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Climate Variability and Livestock Production in Nigeria: Lessons for Sustainable Livestock Production

References Adams R., McCarl B., Segerson K., Rosenzweig C., Bryant, K.J., Dixon, B. L., Conner R., Everson R.E., Ojima D. (1999): The economic effect of climate change on United States agriculture. In: R Mendelsohn, J Neuman (Eds.): The Impact of Climate Change on the United States Economy.: Cambridge University, pp. 18-54. Adejuwon S.A. (2004): Impact of climate variability and climate change on crop yield in Nigeria. Contributed Paper to Stakeholders Workshop on Assessment of Impact and Adaptation to Climate Change (AIACC): 2

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Intra-annual climate variability and malaria transmission in Nigeria

Abstract

This study develops an integrated innovation for malaria early warning systems (MEWS), based on vulnerability monitoring, seasonal climate variability data, and epidemiologic surveillance. The main aim of the study is to examine the relationship between intra-annual climate variability and malaria transmission in Nigeria. For this study, climatic conditions considered suitable for the development of the malaria parasite and its transmission through the mosquito stage of its life cycle are temperatures within the range from 18°C to 32°C. Below 18°C the parasite development decreases significantly, while above 32°C the survival of the mosquito is compromised. Relative humidity greater than 60% is also considered a requirement for the mosquito to survive long enough for the parasite to develop sufficiently to be transmitted to its human host stage. The research findings show that seasonality of climate greatly influences the seasonality of malaria transmission. Specifically, rainfall plays an important role in the distribution and maintenance of breeding sites for the mosquito vector. Rainfall and surface water is required for the egg laying and larval stages of the mosquito life cycle and monthly rainfall above 80 mm is considered a requirement. Also, it is temperature that regulates the development rate of both the mosquito larvae and the malaria parasite (Plasmodium species) within the mosquito host. Relative humidity and temperature play an important role in the survival and longevity of the mosquito vector. This study is in conformity with the findings of the IPCC (2001) that malaria is caused by four distinct species of the Plasmodium parasite, transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, which are most abundant in tropical/subtropical regions, although they are also found in limited numbers in temperate climates.

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The Influence of European Climate Variability Mechanism on Air Temperatures in Romania

, J. Geophys. Res., 200, 193-200. Tomozeiu, (R.), Busuioc (A.), Stefan (S.), 2002 - Changes in seasonal mean maximum air temperature in Romania and their connection with large-scale circulation, International Journal of Climatology 22:1181-1196. von Storch (H.), 1995 - Spatial patterns. EOFs and CCA. Analysis of Climate Variability. Application of Statistical Techniques, Springer Verlag: 227-258. Wilks (SD.), 1995 - Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences. Int.Geophysics Series, vol. 59. Academic Press: 467 pp.

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Perceived synergy between deforestation and/or forest degradation and climate variability and change in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality, Ghana

’s Livelihoods . The Netherlands Climate. Assistance Programme: Accra, Ghana. Egbe C.A., Yaro M.A., Okon A.E., Bisong F.E. 2014. Rural Peoples’ Perception to Climate Variability/Change in Cross River State-Nigeria. J. Sustain. Dev ., 7, 2. ISSN 1913-9063 E-ISSN 1913-9071. Etikan I., Musa S.A., Alkassim R.S. 2016. Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling. Am. J. Theoretical Appl. Stat ., 5(1): 1–4. DOI: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) 2005. FAO Statistical database 2005 available at http

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Assessment of the influences of climate variability on nitrogen leaching rate into groundwater

Abstract

This article presents preliminary model results of climate change impact on biogeochemical processes in soil. With the use of DNDC (DeNitrification-DeComposition) model, a simulation with climate data over seventy years period (1947-2016) from central part of Slovenia has been carried out. Amongst assessed sources of variability, time variability has been estimated to around 10% of the total annual nitrogen leaching. In some cases, a statistically significant downward trend was observed with a 5 kg reduction in nitrogen per hectare in seventy years period. This study represents the first quantitative assessment of nitrogen leaching variability due to precipitation and air temperature variability in three representative soil profiles in the central Slovenia. It offers a starting point for future regional research for the purpose of farming practice optimization, especially in catchment areas of major regional water resources in Slovenia.

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The influence of non-stationarity in extreme hydrological events on flood frequency estimation

analysis in continental Spanish rivers, using climate and reservoir indices as external covariates. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 3189–3203. McLeod, A.I., 2011. Kendall: Kendall rank correlation and Mann-Kendall trend test. R package version 2.2. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=Kendall . Mediero et al., 2015. Identification of coherent flood regions across Europe by using the longest streamflow records. Journal of Hydrology, 528, 341–360. Menih, M., Bezak, N., Šraj, M., 2015. The influence of the climate variability on the results of the flood

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Analysis of forest fire and climate variability using Geospatial Technology for the State of Telangana, India

. A Geospatial Analysis of Climate variability and its impact on Forest Fire: A case study in Orissa state of India. Spatial Information Research , 26, 6: 587–598. Ahmad F., Goparaju L., Qayum A. 2018. Himalayan forest fire characterization in relation to topography, socio-economy and meteorology parameters in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Spatial Information Research , 26, 3: 305–315. Ahmad F., Goparaju L., Qayum A., Quli S.M.S. 2017. Forest fire trend analysis and effect of environmental parameters: A study in Jharkhand State of India using Geospatial

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Forest Fire Trend and Influence of Climate Variability in India: A Geospatial Analysis at National and Local Scale

–902. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00492.x. Meinke, H. & Stone R.C. (2005). Seasonal and inter-annual climate forecasting: The new tool for increasing preparedness to climate variability and change in agricultural planning and operations. Clim. Change , 70, 221–253. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-5948-6. Moritz, M.A., Morais, M.E., Summerell, L.A., Carlson, J.M. & Doyle J. (2005). Wildfires, complexity, and highly optimized tolerance. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA , 102(50), 17912–17917. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0508985102. Mouillot, F., Rambal, S. & Joffre R. (2002

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Regional climatic changes and small river’s water quality in Republic of Moldova’s south (Danube River basin)

Abstract

Climate variability in decades requires detailed research aspect basin in order to take account of climate change attested, both in making various decisions applicative and at proper adaptation to these changes. Previous research results obtained in this section indicates that territory most vulnerable to climate change is largely located within the Danube basin within the territory of the Republic of Moldova. Therefore, the purpose of the proposed research in this paper was to record some changes in the current period and which are forecasts on thermal regime and precipitation in the scale time 2016-2035.

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Regional Climate Change and Surface Waters

Abstract

The actual period marred by the global warming requires expanding our knowledge on the regional particularities of climate changes manifestations as consequences of global climatic changes. It was stated that within the limits of Republic of Moldova’s territory the pace of warming is much more accelerated than the global one. These consequences, in their turn, had led to the increase in degree of evaporation of surface waters, which had conditioned the doubling of still water’s pollution in the region (Lake Beleu). We consider that the obtained results could contribute to the adequate management of water resources in the new climatic conditions.

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