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This paper deals with hard turning using a cutting tool with Xcel geometry. This is one of the new geometries, and there is not any information about Xcel wear in comparison to the conventional geometry. It is already known from cutting tools producers that using the Xcel geometry leads to higher quality of machined surface, perticularly surface roughness. It is possible to achieve more than 4 times lower Ra and Rz values after turning than after using conventional geometry with radius. The workpiece material was 100Cr6 hardened steel with hardness of 60 ± 1 HRC. The machine used for the experiment was a lathe with counter spindle DMG CTX alpha 500, which is located in the Centre of Excellence of 5–axis Machining at the Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava. The cutting tools made by CBN were obtained from Sandvik COROMANT Company.
The aim of this paper is to investigate the cutting tool wear in hard turning process by the Xcel cutting tool geometry.
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Hard turning has been applied in machining since the early 1980s. There is an effort to substitute finish grinding by hard machining, because of machining by cutting tool with defined geometry. For machining of hardened steels (up to 45 HRC) are used two different cutting materials. PCBN are used the most for discontinuous machining of hardened steel (up to 63 HRC) and mixed ceramic tools, which are used in the experiment. This paper reports a development of surface roughness parameters when using wiper tool geometry of mixed ceramic tool and conventional geometry of mixed ceramic tool in hard turning. Roughness parameters (Ra, Rz, Rsk, Rku, RSm, Rdq) are measured when changing the feed, depth of cut and cutting speed are constant.
The major goal of this work is to present a new method for determining the relationship of the cutting tool wear VBB = f (t/T) independent of the cutting parameters and to perform local statistical evaluation of its accuracy. It is connected with contour turning processes employing form tools, in varying machining conditions. The method is valid for a particular machine tool-clamping device-part-tool system, and accepted range of machining parameters: cutting speed, feed rate , depth of cut taken as perpendicular to the axis, angle of the contour. Processes of contour turning with point-tip tool may be implemented on CNC lathes, autolathes and tracer lathes with hydraulic control. The wear function which would be independent of the cutting parameters is founded on the sets of experimental results using the technique of experimental design. Box Wilson 5-level experimental design of second order. orthogonal, rotatable, compositional, for four-dimensional factor space was employed. Analytical description of the function was adopted, as a certain degree polynomial satisfying a condition of passing through the point at the co-ordinate system origin. Tool wear characteristics was determined by two methods: averaging of polynomials representing individual experiments and the approximation of all the tests together. The following requirements were taken into account: positive value of the function derivative and the lowest possible curve undulations. The averaging the coefficients of polynomials was selected as the best method. The local assessment of tool point wear curve accuracy has been performed by analyzing the course of the confidence level local values in the measurement points determined using dimensionless. coordinate t/T. The possible applications of tool wear curve were mentioned. VBB - tool edge wear level, the wear land on the flank in the B zone.
There are two concepts in the title that can be seen as “foreign” to the usual technical language. Both can have several meanings and thus we adapted them “flexibly” to the current needs. One way to understand the term “management” is through its functions: planning (defining purpose and means), organizing (defining tasks and methods), and direction (guidance, controlling), inspection (testing, comparing). It can also mean among other things, standpoint, circumstance, respect, or even character. Regarding the expression “damage management” the intended meaning here is reducing or to preventing damage to the tool, also improving the resistance of the tool material to damage, which besides material selection issues also has design, technology and operational aspects. This article gives an overview of some of these.
A Michelson interferometer based ESPI system for static and vibration out of plane displacement measurements is presented. The aim of the article is to demonstrate the usability of ESPI non-contact measurement method in the field of machining. The correlation fringe patterns were visualized using custom software. The accuracy of ESPI interferometer was verified by the comparison with measurement results collected using industrial XL-80 laser system. The efficacy in vibration analysis was tested by studying the mode shapes and resonant frequencies of the transverse vibrations of square plates. The measurement methodology was used to determine natural frequencies and the shapes of vibrational modes of NFTe 100x1.2/64-II circular slitting saw. As a result the values of rotational speed that should be avoided during machining were determined.
Article presents method of construction of special milling tool created for obtaining particular cutting forces system during usage of such tool. Developed machine tool solution can direct forces in direction that is significantly less flexible than other or in direction in which deformations will not effect significantly deviations in machined part. The method presented here combine aspect of the economic approaches to use commonly available cutting blades and fixing systems needed to develop tool construction. Article shows advantages of usage of commercial cutting blades and shows problems that are related with it, also trying to give solution for them.