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: Oxford University Press. BUDIHARSANA, M. (2003): Female Circumcision in Indonesia: Extent, Implications and Possible Interventions to Uphold Women’s Health Rights. Jakarta: Population Council. DOUGLAS, M. (1966): Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London and New York: Routledge. FEILLARD, A. and MARCOES, L. (1998): Female Circumcision in Indonesia: To “Islamize” in Ceremony or Secrecy. In. Archipel, volume 56 (1998), L'horizon nousantarien. [The Nusantarian Horizon]. FOUCALT, M. (1975): Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New

Abstract

Cyril of Alexandria was a prolific biblical commentator who underscored the meaning and relevance of the Old Testament for Christian theology by employing a typological method of interpretation. His exegetical concern was to demonstrate that everything associated with the old covenant- people, events, commandments, institutions-were types and shadows foretelling the ‘mystery of Christ’. The key to understanding the types of the Old Testament is to recognize their soteriological fulfillment in the person and work of Jesus Christ. Throughout his exegetical writings, Cyril draws particular attention to the Jewish rite of circumcision, showing how the physical operation signifies the saving work of Christ through the Spirit. Cyril does not interpret circumcision in a monolithic sense, but derives multiple soteriological meanings from it. Insofar as circumcision represents a variety of saving realities for Cyril, it helps us understand his complex, multi-faceted doctrine of salvation.

onset of the first known haemorrhagic manifestation was five months (1 month; 18 months). The average age at diagnosis was four years, although and the mean time to diagnosis was six years (3 days; 16 years). The most common first known bleeding episode was haemorrhage during circumcision, occurring in 12 of the 19 patients. The diagnosis of haemophilia was mentioned and established during circumcision in three patients. Haemophilic arthropathy was present at diagnosis in seven cases, with the main location being the knees (7/7), followed by elbows (5/7) and ankles (1

©Shutterstock An estimated one in three males worldwide is circumcised [ 1 ] . In Israel the vast majority of the population is either Jewish or Islamic; ritual circumcision has been practiced by Jews and Muslims for centuries. Due to religious, traditional and cultural reasons, circumcision is the most frequent surgical procedure performed. Currently, most males in Israel are circumcised as neonates, with more than 70 circumcisions performed daily [ 2 ] . The vast majority of patients with haemophilia in Israel are circumcised as neonates. Neonatal

Abstract

A surgery of ritual circumcision in healthy young boys is usually a safe procedure. However, an outbreak of severe sepsis a few hours after surgery in patients who underwent this minor procedure is described and analyzed in this report. We describe the clinical course and discuss the causes of the sepsis and septic shock. Contamination of propofol, the intravenous anesthetic agent, was suspected as a probable cause. However, the most important question that had appeared from this case is the prognostic outcome regarding the delayed treatment of severe sepsis

haemophilia before her UK-born child was diagnosed following a religious circumcision aged two weeks, she said “No idea, I don’t have any clue about it at all”. Figure 2 The family tree for M3 However now she comprehends “it’s all about blood disorder when the blood doesn’t clot properly I am trying to manage but it’s not something that is easy. I mean coping with it, it’s not really easy because you can’t really leave him with another person”. When asked about her experiences compared to those of her sisters she said “my UK son is fine he is 100% fine, he can do anything

References 1. Faurci AS, Folkers GK. Investing to meet the scientific challenges of HIV/AIDS. Health Affairs. 2009; 28: 1629-41. 2. Rotheram-Borus MJ, Swendeman D, Chovmnick G. The past, present and future of HIV prevention: Integrating behavioral, biomedical and structural intervention strategies for the next generation of HIV prevention. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2009; 5:143-67. 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.032408.153530 3. Auvert B, Taljaard D, Lagarde E, Sobngwi-Tambekou J, Sitta R, et al. Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction

Résumée

Cet article examine les constructions de sens (frames) autour de l’excision et de la chirurgie esthétique génitale, par l’exemple de la nymphoplastie. L’analyse porte sur des entretiens menés auprès d’experts ayant une connaissance approfondie des pratiques de modification génitale en Suisse. Les résultats montrent que l’excision et la nymphoplastie sont placées dans un rapport de « miroir inversé », où la nymphoplastie est décrite par des caractéristiques positives alors que l’excision représente son miroir négatif. Par conséquent, cet article argumente que le débat sur les « mutilations génitales féminines » en Suisse reproduit l’allégorie du « Nous versus les Autres », conformément à la rhétorique du nationalisme sexuel.

References 1. Senol MG, Sen B, Karademir K, Sen H, Saraçoğlu M. The effect of male circumcision on pudendal evoked potentials and sexual satisfaction. Acta Neurol Belg. 2008;108(3):90-3. 2. Rosen RC. Sexual function assessment in the male: physiological and self-report measures. Int J Impot Res. 1998;10(2):59-63. 3. Alyaev YG, Akhvlediani ND. [Comparing efficacy of selective penile denervation and circumcision for primary premature ejaculation]. Urologiia. 2016;(1 (supp)):60-4. Russian. 4. Dimitrov P, Panchev P, Simeonov P, Vasilev V, Georgiev M, Yanev K

law). Ceremonies of the old law are the precepts of the Mosaic law that concern the worship of God. STh I-II, q. 99, a. 3, ad 2. These ceremonies include the “sacraments” of circumcision, Passover, and dietary regulations. In STh I-II, q. 101, a. 4, Aquinas divides the ceremonies of the old law into four categories: 1) sacrificia or sacrifices; 2) sacra or sacred things; 3) sacramenta or sacraments; and 4) observantiae or observances. All of these categories are referred to together as caeremoniae veteris legis. The 1) sacrificia include sacrificial animals