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REFERENCES 1. Jolin M, Melo F & Bissonnette B: “Concrete durability applied to sprayed concrete mixture design”. Proceedings , 7 th International Symposium on Sprayed Concrete, Sandefjord, Norway, June 2014, pp. 233-244. 2. Jolin M, Burns D, Bissonnette B, Gagnon F & Bolduc L-S: “Understanding the pumpability of concrete”. Proceedings , Shotcrete for underground support XI, Davos, Switzerland, June 2009. 3. Banthia N, Trottier J-F & Beaupre D: “Steel fibre reinforced wet-mix shotcrete: comparisons with cast concrete”. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

REFERENCES 1. Ahmed L, Ansell A & Malm R: “Numerical Modelling and Evaluation of Laboratory Tests with Impact Loaded Young Concrete Prisms,” Materials and Structures , Vol. 49, No. 11, November 2016, pp. 4691-4704. 2. Anson M & Newman K: “The Effect of Mix Proportions and Method of Testing on Poisson’s Ratio for Mortars and Concretes,” Magazine of Concrete Research , Vol. 18, No. 56, September 1966, pp. 115-130. 3. Byfors J: “Plain Concrete at Early Ages,” Research Fo 3:80, Swedish Cement and Concrete Institute, Stockholm, 1980, 464 p. 4. Mesbah H A, Lachemi M

REFERENCES 1. Richardson, M. G., “Fundamentals of durable reinforced concrete,” London, Spon Press, 2002, 260 p. 2. Shayan, A. & Quick, G.W., “Alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete railway sleepers from Finland,” Proceedings , 16 th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Richmond, Va., USA, 1994, pp. 69–79. 3. Pyy, H., Holt, E., Ferreira, M., “Prestudy on alkali aggregate reaction and its existing in Finland,” VTT, Helsinki, Report VTT-CR-00554-12/FI, 2012, 27 p. (in Finnish) 4. Lahdensivu, J., Aromaa, J., “Repair of alkali aggregate reaction damaged

REFERENCES 1. Mölsä S: “The reason for the Kemijärvi railroad bridge's construction defects”. 2016. (In Finnish). [Online] [Accessed on 29.1.2019] 2. Turunsanomat News: “The background of the concrete strength problems is the elevated air content in-site”. 2016. (In Finnish). [Online] [Accessed on 29.1.2019] 3. Yang Q: “Stability of air bubbles

REFERENCES 1. Arnold A: “Zum Einfluss der Zwangschnittgrößen aus Temperatur bei Tragwerken aus Konstruktionsbeton mit und ohne Vorspannung,” Dissertation, Dortmund Techn. Univ., Dortumund, Germany, 2008. (In German). 2. Jalonen K: “Imposed and restrained deformations on concrete bridge,” Master Thesis , Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland, 2016. (In Finnish.) 3. Liikenneviraston ohjeita 24/2014. 2014. Eurokoodin soveltamisohje – Siltojen kuormat ja suunnitteluperusteet NCCI 1 (5.9.2014) (Guidelines of the Finnish Transport Agency). 24/2014. 2014

REFERENCES 1. Edwards Y: “Hållbara brobaneplattor-tätskikt: state of the art.” Report , Swedish Cement & Concrete Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011, pp. 32-72. (In Swedish.) 2. Yusuf Hassan A: “Slitbanebetong för broar: Inventering och inverkan av krympning.” Master thesis , Luleå University of Technology, Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå, Sweden, 2012, pp. 13-15. (In Swedish.) 3. Sayahi F: “Plastic Shrinkage Cracking in Concrete: Mitigation and Modelling.” Doctoral thesis , Luleå University of Technology, Dept

REFERENCES 1. World Health Organization: “WHO Handbook on Indoor Radon: a Public Health Perspective”. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009, 110 pp. 2. Man C K & Yeung H S: “The Effects of Cracks and Holes on the Exhalation of Radon from Concrete”. Building and Environment , Vol 32, No. 4, 1997, pp. 351-354. 3. Landman K A: “Diffusion of Radon Through Cracks in Concrete Slab”. Health Physics , Vol. 43, Issue 1, 1982, pp. 65-71. 4. Ajayi K M, Shahbazi K, Tukkaraja P, Katzenstein P: “A discrete model for prediction of radon flux from fractured

REFERENCES 1. Lahdensivu J: “Durability properties and actual deterioration of Finnish concrete facades and balconies”. Tampere, Tampere University of Technology, Publication 1028, 2012, 117 p + app. 37 p. 2. Page C. L: “Basic Principles of Corrosion”. In: Schiessl P (editor): Corrosion of Steel in Concrete, London, Chapman and Hall, 1988, pp. 3–21. 3. Schiessl P: “Corrosion of Steel in Concrete”. London, Chapman and Hall, 1988, 101 p. 4. Liu Y & Weyers R E: “Modelling the Time-to-Corrosion Cracking in Chloride Contaminated Reinforced Concrete Structures”. ACI

REFERENCES 1. Pigeon M & Pleau R: “Durability of Concrete in Cold Climates”. Spon, London, 1995. 2. Powers T C & Brownyard T L: “Studies of Physical Properties of Hardened Portland Cement Paste”. American Concrete Institute -- Journal , Vol. 18, No. 2, 1947. 3. Kuosa H, Ferreira R M, Holt E, Leivo M & Vesikari E: “Effect of Coupled Deterioration by Freeze-Thaw, Carbonation and Chlorides on Concrete Service Life”. Cement and Concrete Composites , Vol. 47, 2014, pp. 32-40. 4. Powers T C: “Air Requirement of Frost-Resistant Concrete.” Portland Cement Association

REFERENCES 1. Mehta P K, “Global concrete industry sustainability,” Concrete international, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 45-48, 2009. 2. Pachauri R and Meyer L, “Climate change 2014 Synthesis Report-Summary for Policymakers,” ed: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2014. 3. Samferdselsdepartement, “Meld. St. 33 Nasjonal Transportplan 2018-2029 (in Norwegian) (National Transport Plan 2018-2029),” Oslo, Norway2017. 4. Jahren P and Sui T, Concrete and sustainability . CRC Press, 2013. 5. Jiang R, Mao C, Hou L, Wu C, and Tan J, “A SWOT analysis for promoting