: Planning and Design, 27(4), pp. 483-484.
Benner, J., Geiger, A., Gröger, G., Häfele, K., & Löwner, M. (2013). Enhanced LOD concepts for virtual 3D citymodels. ISPRS annals of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences. In: Proceedings of the ISPRS 8th 3D GeoInfo Conference & WG II/2 Workshop, 27-29 November 2013, Istanbul, Turkey.
Benner, J., Geiger, A., & Leinemann, K. (2005). Flexible generation of semantic 3D building models. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Next Generation 3D CityModels
The issue of city modelling is very essential these days and it is important to analyse the legal framework and its practical implications in the process of city modelling. However, the practice of urban design in Lithuania is based on two-dimensional solutions and the artistic factor is overlooked. The article reviews the legal basis of Lithuanian urban planning and design and their practical implications and emphasizes the necessity of artistic factor during the process of city modelling.
The 3D citymodels are of crucial importance for the realization of city projects dealing with the third spatial dimension (elevation), for example, urban and spatial planning, environmental simulations or disaster management. Semantic 3D citymodels offer a reliable and increasingly available virtual representation of real world objects in an urban context ( Willenborg et al., 2018 ). A comprehensive overview of applications of 3D citymodels is given by Biljecki et al. (2015) .
The most important international standard that is used to
Subject and purpose of work: The goal of the article is to characterize the “slow city” model, its assumptions, conditions and effects of its implementation in Polish conditions. It also aims to present intelligent solutions in using own resources of small cities.
Materials and methods: The article was based on the study and synthesis of Polish and foreign literature and a review of strategic documents of Polish cities belonging to Cittaslow.
Results: The article fills the existing gap in the area of contemporary strategies for the development of small towns. It describes the “slow city” model, on the basis of which small cities belonging to the Cittaslow city network are developing. Intelligent solutions in the use of endogenous own resources of small cities are also presented.
Conclusions: The analysis carried out made it possible to state that the “slow city” model is useful in the development of small towns. It guarantees optimal and intelligent use of endogenous resources of a small town. However, the review of the strategic documents of the cities of “slow city” shows that these cities affect, like most small cities, negative socio-economic phenomena.
In 2010, the capital of Haiti was devastated by an earthquake that seemed to provide the opportunity for the country, as well as foreign donors, to put Port-au-Prince on the track of an ordered, planned urban policy, in line with its multi-risk context. Prior to the earthquake, the lack of a legal framework for urban planning was called into question. In its wake, speeches making the capital the emblem of a new ‘sustainable’ start have flourished. The European Union, the main donor of funds for Haiti, has embarked on a programme of support for reconstruction, but with what results three years later? The paper proposes to approach the limitations of the ‘sustainable city’ model, conditioned by spatiotemporal continuity. The systemic functioning underlying urban sustainability clashes with the context of Port-au-Prince, where spatial division and temporal discontinuity are determinant. In spite of itself, aid and its operation by projects, seems to enforce urban fragmentation and dissonance.
The road network development programme, as well as planning and design of transport systems of cities and agglomerations require complex analyses and traffic forecasts. It particularly applies to higher-class roads (motorways and expressways), which in urban areas, support different types of traffic. Usually there is a conflict between the needs of long-distance traffic, in the interest of which higher-class roads run through undeveloped areas, and the needs of bringing such road closer to potential destinations, cities . By recognising the importance of this problem it is necessary to develop the research and methodology of traffic analysis, especially trip models. The current experience shows that agglomeration models are usually simplified in comparison to large city models, what results from misunderstanding of the significance of these movements for the entire model functioning, or the lack of input data. The article presents the INMOP 3 research project results, within the framework of which it was attempted to increase the accuracy of traffic generation in agglomeration model owing to the use of BigData – the mobile operator’s data on SIM card movements in the Warsaw agglomeration.
Urban regeneration with a view to efficient use of urban areas has been a strategy for urban development for decades. Densification is used as a planning approach to promote the implementation of the compact city model and to discourage urban sprawl. The central parts of the city are usually of high density, so the areas outside the city’s historic centre are seen as potential sites for urban densification. In many European cities large-scale residential areas built after the Second World War occupy a significant part of the territory outside of the city’s historic centres. Today, these housing areas are in most cases sleeping areas with great potential for development. Densification of urban areas outside of urban nuclei is not an easy task, and deals with a whole series of challenges.
The paper examines the existing approaches focused on densification in large housing estates. In order to define the typical challenges of this process, the examples of infill developments in large housing area Imanta in Riga are analysed. The analysis of infill development in Imanta showed four possible approaches. Some approaches contribute to the improvement of public space for neighbourhood inhabitants in general, still some approaches tend to isolate the new development and inhabitants from the surrounding territory.
Camelia Gavrilă, Florinela Ardelean, Adriana Coman and Elena Burchiu
., Mayer E., Colda I. (2000). Analytical determination and classification of pollutant concentration fields using air pollution monitoring network data. Methodology and application in the Paris area, during episodes with peak nitrogen dioxide levels. Environmental Modelling & Software 15 , 565-573.
 Chandra M. P., Praveen K. M., Jayarama R. S. (2003). Monitoring of air pollution in indian metropolitan cities: modeling and quality indexing. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 21 , 365-382.
 The Romanian Auto Registry
Biljecki, F., Ledoux, H., Stoter, J., 2016. An improved LOD specification for 3D building models: Computers, Environment and Urban Systems.
Dorninger, P. & Pfeifer, N., 2008. A Comprehensive Automated 3D Approach for Building Extraction, Reconstruction, and Regularization from Airborne Laser Scanning Point Clouds. Sensors. Vol. 8:11. pp. 7323-7343. DOI: 10.3390/s8117323. ISSN 1424-8220.
Gröger, G. & Plümer, L., 2012. CityGML – Interoperable semantic 3D citymodels. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Vol. 71. pp 12
Systems and Digital Spaces. Spon Press. London.
Lazaroiu G.C., Roscia M. 2012. Definition Methodology for the Smart CityModel. Energy., 47(1): 326-332.
Murray A., Minevich M., Abdoullaev A. 2011. Being Smart about Smart Cities. Searcher, 19(8), Special section.
Parkins W., Craig G. 2006. Slow living. Berg. Oxford, New York.
Roseland M. 1997. Dimensions of the eco city. [in:] Cities. Elsevier Sci. Ltd. 14(4): 199-202.
Rysz K. 2013. Spatial planning in Ruda Śląska (master thesis), Univ. Econ