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The Górale of the Polish highlands are seen as a people apart from the rest of Poles. They are afforded this special status through the romanticisation as Poland’s very own “noble savages” by the writers and travellers of the 19th century. This was the time of Poland’s search for nationhood (when its territory was occupied by Russia, Prussia and Austria). The Górale have always been described, even in those early accounts, as pastoralists.

During the season, when the sheep went up to the alpine pastures, the villages were almost deserted. In the 20th century the pastoral system dissolution took place starting with the establishment of national parks after the Second World War. Further unfavourable developments decimated what was left of it since the late 1980s. As a result of the dissolution of the pastoral system the Górale chose to amplify their internal unity by strengthening the ethnic identity. The revival of pastoralism as it currently presents itself today, may be seen as yet another rallying call around Górale identity. It is a come back to the pastoralist “core” of the highland culture, while changing and re-inventing the tradition to suit new economic, social and political circumstances.

In the Polish pastoralist tradition there have always been two seminal community events which bracketed the winter season. There was the autumn event of “Redyk Jesienny” when the sheep brought back from the summer alpine pastures were given back to their owners and there was also a spring event of “Mieszanie Owiec” which literally means the Mixing of Sheep. Historically, they were very important events of the pastoral calendar, while the pastoral system itself has been crucial fixture and backbone of the social system of the Górale people. The paper examines how these traditions changed from old ethnographic descriptions and how they are being re-invented in the context of reaffirming the Górale identity today.


Serbian migrants living transnational lives consciously or unconsciously move between visibility and invisibility in their performance of migrant success stories. Cases in point are public festivals, performed to make visible migrants’ successful inclusion in Danish society, i.e. celebrating invisibility. Meanwhile, other celebrations are consciously relegated to the invisible confines of the Serbian homeland. This article analyses celebrations in Denmark and in Serbia and shows how visible displays of ethnicity and difference tend to turn into easily palatable heritage versions of Serbian culture when performed in a Danish context. In turn, the visibility acquired through celebrations of migrants’ belonging in their homeland is inclined to render invisible those who did not take part in the migration experience.

References Alasonati Tašárová Z., Bielik M., Götze H.-J., 2008: Stripped image of the gravity field of the Carpathian-Pannonian region based on the combined interpretation of the CELEBRATION 2000 data. Geologica Carpathica, 59, 3, 199-209. Alasonati Tašárová Z., Afonso J. C., Bielik M., Götze H.-J., Hók J., 2009: The lithospheric structure of the Western Carpathian-Pannonian region based on the CELEBRATION 2000 seismic experiment and gravity modeling. Tectonophysics, 475, 454-469, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.06.03. Alasonati Tašárová Z., Fullea J., Bielik M


The aim of this paper is to present the form of celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Czechoslovak Republic. The physical culture association Sokol played an important role in the foundation of the republic and became part of the Slovak civil associations scene in 1918. The XVIth All-Sokol Ralley (Všesokolský zlet) in 2018 was one of the official events dedicated to the celebration of Czechoslovakia’s anniversary. For this occasion, the Slovak-Czech piece of motion music „Spolu” (“Together”) was composed. Based on participatory observation of the rehearsals in the role of a trainee, as well as interviews with the author of the music and observations at the All-Sokol Ralley, I have explored the symbolism of the celebration and reflected on the participation of Slovak women in this event.

Acta Educationis Generalis volume 7, 2017, issue 2 DOI: 10.1515/atd-2017-0020 115 Prof. PhDr. Jiří Mareš, CSc. On the Occasion of His Jubilee Celebrations Hana Lukášová – Tomáš Svatoš Received: May 15, 2017; accepted: Mary 16, 2017 Dear Professor, it is hard to believe that you are celebrating another of life’s major anniversaries. In this message of congratulation, we would like to look back over selected milestones in that long part of your life’s journey on which we have had the honour to meet you, ask you for interviews or even

The article discusses the subject of celebrating International Women’s Day in the Polish People’s Republic (1952-1989). The author aims at showing the importance of this day in the public space – specifically in state enterprises. The article mainly attempts to assess whether those celebrations were inspired by the communist authorities and used to achieve some short- and long-term social goals, or if they allowed to establish or re-establish some kind of trust for the party in power. Empirical data are used to illustrate the phenomenon. The author points

THEATRICAL COLLOQUIA 247 DOI Number: 10.2478/tco-2018-0019 Ten Discontents of Romanian Theatre Călin CIOBOTARI Abstract: Any celebration is, or it should be, an opportunity to meditate on what is being celebrated. Otherwise, the celebration remains merely formal and inconsistent. What is the meaning of one hundred years of Romanian theatre? A sum of fulfillment and unfulfillment, of satisfactions and dissatisfactions, a whole set of faces which can describe a history in a pleasant way throughout time. In the next lines we are trying to place

References Alasonati Tašárová Z., Afonso J. C., Bielik M., Götze H. J., Hók J., 2009: The lithospheric structure of the Western Carpathian-Pannonian Basin region based on the CELEBRATION 2000 seismic experiment and gravity modeling. Tectonophysics, 475 , 454–469. Alasonati Tašárová Z., Fullea J., Bielik M.,Środa P., 2016. Lithospheric structure of Central Europe: Puzzle pieces from Pannonian Basin to Trans-European Suture Zone resolved by geophysical-petrological modelling. Tectonics, 35 , 1–32, doi: 10.1002/2015TC003935. Behm M., Brückl E., Mitterbauer U


This year, the National Museum celebrated its 200th anniversary. Large celebrations was realized, just like five decades ago, when the museum celebrated its 150th anniversary. During these celebrations, the National Museum received a state award – the Order of the Republic. After the revolution, this order was “forgotten,” and for years it had been left unnoticed in the Numismatic Department.

MUSICALIA 1–2 / 2016, 139–148 Musicalia 1–2 / 2016 139 Musical Events at the Prague Convent of Elizabethan Nuns in 1776 Jakub Michl In 1776, the convent of Elizabethan Nuns in Prague’s New Town was commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of two events: the profession of the former Mother Superior M. Deodata a Presentatione B. V. Mariae OSE (née Anna Justina von Klausniz) and the laying of the foundation stone of the convent building. The celebrations of this dual anniversary were also reflected in the institution’s musical life. There was a performance at