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References Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J.A., Yared, P., 2005. “Income and Democracy”, NBER Working Paper Series, 11205, Available at: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11205. Azzi, C., Ehrenber, R.G., 1975. “Household Allocation of Time and Church Attendance.” Journal of Political Economy, 83 (1): 27-56. Bader, V., 2003. “Religious Diversity and Democratic Institutional Pluralism”, Political Theory, vol. 31, no. 2 (April 2003): 265-294. Barro, R.J., 1996. ”Democracy and Growth”, Journal of Economic Growth, vol. 1 (March): 1-27. Barro, R.J., McCleary R.M., 2007

References 1. Bourdieu, Pierre. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992. 2. Butler, David, and Austin Ranney. Referendums Around the World: The Growing Use of Direct Democracy. Washington: The American Enterprise Institute Press, 1994. 3. Estonian Human Development Report 2011 . Baltic Way(s) of Human Development: Twenty Years On . Tallinn: Eesti Koostöö Kogu, 2011 // http://kogu.ee/public/eia2011/eia_eng_2011.pdf (accessed November 23, 2012). 4. LeDuc, Lawrence. The Politics of Direct Democracy. Referendums in Global

References Ashiagbor, Sefakor (2008): Political parties and democracy in theoretical and practical perspectives. Selecting candidates for legislative office , Washington, DC: National Democratic Institute. Bågenholm, Andreas – Charron, Nicholas (2014): Do Politics in Europe Benefit from Politicising Corruption? West European Politics 37(5): 903–931. Bardi, Luciano – Bartolini, Stefano – Trechsel, Alexander (2014a): Party adaptation and change and the crisis of democracy. Party Politics 20(2): 151–159. Bardi, Luciano – Bartolini, Stefano – Trechsel, Alexander

Das Parlament , 28, 22, p. 9. Dietrich, K. et al. (Ed.) (1986). Traditionelle Bewegungskultur und moderner Sport. Ansätze für die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Ahrensburg: Czwalina. Digel, H. & Peter, F. (1989). Sport in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Köln: Weltforum. Eichberg, H. (2004). The People of Democracy. Understanding Self-Determination on the Basis of Body and Movement. Århus: Klim. Elbæk, N. et al. 1996 (red.). Krop, idræt & kultur. København: Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke & DGI. Elias, N. (1970). Was ist Soziologie? München: Juventa. Gruppe, O. (Hrsg

References Avineri, Shlomo (1991): Reflections on Eastern Europe. Partisan Review 3: 442–448 Bauman, Zygmunt (2019): Some of the Foremost Challenges to the Status Quo, in: Jerzy J. Wiatr, ed. New Authoritarianism: Challenges to Democracy in the 21 st century, Opladen-Berlin-Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 37–49. Beyme, Klaus von (2018): From Post - Democracy to Neo - Democracy, Cham: Springer International Publishing. Beyme, Klaus von (2019): Populism, Right-Wing Extremism and Neo-Nationalism, in Jerzy J. Wiatr, New Authoritarianism, 9–16. Brown

References Auel, K., and Raunio, T., 2012. Introduction: National Parliaments, Electorates and EU Affairs. In: Auel, K. and Raunio, T., eds. National Parliaments, Electorates and EU Affairs. Vienna: Institute for Advanced Studies, pp. 7-29. Bernauer, J., and Vatter, A., 2012. Can’t get no satisfaction with the Westminster model? Winners, losers and the effects of consensual and direct democratic institutions on satisfaction with democracy. European Journal of Political Research, 51(4): 435-468. Boehmke, F. J., and Bowen, D. C., 2010. Direct Democracy and

Introduction The media market in Europe has experienced dramatic changes during the last decade, including declining subscriptions and advertising revenue. This has resulted in downsizing of newsrooms, centralisation and consolidation, leaving gaps in geographic news coverage ( Radcliffe, 2012 , 2015 ). Earlier research ( Baker, 2007 ; Firmstone & Coleman, 2014 ; Gandour, 2016 ; Habermas, 1989 ; Nord & Strömbäck, 2004 ) pointed to how the lack of media coverage is ultimately a question of democracy, and that media centralisation poses problems for public

References Antoszewski, Andrzej and Ryszard Herbut. 2001. Systemy polityczne współczesnego świata . Gdańsk: Arche. Applebaum, Anne. 2019. “It’s not Xenophobia that Links the ‘New Populists.’ It’s Hypocrisy.” Washington Post 11 February. Available at www.washingtonpost.com (last accessed 20 February 2019). Ben-Ami, Shlomo. 2016. Populism, Past and Present . Prague: Project Syndicate. Bobbio, Norberto. 1987. The Future of Democracy . Translated by R. Bellamy. Cambridge: Polity. Bonikowski, Bart. 2016. “Three Lessons of Contemporary Populism in Europe and the

References ABDI, H. AND WILLIAMS, L. J. (2010). Principal component analysis. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Computational Statistics, 2, 433-459. ACEMOGLU, D., NAIDU, S., RESTREPO, P. & ROBINSON, J.A. (2014). Democracy does cause growth. NBER Working Paper No. 20004. AFAWUBO, K., & MATHEY, S. (2017). The effectiveness of aid on savings and investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Do volatility and institutional quality matter? Applied Economics, 49(51), 5212-5230. AHMED, I., & QAYYUM, A. (2007). Do public expenditure and macroeconomic uncertainty matter to private

References Ambrosio, Thomas. "Insulating Russia from a Colour Revolution: How the Kremlin Resists Regional Democratic Trends." Democratization 14, no. 2 (2007): 232-252. Basora, Adrian A. "Must Democracy Continue to Retreat in Postcommunist Europe and Eurasia?" Orbis 52, issue 1 (2008): 3-24. Boudreau, Vincent. "Security and Democracy: Process and Outcome in a New Policy Context." Democratization 14, no. 2 (April 2007): 313-330. Cameron, David R. "Post-Communist Democracy: The Impact of the European Union." Post-Soviet Affairs 23, no. 3 (2007): 185