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References 1. EurAsEC today. Integration Committee Secretariat of the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC), 2011. 27p. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://www.evrazes.com/i/other/EurAsEC-today_eng.pdf 2. Customs Union Technical Regulation 005/2011 "On the safety of the packaging" (in Russ.) Retrieved September 21, 2013, from http://www.tsouz.ru/db/techreglam/Documents/TR%20TS%20Upakovka.pdf 3. Customs Union Technical Regulation 021/2011 "On Food Safety" (in Russ.) Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http

Abstract

The principle of the free movement of goods in one of great importance for the European Union and for in general and for the Internal Market and the European citizens in particular. Starting from the fact that the Internal market is considered to be a critical element for the present and future prosperity of the European Union in a globalized world, the objective of the present text is to present and analyse, in a concise manner, the main legal provisions that govern this field. In order to accomplish this objective we made reference to the following aspects: considerations regarding the role and importance of the free movement of goods in the European internal market; the role of the European Commission within the internal market and implicitly for the free movement of goods; Treaty provisions governing the free movement of goods; and related instruments of secondary law related to the free movement of goods.

References ADB, OECD, UNDP. (2014). African Economic Outlook 2014. Global Value Chains and Africa’s Industrialisation. ADB, OECD, UNDP. Balassa, B. (1965). Trade Liberalisation and „Revealed” Comparative Advantage. The Manchester School of Economics , May. Baldwin, R. (1994). Towards an Integrated Europe. Geneva: Graduate Institute of International Studies. Chauvin, S. & Geis, A. (2011). Who Has Been Affected, How and Why? Frankfurt: European Central Bank. Cieślik, E. (2014). Foreign trade and global value chains of the Southern African Customs Union’s

.1787/9789264110779-en OECD (2012), OECD Economic Surveys: Turkey, OECD publishing, doi: 10.1787/eco-surveystur-2012-en OECD (2013), OECD International Direct Investment Statistics, Paris Pelkmans J. (1997), European Integration. Methods and Economic Analysis, Longman, Harlow, New York Rapoport C. (2011), EC-Turkey Customs Union and the WTO System, [in:] H. Kabaalioglu, A. Ott and A. Tatham (eds), EU and Turkey: Bridging the Differences in a Complex Relationship, Economic Development Foundation- Publication No: 250, Istanbul Takim A. (2010), Influences of Decree No. 32 on capital

/Inclusive%20development/Towards%20Human%20Resilience/Towards_SustainingMDGProgress_Chapter1.pdf (23 November 2017). 21. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2017), “Merchandise trade matrix - product groups, exports in thousands of dollars, annual, 1995-2016”, available at: http://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=24739 (29 November 2017). 22. Viner, J. (1950), Customs Union Issue, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York 23. World Trade Organization (2011), “World Trade Report 2011 – The WTO and preferential trade

Abstract

Globalization of the world economy and increased international trade in economic development of countries seriously affect Customs Services and changes customs functions. Moreover, the measurement efficiency and effectiveness of Customs Services are determined based on an accurate identification of the customs functions to be performed and on the basis of the amount of dynamic analysis. The article shows that significant reduction of the customs fiscal function is identified in the period when Latvia joined the EU Customs Union. The reduction took place due to the country’s efforts to improve business environment and strengthen the competitiveness of enterprises, as well as to improve tax administration system.

Abstract

Product safety and quality are among the key indicators that determine the company's efficiency in modern economics. Changes in state economics and policy such as Russia‘s accession to the WTO and its functioning within the Customs Union force domestic manufacturers to take a fresh look at these issues. Logistic concept of quality and safety involves application of logistic principles and methods for the quality and safety management on one hand, and forming of related organization's system and appropriate control measures for the quality and safety as a control object on the other. Thus, this concept should naturally combine logistics and security. Effective implementation of legal framework on the part of manufacturers and competent authority's control on its observance may provide a stream of safe and quality products coming to mass retailers, which significantly reduces the cases of food poisoning.

Abstract

Since the end of the World War II, Europe has gone a long way on the path of a new era of socio-economic integration, continually battling and overcoming the political and economic fragmentation of earlier eras and less developed economies.

The various difficulties and interruptions of the process involved, the European integration, since the 1952 European Coal and Steel Community, ranged from an initial small group to a large community comprising most European countries, the gradual removal of market barriers leading to the introduction of a customs union to the single market. Furthermore, the creation of Economic and Monetary Union and the adoption of the common currency have become the culmination of the whole process of economic integration, since the euro is used daily by 338.6 million Europeans in 19 EU member states. The aim of our research article is to closely analyze the development of the economic and monetary integration of Europe, since we believe that the single currency project represents a great success for the European Union as the result of long-term efforts on currency and economy stability, progress and economic growth.

Abstract

The New Silk Road, or actually the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), is a Chinese concept aimed at facilitating international trade between China, Europe and Africa as well as building a new international economic order and security system. More than 60 countries belonging to various economic groupings with different levels of economic development and economic openness have been involved in the BRI.

Many branches of the BRI run through the countries belonging to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). This is mainly the Trans-Siberian corridor, being the northern branch of the Route, which is being developed in the most dynamic way and is the most exploited among all railway connections between China and Europe.

In theory, the EAEU and its customs union between Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia should allow the easy transit of goods between Europe and Asia. Transport infrastructure, much better than in the case of the other BRI railway branches, seems to be an additional advantage. Unfortunately, political and structural factors, as well as the embargo imposed by Russia on many goods originating in Western Europe, significantly limit the possibilities of using this transport route.

The aim of the article is to examine the potential of the Eurasian Economic Union as part of the Belt and Road Initiative and assess the possibility of using the transport corridor running through the territory of the EAEU within the BRI. We will also identify the main determinants that will affect the development of transport and logistics corridors running through the EAEU in the future.

Summary

One of the most important characteristics of the process of globalization is the creation of different regional economic integrations. The most developed regional economic integration in the world is the European Union. Since it was found, when six founder countries created the free trade area for coal and steel, European Union passed all the phases of development of the economic integration, through the customs union and common market to the economic and monetary union. Through the six waves of enlargement European Union has become the integration of 28 countries with over 500 million habitants. Every enlargement of this regional integration had an impact on the economic position and the development of both the old and the new members. The biggest increase in the number of members brought the 5th big enlargement of the European Union, when the number of the member countries increased in total for 12 countries, first for 10, and then for 2 more.

The effects of this enlargement on former soviet countries are specially interesting not only because of the number of the new members, but also because of the fact that these countries during the joining have also pass the process of the transition to the market economy.

The aim of this work is to examine the effects of the enlargement on the foreign trade of the new members, and the effects of the changes in foreign trade on the economic development of these countries. The analysis of the effects of joining the European Union could be interesting for the countries which strive to become members of this economic regional integration.