important documents is the EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change , which outlines policies strengthening Europe’s resilience to the impacts of climate change ( European Commission [EC] 2013 ). Other important documents are: European Environmental Agency reports: Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe ( EEA 2012 , 2016 ), as well as the document: Europe 2020 Strategy ( EC 2010 ).
The environmental context of the processes of transformation and regeneration of degraded urban areas
Regeneration projects for cities and degradedareas have been carried
Rzeszów is one of the best developing cities in Poland. Once the small HQ of a principality - due to complicated historical conditioning - it has now become a place where an increasing number of people choose to live. The city with its bursting life, streets and squares starts and ends, however, in an area which only a few dozen years ago still catered for one fifth of the current population. The main reason for this phenomenon is the presence of spatial barriers, which significantly limit the development of the central urban area. This article analyzes the elements, which block the development of the north-central part of Rzeszów. An appropriate diagnosis of the problem may in the future allow the right actions in urban planning to be taken in order to cross these barriers. This may lead to the future development of areas with huge urbanization potential. Investments undertaken by city authorities to develop the northern peripheries of Rzeszów may trigger the development of the central district in this direction. This may occur as a result of concrete design interventions. The new part of the central district should have the scale and proportions of urban space that answer to the needs of a dynamically developing capital of the Podkarpacie region.
Ewa Hanus-Fajerska, Iga Karczewska and Krystyna Ciarkowska
The development of the art of garden design has brought about the emergence of naturalistic or ecological gardens. This paper presents a brief historical overview of this period in gardening, and provides examples of contemporary applications. Plants can function as absorbents of metals and therefore there is also the possibility of their practical application in techniques for purifying the environment from metallic contamination. An urgent need to create collections of this unique wild plant material has been stressed. Naturalistic gardens designed in appropriate areas have been proposed as an adequate form of setting up in vivo collections composed of numerous native taxa.
programming subsystem serving to initiate trends in activities and the adoption of a chain of goals. It is the starting point for next stages in the cycle of development management, which are: the implementation, monitoring and evaluation ( Hausner 2008 ).
In the phase of programming the Polish development policy understood in this way, the regeneration of degradedareas occupies an important position ( Topczewska 2007 ). It results from the socio-economic and spatial problems observed since the mid-1990s, such as a) a crisis in traditional industrial areas ( Domański
Jarosław Chmielewski, Piotr Kusztal and Ilona Żeber-Dzikowska
Human activity leads to environmental transformations, frequently on a large scale. There are places where anthropogenic consequences are unprecedented and disadvantageous to the extent that can be perceived in terms of an ecocatastrophe that goes beyond the local range. The article presents three anthropogenically degraded areas that pose danger for ecosystems in various parts of the world.
Gordana Dražić, Mirjana Aranđelović, Jelena Milovanović, Zuzana Jureková and Eleonóra Marišová
In accordance with priorities of sustainable development in Serbia, production and use of biomass is crucial for provision of annually renewable national sources of energy and for environmental quality conservation. Rural development has typically focused on improving agricultural production and promoting market orientation, however, as the examples of other countries in the EU accession process have shown (e.g. Slovakia), such an approach could threaten the survival of rural population. Biomass production is one of the key sectors with significant potential for diversification of rural economy. The results of multiannual research work supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia through national scientific projects and several international initiatives are summarized in this paper. The research activities focus on Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. The production potentials of miscanthus on fertile and degraded soils were investigated since 2009 in experimental plots established on moderate and extremely degraded lands in Serbia, applying various agrotechnical measures in different ecological conditions. The results show that fertile agricultural land as well as moderate degraded areas provide suitable conditions for miscanthus biomass and viable rhizomes production for energy and ecoremediation purposes.
We investigated habitat preference of Common Sandpipers as part of a monitoring program in the Őrség National Park, Hungary. Field observations were conducted during the summers between 2008 and 2012 along a 47-km long section of the River Rába. During the observations we recorded the number and location of birds on the river bank. We divided the studied area into 1 km long sections and measured the proportion of the visually distinguishable habitat types (water, low gravel and sand bank, vegetation and degraded area) from a digitalized map. Furthermore, we recorded the number of the low banks and the number of bends of the river within each section, as well as the sections’ distance from the closest hydroelectric power plants and human settlements. In 2012 we also performed a detailed habitat mapping, recording the proportion of the vegetation types along the river bank and the number of fishing spots, embankment strengthenings and gravel banks. We tested the correlations between these habitat variables and number of birds present in the river sections. Our results show that Common Sandpipers were observed more frequently in locations which have (1) larger number and area of low gravel and sand banks, (2) less dense vegetation, and (3) lower proportion of degraded habitats. These findings can be taken into account in the conservation management of River Rába
, Issue 2, ISSN 1733-4381.
Główny Urząd Statystyczny. (2013). Rolnictwo, Leśnictwo, Łowiectwo
Grygorczuk-Petersons, E.H., Wiater, J. (2014). Sezonowa zmienność wskaźnika nagromadzenia odpadów w wybranym osiedlu Białegostoku. Inżynieria Ekologiczna, Vol. 40, 82-91.
Hryb, W. (2011). Utilization of selected fractions from biodegradable municipal waste for reclamation of degradedareas. Archives of Waste Management and Environmental Protection. Vol. 13, Issue 4, ISSN 1733-4381.
Hryb, W. (2013). Modernization of
Saša Kostić, Jelena Čukanović, Mirjana Ljubojević, Emina Mladenović, Snežana Mrđan and Nina Svilokos
BEGUM M.AJ., SELVARAJU P., VENUDEVAN B.: Saline stress on seed germination, Scientific Research and Essays 8 (30), 1420-1423, 2013.
DOŽIĆ S., ĐUKIĆ M., LUKIĆ S., ĐUNISAJEVIĆ-BOJOVIĆ D.: Reclaimation of the copper mine chatse, International conference degradedareas & ecoremediation. Belgrade, 392-400, 2010.
FUKAREK P.: Red leaf sycamore maple ( Acer pseudoplatanus f. Purpureum Rend.), Narodni šumar 3-4, 1961. (In Serbian, with English summary)
GRADAČKI M., POŠTENJAK K., CRNKOVIĆ S.: Investigation of qualitative properties of
Reclamation of DegradedAreas. Annual Set The Environment Protection, 18(2), 709-721. [In Polish with English summary].
Ministry of the Environment (2002). Regulation of 9 th September 2002 on the standards of soil and land quality (J. of Laws 2002 No. 165, item 1359).
Ministry of the Environment (2009). Regulation of 28 th January 2009 on the conditions to be met for the introduction of wastewater into waters or to land and on substances harmful to the aquatic environment (J. of Laws 2009 No. 27, item 169).
Ministry of the