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population size in plants: implications for conservation. In: D. A. FALK & K. E. HOLSINGER (eds.). Genetics and Conservation of Rare Plants, pp. 3-30. Oxford Univ. Press, New York. BRZOSKO E., WR”BLEWSKA A. & RATKIEWICZ M. 2002. Spatial genetic structure and clonal diversity of island populations of ladys slipper ( Cypripedium calceolus) from the Biebrza National Park (northeast Poland). Mol. Ecol . 11: 2499-2509. BULAK J. & WOCH W. 2007. Ocena liczebnouci populacji miko≥ajka nadmorskiego Eryngium maritimum na wydmach nadmorskich na terenie Parku Krajobrazowego

Abstract

The paper presents the results of geobotanical studies on the distribution and resources of Aster tripolium L. and Plantago maritima L, two rare halophytes in Poland. The research was conducted in northern Poland, along the Baltic coast in 2013. The present distribution of the two species was compared with historical data and general trends of and threats to these two species were examined. In total, 33 sites of A. tripolium and 18 of P. maritima were found in the research area. The resources of both species have been perceptibly depleting during last 150 years, which is mostly due to human agencies (e.g. habitat devastation caused by growing urban areas and the change in management and/or habitat condition). In order to preserve both species, it may be necessary to start an ex situ conservation program.

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. 2003. Handbook of the convention on biological diversity. 2nd edition. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. Council of the European Communities. 1992. Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora. Official Journal of the European Communities, series L, 206: 750. Critchley C. N. R., Burke M. J. W. & Stevens D. P. 2003. Conservation of lowland semi-natural grasslands in the UK: a review of botanical monitoring results from agri-environment schemes. Biological Conservation 115

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