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Abstract

In decision making quite often we face permanently changeable and potentially infinite databases when we cannot apply conventional algorithms for choosing a solution. A decision process on infinite databases (e.g. on a database containing a contradiction) is called troubleshooting. A decision on these databases is called creative reasoning. One of the first heuristic semi-logical means for creative decision making were proposed in the theory of inventive problem solving (TIPS) by Genrich Altshuller. In this paper, I show that his approach corresponds to the so-called content-generic logic established by Soviet philosophers as an alternative to mathematical logic. The main assumption of content-genetic is that we cannot reduce our thinking to a mathematical combination of signs or to a language as such and our thought is ever cyclic and reflexive so that it contains ever a history.

of contributions, such as Expert Knowledge: Its Structure, Functions and Limits by Marek Hetmański, The Knobe Effect From the Perspective of Normative Orders by Andrzej Waleszczyński, Michał Obidziński, Julia Rejewska, The Emotivism of Law. Systematic Irrationality, Imagined Orders, and the Spirit of Decision Making by Adrian Mróz, and Creative Reasoning and Content-Genetic Logic by Andrew Schumann, is devoted to different cognitive aspects in decision making.