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Cracking of High-Strength Steel Welded Joints

References 1. Ćwiek J.: Hydrogen enhanced-cracking of high-strength steel welded joints. Advances in Materials Science 4 (2008) 4-13. 2. Łabanowski J., Fydrych D., Rogalski G.: Underwater welding - A review. Advances in Materials Science 3 (2009) 11-22. 3. Kozak T. Resistance to cold cracking of welded joints made of P460NL1 steel. Advances in Materials Science 3 (2011) 20-27. 4. Fydrych D., Kozak T.: Underwater welded joint properties investigation. Advances in Materials Science 4 (2010

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The Reflective Cracking in Flexible Pavements

References [1] R. HAAS, P. JOSEPH, "Design oriented evaluation of alternatives for reflection cracking through pavement overlays" First International Conference on Reflective Cracking in Pavements, Liege, Belgium, 1989. [2] A. HALIM, W. PHANG, R. HAAS, "Realizing structural design objectives through minimization of construction induced cracking" Sixth International Conference on Structural Design of Asphalt Pavements, Michigan, 1987. [3] J. PAIS, “The reflective cracking in flexible pavement overlay design (in

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Causes of Early-Age Thermal Cracking of Concrete Foundation Slabs and their Reinforcement to Control the Cracking

References ACI 207.2R-07 (2007) Report on Thermal and Volume Change Effects on Cracking of Mass Concrete . ACI Committee 207, 28 pp. ACI 224.2R-92 (ACI 2004) Cracking of Concrete Members in Direct Tension . ACI Committee 224, 12 pp. Bamforth, P.B. (2007) Early-age thermal crack control in concrete . CIRIA C660, London, 112 pp. Becker, A. (2009) Waterproof Concrete Tanks . Tiefbau 3, pp. 153–161 Bobko, C.P. - Edwards, A.J., Seracino, R. and Zia, P. (2015) Thermal Cracking of Mass Concrete Bridge Footings in Coastal

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Cracking of the End Diaphragm of a Post-tensioned Beam Bridge

REFERENCES 1. Fredriksson H & Yhlen H: “FE-analysis of cracking in transversal support beams of concrete bridges”. Master Thesis No. 2010:6, Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Division of Structural Engineering, Göteborg, Sweden, 2010. 2. Kuusela M: “FEM analysis of causes of cracking in the end diaphragm of post-tensioned beam bridge”. Report, Tampere University of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Tampere, Finland. 2016. 3. Finnish Transport Agency: “Liikenneviraston sillat

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Control of Early-Age Cracking in Watertight Concrete Structures

REFERENCES ACI Committee 207 (2007) ACI 207.2R-07: Report on thermal and volume change on cracking pf mass concrete. American Concrete Institute, 28 pp., Farmington Hills, MI. Bamforth, P. B. (2007) Early-age thermal crack control in concrete . CIRIA C660, London. Bamforth, P. – Denton, S. – Shave, J. (2010) The development of a revised unified approach for the design of reinforcement to control cracking in concrete resulting from restrained contraction . ICE Research Project 0706, 67 pp. EN 13670 CEN (2004) Execution of concrete

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Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Self-compacting Concrete: Influence of Capillary Pressure and Dormant Period

REFERENCES 1. Lerch, W: “Plastic Shrinkage”. ACI Materials . Vol. 53, 1957, pp. 797-802. 2. Ravina, D & Shalon, R: “Plastic shrinkage cracking”. ACI Materials , Vol. 65, 1968, pp. 282-291. 3. Slowik, V, Schmidt, M & Fritzsch, R: “Capillary pressure in fresh cement-based materials and identification of the air entry value”. Cement and concrete composites , Vol. 30, 2008, pp. 557-565. 4. Esping, O & Löfgren, I: “Cracking due to plastic and autogenous shrinkage-investigation of early age deformation of self-compacting concrete

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Meso Mechanical Study of Cracking Process in Concrete Subjected to Tensile Loading

: Analysis of cracks and deformations in a full scale reinforced concrete beam using a digital image correlation technique. Experimental Mechanics , Vol. 51, No. 6, 2010, pp. 879–890. 7. Skoček J and Stang H: Application of optical deformation analysis system on wedge splitting test and its inverse analysis. Materials and Structures , Vol. 43, 2010, pp. 63–72. 8. Shah S P and Chandra Kishen J M: Fracture properties of concrete-concrete interfaces using digital image correlation. Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 303–313. 9. Flansbjer M

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Cold Cracking Of Underwater Wet Welded S355G10+N High Strength Steel

Letters), 9 (2015). 7. Maksimov S.Y.: Prevention of cold cracks in heat affected zone in underwater welding of low-alloyed high-strength steels. Збірник Наукових Праць НУК, 4 (2014). 8. Silva L.F., dos Santos V.R., Paciornik S., Mertens J.C.E., Chawla N.: Multiscale 3D characterization of discontinuities in underwater wet welds. Materials Characterization, 107 (2015). 9. Fydrych D., Rogalski G., Tomków J., Łabanowski J.: The tendency to form cold cracks at the S420G2+M steel joints welded under water using wet method (in Polish). Przegląd Spawalnictwa

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Minimum Reinforcement for Crack Width Control in RC Tensile Elements

-1-1:2008 - Eurocode 2, Design of concrete structures - Part 1-1 : General rules and rules for buildings, 2008. 6. DIN, EN 1992-1-1/NA, Nationaler Anhang – National festgelegte Parameter – Eurocode 2: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Stahlbeton und Spannbetontragwerken – Teil 1-1: Allgemeine Bemessungsregeln und Regeln für den Hochbau, 2011. 7. A. Muttoni, R. M. Fernández, “Concrete cracking in tension members and application to deck slabs of bridges”, Journal of Bridge Engineering, 12(5): pp 646-653, 2007. 8. M. Nobuhiro, U. Kazuo, “Nonlinear thermal stress analysis

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Resistance to cold cracking of welded joints made of P460NL1 steel

References Butnicki S.: The weldability and fragility of steel, in Polish. WNT, Warszawa, 1991. Tasak E.: The weldability of steel, in Polish. FOTOBIT, Kraków, 2002. Tasak E.: Mettalurgy of Welding, in Polish. JAK, Kraków, 2008. Ranatowski E.: The elements of metal joining, In Polish. Wyd. Akademii Techniczno-Rolniczej, Bydgoszcz, 1999. Łomozik M., Dębski E.: The determining the causes and nature of cracks in ship hull welded

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