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Interkulturní výzkum poznávacích procesů v díle Michaela Colea

–106. doi: 10.1037/1931-3896.1.2.100 Stamatopoulou, D. (2017). Empathy and the aesthetic: Why does art still move us? Cognitive Processing , 19 (2), 169–186. doi: 10.1007/s10339-017-0836-3 Stamps, A. (2004). Mystery, complexity, legibility and coherence: A meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Psychology , 24 (1), 1–16. doi: 10.1016/S0272-4944(03)00023-9 Swami, V. (2013). Context matters: Investigating the impact of contextual information on aesthetic appreciation of paintings by Max Ernst and Pablo Picasso. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts , 7

Abstract

The paper argues that narrative functions as a valuable resource for thought and also for developing human cognition and mental work. More specifically, the paper outlines an approach to studying narratives as basic cognitive tools for thinking, and thus my contribution will continue to explore several cognitive processes that allow readers to comprehend narrative texts.

Abstract

The paper argues that narrative functions as a valuable resource for thought and also for developing human cognition and mental work. More specifically, the paper outlines an approach to studying narratives as basic cognitive tools for thinking, and thus my contribution will continue to explore several cognitive processes that allow readers to comprehend narrative texts.

Validating Computational Cognitive Process Models across Multiple Timescales

Model comparison is vital to evaluating progress in the fields of artificial general intelligence (AGI) and cognitive architecture. As they mature, AGI and cognitive architectures will become increasingly capable of providing a single model that completes a multitude of tasks, some of which the model was not specifically engineered to perform. These models will be expected to operate for extended periods of time and serve functional roles in real-world contexts. Questions arise regarding how to evaluate such models appropriately, including issues pertaining to model comparison and validation. In this paper, we specifically address model validation across multiple levels of abstraction, using an existing computational process model of unmanned aerial vehicle basic maneuvering to illustrate the relationship between validity and timescales of analysis.

Acquisition 13. 125-168. Geurts, B. 2003. Reasoning with quantifiers. Cognition 86. 223-251. Geurts, B., Katsos, N., Cummins, C., Moons, J. and L. Noordman. 2010. Scalar quantifiers: Logic, acquisition, and processing. Language and Cognitive Processes 25.130-148. Glass, A. L. and K. Holyoak. 1974. The effect of all and some on reaction time for semantic decisions. Memory and Cognition 2. 436-440. Horn, L. 1972. On the semantic properties of the logical operators in English. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Los Angeles. Hurewitz, F., Papafragou, A., Gleitman, L. and R

Abstract

Introduction: Until recently, oxytocin was mainly associated with the pathophysiology of childbirth and sexual functions, but lately this hormone has become the object of interest to psychiatry and psychology due to the significant influence of oxytocin on human behavior in the field of social and emotional functioning. Current scientific research focuses on the participation of oxytocin in the pathogenesis and therapy of mental disorders.

Aim: The aim of the paper is to present, on the basis of available literature, the significance of oxytocin for various psychological functions, with particular emphasis on the influence of oxytocin on the course and clinical picture of schizophrenia.

Method: Available articles from the Medline / PubMed database were analyzed, which were searched using keywords: oxytocin, schizophrenia, therapeutic use of oxytocin, social cognition, positive symptoms, negative symptoms and time descriptors: 2013-2017. There are included articles published in Polish and English.

Results:The research results carried out so far suggest that oxytocin plays a significant role in modulating complex socio-emotional behaviors in schizophrenic patients. The existing research results also indicate a relationship between the dysregulation of the oxytocinergic system and the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Many of the studies prove that there is a relationship between the level of oxytocin in the patients' blood plasma and the severity of the disease symptoms. Recent genetic studies indicate a possible relationship between polymorphism of oxytocin genesand polymorphism of oxytocin receptor genes and the risk of developing schizophrenia.

Conclusions: Contemporary research on the therapeutic potential of oxytocin and its influence on the functioning of schizophrenia patients seem to be very promising and may contribute to increasing the effectiveness of treatment of schizophrenia and possibly other mental disorders, which in turn will improve the quality of life of patients in cognitive, social and emotional functioning.

Abstract

Interface plays an important function in the operational process of modern interactive information technologies. Its task is to enable communication, signal exchange, and cooperation with the human mind. Technological interface is understood as the place where technology and software operating a computer must enter into interaction with the mind. The response is provided by the mind, which communicates with the machine performing the tasks imposed by the mind. The technology with its complexities can be a problem for the operator, but on the other hand, the person can also be a problem for the technology by vague and unspecified tasks transferred for execution. I would like to view various aspects of the functioning of the interface by analyzing the four modalities: perceptual modality, associated with memory and experience, with the expectations of users, and conceptual modality related to understanding of the technology by the user.

Abstract

Most young people have to adapt to society. More and more students have gaps in the communicative act, no real conditions about material or spiritual are known. More serious is that it is a very high percentage while it is dedicated to new technologies, while allocated it is being recreated in nature being increasingly reduced, reaching the final young people having problems adapting the place where they are in society. Building a connection between education and the environment, strengthening the connections between people and the influence of nature can have the physical health of the person but also mental health. Awareness of climate change for the last period and the desire for an opera can use phenomena that can be protected from the natural desert, produced more and more often.

space in an avian brain. In C. Carel ten Cate & S. D. Healy (Eds.), Avian cognition (pp. 141–162). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Vallortigara, G., Regolin, L., & Marconato, F. (2005). Visually inexperienced chicks exhibit a spontaneous preference for biological motion patterns. PLOS Biology, 3 (7), 1312–1316. (e208). Wagner, A. (1978). Expectancies and the priming of STM. In S. H. Hulse, H. Fowler, & R. Honig (Eds.), Cognitive processes in animal behaviour (pp. 177–209). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Yamaguchi, S., Aoki, N., Kitajima, T., Iikubo, E