males. Flavour liking of carrots was strongly and positively correlated with flesh juiciness and crunchiness of roots.

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The Study of Factors Associated with Severity of In-Stent Restenosis in Patients Treated with PCI for Acute Coronary Syndromes

Abstract

Introduction: The management of in stent restenosis represents a topic of great actuality and interest, especially since the interventional treatment with stent implantation became largely accepted as the metod of choice in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Identification of certain risk factors that could predict the development of an in stent restenosis and its severity could be extremely useful for the clinical management of these patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a total of 60 stent restenoses encountered in 57 patients admitted and treated in the Cardiology Clinic of Tirgu Mures. The interval of occurrence of restenosis ranged between 2 months and 37 months postintervention. We monitored the demographic characteristics (age, gender, colesterol, presence of renal insufficiency) and we realized a descriptive qualitative analysis of the angiographic procedural aspects. The in stent restenosis occurred most frequently on left anterior descending artery (63%), followed by the circumflex artery (22.15%) and right coronary artery (14.8%), regardless of the degree of stenosis prior to revascularization. Results: Statistical analysis using Chi square test revealed no statistically significant differences in terms of the correlation between the incidence of restenosis and gender (p=0.14), treatment with ACE inhibitors (p=0.16), implanted stent diameter (p=0.22) or the type of procedure (ram crossing over a secondary branch being considered as a procedure involved in the genesis of severe restenosis) (p=0.2). We used the t-student test for comparative analysis of the correlation between the continuous variables related to initial native lesion diameter and the degree of restenosis, without finding any a statistically significant correlation between them (p=0.226). However, a statistically significant correlation was found between cholesterol levels and the degree of stenosis (p=0.039). Descriptive analysis of restenosis lesions did not find any statistically significant correlation with the type or degree of stenosis in the native vessel, but showed statistically significant differences when evaluating the geometric assumption of restenosis by intraluminal diameter or intraluminal area (p=0.0018), suggesting that assessment of the degree of restenosis should be performed only by planimetric area. Conclusions: We can conclude that in stent restenosis represents a plurifactorial phenomenon, that is not conditioned by the severity of the native lesion or by the administration of ACE inhibitors or Spironolactone, however it depends directly on the control of cholesterol values afther the coronary revascularization.

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The Time-Space Approach in the Analysis of Traffic Safety on Rural Road

Abstract

Analysis of the traffic safety factors in some region (road, section of road, road’s kilometer) is an important task in the field of traffic safety. It is necessary to constantly monitor, analyze, compare traffic safety situation in order to develop and improve measures for increasing the level of traffic safety. The first part of each analysis is finding of positions of traffic accidents and its casualties, in other words it is necessary to find its coordinates in the space-time coordinate system.

This paper shows results of the descriptive statistical analysis of traffic accidents frequency on the rural road for the period 2005-2011. It will be point out advantages and disadvantages of this approach and also it will be suggested a new individual approach for determinate the mean time between consecutive traffic accidents.

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A Descriptive Analysis Of The Self-Similarity Between Terrorism And Cancer

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze the characteristic features of terrorist acts and carcinogenic diseases, thus revealing the common elements of these displays. In the process of analysis, these elements could be conducive to establishing the cause- effect relationships. The paper focuses on the description of terrorism in society and the carcinogenic diseases in the human body in their role as destructive factors in the management of complex systems in society and human body.

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Gender Wage Gap in the Czech Republic: First Descriptive Analysis Based on Survey 2011

Abstract

In this paper, we show the first descriptive evidence of factors explaining gender wage differences from a unique questionnaire survey that was carried out on a representative sample for the Czech Republic. We observe large wage differences related to gender; without any reasons, Czech women earn on average 77.80% of men’s wages. The survey uncovers that there is a number of differences among men and women which may help to explain the wage differences.

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Smart and Connected Health: What Can We Learn from Funded Projects?

providing expert personalized day-today support to large populations for long periods. …The collaborative team of researchers works with weight-loss interventionists at one of nation’s largest health organization’s facility in Hawaii. … 3 General Characteristics: A Descriptive Analysis The awards advanced search page of NSF website (National Science Foundation) has been used to retrieve the data for study. The data was collected in June 2018. And a total of 405 records were collected, among which 265 were SCH projects including active and completed awards

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Effect of Pitch Size on Technical-Tactical Actions of the Goalkeeper in Small-Sided Games

); When the ball was close to the goal and the goalkeeper performed a defensive action (goal area, penalty area or outside the penalty area); When a teammate made a pass to the goalkeeper (goal area, penalty area or outside the penalty area). Figure 3 Zone of shooting Statistical analysis A descriptive analysis was performed based on behaviours of the goalkeepers (frequency and percentage). When the expected frequency distribution was below 5 or the variable included values below 1%, the Fisher’s exact test (Monte Carlo adjustment

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The Impact of Rule Modifications on Elite Basketball Teams’ Performance

distribution of the data, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used (Field, 2009). The analysis showed a normal distribution, which allowed the use of parametric tests. An exploratory descriptive analysis was conducted along with the calculation of the means and standard deviation of technical-tactical performance indicators according to the rule changes. These variables were standardised via z-scores or normal scores, facilitating the subsequent analysis ( Ibáñez et al., 2003 ). An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted in order to identify the differences in the means

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