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NATO Standardization Documents for Mine Countermeasure and Their Updating as an Area of Scientific Activity

Abstract

NATO standardization documents are the basis for action in many areas of NATO military activity and their affiliated organizations. The development of the NATO standardization documentation has been on-going for more than 60 years, and their content provides a reliable basis for joint action in a unified manner, enabling interoperability in many areas of NATO operations. The article is divided into three parts, the first of which deals with the general principles of NATO standardization, the second part describes the standardization documents related to the measurement of the ship’s signatures in aspect of the mine countermeasures and the third describes the participation in research project of NATO — RIMPASSE 2011 Trial. One of the their task was to verify and update NATO standardization documents including AMP-15.

Open access
Musculoskeletal Outcomes from Chronic High-Speed High-Impact Resistive Exercise

countermeasures that sought to abate musculoskeletal losses (Kramer et al., 2017; Trappe et al., 2007). Those countermeasures included flywheel-based resistive exercise (Trappe et al., 2007) and high-intensity jump training (Kramer et al., 2017). Results showed that concurrent exercise reduced muscle mass and strength losses in those who received the experimental treatment as compared to bed-rested controls, yet neither countermeasure addressed bone losses, which is an important in- and postflight concern (Kramer et al, 2017; Trappe et al., 2007). However, a recent study with

Open access
Prophylactic efficacy of some chemoprotectants against abrin induced lethality

Abstract

Abrin is a highly toxic protein produced by Abrus precatorius. Exposure to abrin, either through accident or by act of terrorism, poses a significant risk to human health and safety. Abrin functions as a ribosome-inactivating protein by depurinating the 28S rRNA and inhibits protein synthesis. It is a potent toxin warfare agent. There are no antidotes available for abrin intoxication. Supportive care is the only option for treatment of abrin exposure. It is becoming increasingly important to develop countermeasures for abrin by developing pre- and post-exposure therapy. The aim of this study is to screen certain pharmaceutical compounds for their chemoprotective properties against abrin toxicity in vivo in BALB/c male mice. Twenty-one compounds having either antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cyto-protective properties or combination of them, were screened and administered as 1h pre-treatment followed by exposure of lethal dose (2×LD50, intraperitoneally) of abrin. To assess the protective efficacy of the compounds, survival and body weight was monitored. Fifteen compounds extended the survival time of animals significantly, as compared to abrin. The following five of these compounds, namely: Epicatechin-3-gallate, Gallic Acid, Lipoic Acid, GSH and Indomethacin extended the life time ranging from 6 to 9 days. These compounds also attenuated the abrin induced inflammation and enzymes associated with liver function, but none of them could prevent abrin induced lethality. The compounds offering extension of life could be useful to provide a time-window for other supportive treatment and could also be used as combinatorial therapy with other medical countermeasures against abrin induced lethality.

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Influence mechanism of development effect of forest ecotourism in China

Abstract

Owing to the abundant forest resources, China is endowed with the advantages of developing forest ecotourism. In order that the forest resources better meet the demand of national tourism, the key is to explore the development condition and effect of forest ecotourism resources. Only with a development plan that accords with the national tourism demand can the economic value of forest ecotourism resources be realized to the greatest degree. In this study, we introduced the structural equation model which could be used to reflect the relationship and influence between variables. In the aspect of tourist satisfaction, we put forward an evaluation model for tourist satisfaction. Then, based on questionnaire surveys and in-depth interviews on the tourists from three scenic spots, we analyzed the development effect, quality of talents and support rates of the surrounding residents in the scenic areas. Furthermore, we established an influence mechanism model of the development effect of forest ecotourism resources, with resource factor, principal factor, market factor and macro factor as the influence factors. At last, we put forward countermeasures and suggestions for the optimization of resource development, which could provide policy suggestions for the development of national tourism.

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Using the Polygraph Validation Test (PVT) in Solving Conflicted Polygraph Results and Confirming Deliberate Distortions by Examinees

Abstract

This paper involves fifty-one re-examinations of original polygraph tests that resulted in conflicted outcomes and examinations where deliberate distortions were believed to have been employed. The Polygraph Validation Test (PVT) was successfully employed in these re-examinations to rectify the original problems and/or confirm attempts by examinees at countermeasures or augmentations.

Open access
SWOT Analysis and Related Countermeasures for Croatia to Explore the Chinese Tourist Source Market

Abstract

Croatia is a land endowed with rich and diversified natural and cultural tourist resources. Traveling around Croatia, I was stunned by its beauty. However, I noticed that there were few Chinese tourists in Croatia. How can we bring more Chinese tourists to Croatia? How can we make them happy and comfortable in Croatia? And, at the same time, how can we avoid polluting this tract of pure land? Based on first-hand research work, I make a SWOT analysis of the Chinese tourist source market of Croatia and put forward related countermeasures from the perspective of a native Chinese. The positioning of tourism in Croatia should be ingeniously packaged. I recommend developing diversified and specialized tourist products, various marketing and promotional activities, simple and flexible visa policies and regulations, and other related measures to further explore the Chinese tourist source market of Croatia.

Open access
Every Move You Make: Exploring Practical Issues in Smartphone Motion Sensor Fingerprinting and Countermeasures

Abstract

The ability to track users’ activities across different websites and visits is a key tool in advertising and surveillance. The HTML5 DeviceMotion interface creates a new opportunity for such tracking via fingerprinting of smartphone motion sensors. We study the feasibility of carrying out such fingerprinting under real-world constraints and on a large scale. In particular, we collect measurements from several hundred users under realistic scenarios and show that the state-of-the-art techniques provide very low accuracy in these settings. We then improve fingerprinting accuracy by changing the classifier as well as incorporating auxiliary information. We also show how to perform fingerprinting in an open-world scenario where one must distinguish between known and previously unseen users.

We next consider the problem of developing fingerprinting countermeasures; we evaluate the usability of a previously proposed obfuscation technique and a newly developed quantization technique via a large-scale user study. We find that both techniques are able to drastically reduce fingerprinting accuracy without significantly impacting the utility of the sensors in web applications.

Open access
Safety of Flying in the Air in Aspect of Using Electronic Warfare Device

Safety of Flying in the Air in Aspect of Using Electronic Warfare Device

The paper presents some problems of the safety of military air forces in the area of enemy air defence. Recently, this problem has become one of the most important issues of fighting against terrorists. Presented are some threats and techniques of fighting them. On the grounds of the threats analysis in the air defence areas, the author tries to predict safety condition in function of the quality and effectiveness of an onboard electronic warfare system.

Open access