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The spade-shaped staters from the area characterized by the Púchov Culture in Slovakia differ from other Celtic coins by their special spade-shaped form and also by their material. The known types of the spade-shaped staters were made – with some exceptions – of alloy with different portions of gold and silver. The first stater here, because of its weight, characteristic shape and finding place (near Dubnica nad Váhom, Slovakia), could be classified under the type preceding all other types of the spade-shaped staters. The second piece – a part cut from a spade-shaped stater – represents a contemporary forgery of the same type as it is in the case of the previous coin. The core of the forged specimen is made of high-quality silver plated by a thick gold foil. This kind of forgeries is known mainly from the Hellenistic period, these pieces come from the Macedonian-Thracian region, and they appeared in the Celtic milieu starting with the 3rd century BC.

coins were evidently mostly produced outside of the center of the Duchy of Bohemia (Prague). Local origin can be considered also in the case of the Moravian pieces. denier; imitative coin; contemporary forgery. denár; ražba imitativní; falsum dobové. První české denáry ražené v druhé polovině 10. století navázaly ikonograficky i metrologicky na bavorské vzory pocházející z mincoven v Řezně a Nabburku a na biskupské ražby z mincovny ve švábském Augšpurku. Spolu s bavorský- mi a švábskými denáry jsou také nejstarší české mince zpravidla nacházeny v hromadných