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Impacts of Geomorphic Disturbances on Plant Colonization in Ebba Valley, Central Spitsbergen, Svalbard

and Landforms 34(13): 1772-1789. Moreau M., Laffly D., Joly D., Brossard T., 2005. Analysis of plant colonisation on an arctic moraine since the end of the Little Ice Age using remotely sensed data and a Bayesian approach. Remote Sensing of Environment 99(3): 244-253. Moreau M., Mercier D., Laffly D., Roussel E., 2008. Impacts of recent paraglacial dynamics on plant colonization: A case study on Midtre Lovénbreen foreland, Spitsbergen (79°N). Geomorphology 95: 48-60. Natali S.M., Schuur E.A.G., Rubin R.L., 2012

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In Vitro Study on the Adhesion and Colonization of Candida Albicans on Metal and Acrylic Piercings

a Salivary Conditioning Film. - Langmuir, 25, 2009, № 11, 6227-6231. 16. Nyvad, B., et O. Fejerskov. Scanning Electron Micros-copy of Early Microbial Colonization of Human Enamel and Root Surfaces in Vivo. - Scandinavian J Dent Res, 95, 1987, № 4, 287-296. 17. Poortinga, A. T., R. Bos et H. J. Busscher. Measurement of Charge Transfer during Bacterial Adhesion to an Indium Tin Oxide Surface in a Parallel Plate Flow Chamber. - J Microb Meth, 38, 1999, № 3, 183-189. 18. Quirynen, M. The clinical meaning of the surface

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Effect of crop management and cultivar on colonization of Capsicum annuum L. by Endophytic Fungi

plants, environment and humans. The Scientific World Journal. ID: 250693, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/250693. [11] Muvea, A. M., Meyhöfer, R., Subramanian, S., Poehling, H. M., Ekesi, S., Maniania N. K. (2014), Colonization of onions by endophytic fungi and their impacts on the biology of Thrips tabaci. PLoS One 9(9): e108242. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0108242. [12] Fazekas, B., Tar, A., Kovács, M. (2005), Aflatoxin and ochratoxin A content of spices in Hungary. Food Addit. Contam. 22 (9), 856-863. [13] Iqbal, S. Z

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Vulvovaginal Candidiasis in Pregnant Women and its Importance for Candida Colonization of Newborns

2015;21:1-23. 7. Blaschke-Hellmessen R. Vertical transmission of Candida and its consequences. Mycoses 1998;41(2): 31-36. 8. Filippidi A, Galanakis E, Maraki S, Galani I, Drogari-Apiranthitou M, Kalmanti M, Mantadakis E, Samonis G.The effect of maternal flora on Candida colonisation in the neonate. Mycoses. 2014;57(1):43-8. 9. Bulik CC, Sobel JD, Nailor MD. Susceptibility profi le of vaginal isolates of Candida albicans prior to and following fl uconazole introduction - impact of two decades. Mycoses 2011

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Effect of freezing on the initial colonization of the carcass with necrophagous organisms

., Püschel K. & Schroeder H. (2003): Insects colonization of human corpus in warm and cold season. - Legal medicine 5: 372-374. Marchenko M.I. (2001): Medicolegal relevance of cadaver entomofauna for the determination of the time of death. - Forensic Science International 120: 89-109. Micozzi M.S. (1986): Experimental Study of Postmortem Change Under Field Conditions: Effects of Freezing, Thawing, and Mechanical Injury. - Journal of Forensic Science 31(3): 953-961. Mise K.M., Corrêa R.C. & Almeida L.M. (2013): Coleopterofauna

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Bronchial Colonization in Patients with Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer / Kolonizacija bronha kod bolesnika sa nesitnoćelijskim karcinomom pluća

colonisation of lower airways in health and chronic lung disease. Clin Respir J 2008;2:116-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00048.x 10. Ioanas M, Angrill J, Baldo X,et al. Bronchial bacterial colonization in patients with resectable lung carcinoma. Eur Respir J 2002;19:326-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/09031936.02.00236402 11. Angrill J, Agusti C, de Celis, R et al. Bronchial inflammation and colonization in patients with clinicaly stable bronchiectasis.Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001;164: 1628-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm

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Analysis of the Start-Up of Natural Bio-Film Colonization of Constructed Rapid Infiltration System

References 1. Yang Xiaomao et al., Application Research of Constructed Rapid Infiltration Technology in Water Pollution Control in Rural Areas in Our Country. Environmental Engineering, 2012(S2): Page 91-96. 2. Cui Chengying et al., Pollutant Removal Mechanism by Constructed Rapid Infiltration System. Environment Pollution and Control, 2007(02): Page 95-98. 3. Li Yafeng, Zhang Juan, Zhang Peize, BaiYuanbo, Analysis of the Start-up of Natural Bio-film Colonization of Bological Aerated Filter. Shenyang

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Nineteenth century early childhood institutions in Aotearoa New Zealand: Legacies of enlightenment and colonisation

Abstract

The nineteenth century colonial setting of Aotearoa NZ is the most distant from the cradle of European Enlightenment that sparked new understandings of childhood, learning and education and spearheaded new approaches to the care and education of young children outside of the family home. The broader theme of the Enlightenment was about progress and the possibilities of the ongoing improvement of peoples and institutions. The young child was seen as a potent force in this transformation and a raft of childhood institutions, including the 19th century infant school, kindergarten, and crèche were a consequence. The colonisation and settlement of Aotearoa NZ by European settlers coincided with an era in which the potency of new aspirations for new kinds of institutions for young children seeded. It is useful in the 21st century to reframe the various waves of colonial endeavour and highlight the dynamic interfaces of being colonised for the indigenous populations; being a colonial for the settler populations; and the power and should be purposed of the colonising cultures of Europe. It can be argued that in the context of ECE neither the indigenous nor settler populations of Aotearoa NZ were passive recipients of European ECE ideas but, separately and together, forged new understandings of childhood and its institutions; enriched and shaped by the lessons learned in the colonial setting of Aotearoa NZ.

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Semi-Dry Grassland Restoration in the Se Alpine Foreland of Austria – A Study of Early Spontaneous Colonisation Patterns

References Anonymus 2012a: eBod. Retrieved from http://gis.lebensministerium.at/eBOD/frames/index.php?&146=true&gui_id=eBOD (accessed 24.02.2012). Anonymus 2012b: ZAMG: Klimadaten von Osterreich 1971-2000. Retrieved from http:// www.zamg.ac.at/fix/klima/oe7100/klima2000/klimadaten_oesterreich_1971_frame1. htm (accessed 24.02.2012). Bartha, S., Meiners, S. J., Pickett, S. T. A., Cadenasso, M. L., Scott, J., Steward, T. A. & Mary, L. 2003: Plant colonization windows in a mesic old field succession. Applied

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Can pre-colonisation of the soil substrate increase the efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae)?

Can pre-colonisation of the soil substrate increase the efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae)?

The effects of soil pre-colonisation with entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae and S. arenarium on the mortality of Tenebrio molitor larvae were tested under laboratory conditions. The soil was inhabited with the nematodes for 7 days prior to the addition of the larvae. Nematode concentrations of 50 and 500 infective juveniles per box were used. S. carpocapsae reacted to pre-colonisation negatively and the efficacy decreased at the concentrations tested. S. arenarium showed generally low efficacy against Tenebrio molitor larvae and pre-colonisation showed only a slight positive effect on the efficacy of this species. S. feltiae increased its efficacy at the concentration of 500 infective juveniles per box compared with other tested nematodes.

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