Roofing is an important element in the construction of the roof. It is also one of the essential elements of the whole building. The choice of roofing should depend on technical parameters that affect the quality of the materials used and the price. The present paper is a comparative analysis of the properties of five roofing materials selected as examples with respect to twelve parameters. As can be seen from the comparative analysis of the roofing parameters, roofing tile is by far the best material, receiving the highest score in the ranking
The paper aims to carry out a comparative analysis of heating of school facilities under the administration of municipalities in Macedonia, Moldova and Kosovo and to test the factors that affect the heating costs of school facilities. For a definition of the theoretical fundament parts of the theory of fiscal federalism are used. Subsequently five hypotheses are put forward that are verified using the method of benchmarking. The theoretical conclusions and recommendations may be used for a more effective implementation of public policies within the surveyed countries.
The article is concerned with the specific relationship of corruption and inequality in modern societies. This linkage is expanded with the category of trust, which is certainly an important concept in modern societies. There are different points of view on the relationship between corruption and social inequality. The paper proposes to make comparative analysis of this relationship and to interpret it based on the current social situation. First, it should be noted that there is a direct link between the levels of corruption and inequality. The high level of corruption is usually associated with high levels of inequality. But the hypothesis of a strong direct relationship between these concepts is controversial. The path from inequality to corruption may be indirect through trust, but this relationship is a key to understanding why some societies are more corrupt than others. But it is not so simple: the correlation between inequality and corruption is weak. Inequality and corruption are not directly related, there are deviations from this relationship.
The paper includes a comparative analysis in terms of lifelong learning in countries like France, Germany, Finland and Romania. The objectives: Update on the definition of each star on lifelong learning concept; Comparison strategies associated with lifelong learning for the countries analyzed; Tracking the contribution of different levels of educational system in terms of lifelong learning. The research was based on studying scientific literature from the country and abroad and it was based on questionnaires distributed. The results of investigation showed that success is related to the projects in terms of institutions, local projects and the project of the entire state that must ensure quality education. After implementing the research, conclusions are that the exchange of information between countries is needed, exchange of experience should head the true value, strategic cooperation should increase and innovation in lifelong learning through study visits for Education and training professional.
The dynamics of political campaigning is as unique as the people and party platforms that inhabit the campaign period. The progress of certain political personalities or of political parties themselves insure a positivity to the political process in contrast to statism. Not all change is welcome surely, but the fact that such activity occurs within pluralist democracy is a sign of vitality in both practice and principle. One such change in recent political campaigns has been the increased popularity of candidates and parties espousing populist platforms and rhetoric. While in the United States, such represented interest is historically based from the late nineteenth century, in Slovakia it is more recent, but no less significant in its historical roots. In the following paper the methodology of a comparative analysis is employed to investigate populism within the United States and Slovakia while utilizing the theoretical context of neoclassical realism that has populism in the national context: personalization of politics, catch-all policies, media centricity, professionalization and political marketing.
We have performed comparative analysis on professional training of linguists at British and Ukrainian universities at administrative and managerial, legislative, organizational and pedagogical, systemic, conceptual, socioeconomic levels. As evidenced above, British and Ukrainian systems of professional training of linguists differ significantly, but simultaneously they are similar to the trends in development. In the first place, the main difference is manifested in the content of curricula. Professional training of linguists in Ukraine is aimed primarily at professional orientation on the national (regional) labour market, comprehensive development of personality of future specialists, formation of harmonious development of both general and professional qualities. In British experience, this training is oriented toward the world labour market. In view of the above, it is expedient to update the content of curricula for linguistics, in particular, its focus on professional and researchbased training, taking into account the best practices of foreign experience, in particular British one. An important objective of Ukrainian higher education institutions is to improve quality of teaching professional and special disciplines, provide modern teaching materials, as well as attract foreign specialists to teaching. It is also worthwhile to encourage students to participate in work placements abroad, as it is the case with leading universities in Great Britain. Perspectives for further researches are seen in studying foreign experience in training linguists at leading European universities in order to justify the best aspects of such experience and therefore implement them into practice of professional training of linguists at Ukrainian universities.
Comparative analysis of energy potential of three ways of configuration of a condenser power plant thermal cycle
A theoretical, comparative analysis of three configuration ways of a condenser power plant thermal cycle is shown in the work. A new regeneration & separation preheater and its application in a thermal cycle is presented. Results obtained allow to compare all three analysed configurations efficiencies.
Research purpose. High technology creation, as a rule, requires national support systems although the flow of the created value in an international level is unexplored. The national innovation systems are becoming globalized; thus the distinct process of creation, dissemination and implementation of high technologies is becoming globally fragmented and therefore the added value distribution within the global value chain (GVC) should be investigated.
Design/Methodology/Approach. The brief and extensive academic literature review dedicated to high technology creation is introduced, although the empirical investigation is narrowed to the scientific research and development sector, depicted as M72 by NACE statistical classification. Thus empirical research design is based on the sectoral level data, considering M72 sector as the main economic activity for high technology creation. The data for the comparative analysis of countries is retrieved from the 2014 world input–output data (WIOD) which enables to exclude double counting of added value inherent for the convenient import and export data and holds information of intermediate and final consumption of added value within a country and between different countries. The descriptive statistic based on WIOD data is provided and further prescriptive statistics for the data interpretation is conducted. While developing the predictive models, the number of investigated countries varies while the data for M72 sector is not available for all countries provided in WIOD and including to the model basic science and technology indicators as independent variables, retrieved from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development database, the number of countries reduced additionally, also due to the data shortage.
Findings. The key result is the provided methodology for the positioning of the countries evaluating the involvement in the upstream and downstream GVC processes, hereby introducing new indicators that may have an impact on the sector’s performance.
Originality/Value/Practical implications. The evaluation of high technologies creation performance would provide insights into the international management and innovation policies, and the matrix concept for the positioning countries by the pattern of involvement to the GVCs could be applied to other sectors.
Distributional Effects in Germany and the United Kingdom . Physica-Verlag Heidelberg. Müller, K. (2002) Old-age security in the Baltics: legacy, early reforms and recent trends. Europe-Asia Studies, 54 (5), 725-748. Neckerman, K. M. & Torche, F. (2007). Inequality: Causes and consequences. Annu. Rev. Sociol. , 33 , 335-357. Norkus, Z. (2012). On Baltic Slovenia and Adriatic Lithuania: a qualitative comparativeanalysis of patterns in post-communist transformation . Central European University Press. OECD. (2011). Pensions at a Glance 2011: Retirement-income Systems in
In the article the methodology of comparative analysis of public school teachers’ continuing professional development (CPD) in Great Britain, Canada and the USA has been presented. The main objectives are defined as theoretical analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature, which highlights different aspects of the problem under research; characteristic of the research methodology, used to conduct the comparative analysis. Their major components of the research model (parametric-determining, conceptual and analytical, integrating-analytical and differentiating-analytical, prognostic component) have been defined and specified. Public school teachers’ CPD has been studied by foreign and domestic scientists: political, social, cultural and economic aspects of teachers’ CPD (L. Darling-Hammond, M. Tight); CPD programs (C. Pratt); CPD content (N. Dana Fichtman, M. Rees, A. Ross, S. Zepeda); CPD models, methods and forms (K. Duinlan, P. Grimmet, G. Troia, P. Wong); continuous professional education (Ya. Belmaz, A. Kuzminskyy, O. Kuznyetsova). The research methodology comprises theoretical (comparative-historical, logical, induction and deduction, comparison and compatibility, structural and systematic, analysis and synthesis, general scientific and interdisciplinary forecasting methods), and applied (observations, questioning and interviewing) methods. The research results have been presented.