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Abstract

The paper analyses technical equipment of the selected dairy farms. Data from questionnaires carried out in 96 farms in 2015 constituted a research material. Municipalities Lszewo-Borki in Mazowieckie Voivodeship were covered by the survey. A survey questionnaire, which consisted of two parts, was a research instrument. The first concerned general information on a farm and its owner, and the other consisted of eight questions on technical equipment used for breeding dairy cows. The research allowed to determine that farmers assessed the condition of their machinery park as average (50%) or good (40%). One out of ten farmers claimed that the used machinery park in a farm is in a bad condition. Majority of respondents have allotted from PLN 20 to 50 thousand for investments related to enhancement of a machinery park within the last 5 years. On the other hand, a considerable part of farms allotted up to PLN 20 thousand for development of a machinery park. The investigated group included also farms, which allotted more than PLN 500 thousand for development of a park.

Abstract

Dairy cows production plays a significant role in development of Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Progress in this production branch may depend on the dairy production support which is given after relevant types of actions are undertaken. The objective of the research was to determine changes in the level of welfare of production animals, evaluation of practice in dairy cows breeding in the province of Ropczyce and Sędziszów. Breeding documentation and control protocols of the Coordinated Veterinary Inspection Program were applied pursuant to the resolution (1) of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 28 June 2010 on minimal conditions of maintaining farm animal species. 10 production herds of dairy cows (n-240) and heifers (n=101) which produce ≥ 10200 kilo of milk per lactation were used to achieve this objective. Dairy production was observed during individual visits in farms. Surveys were carried out with farm employees with the use of properly prepared veterinary control protocols of the Coordinated Veterinary Inspection Program. Control results were obtained based on the respondents' opinion from controlling institutions, such as: The Agency for Restructuring and Modernization of Agriculture, Regional Veterinary Office and similar certified bodies.

programmes that include multiparous reproductive performance are not indirectly improving reproductive performance in nulliparous heifers. Calving interval, or similar traits like days open or calculated daughter pregnancy rate ( VanRaden et al .,2004 ), are commonly used measures of reproductive performance in dairy cow breeding goals. Such traits may not be optimal for seasonal calving (and therefore breeding) herds. This is because breeding in seasonal production herds begins on a defined calendar date; therefore, a cow calving very early in the calving season is, on