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stakeholder relational ontology. International Journal of Project Management , 32, 1108–1122. Mok, K. Y, Shen, G. Q., and Yang, J. (2015). Stakeholder management studies in mega construction projects: A review and future directions. International Journal of Project Management, 33, 446–457. Ogunseemi, D. R. and Jagboro, G. O. (2006). Time and cost model for building projects in Nigeria. Construction Management and Economics , 24 (3) 253-258. Olander, S. and Landin, A. (2005). Evaluation of stakeholder influence in the implementation of construction projects

Abstract

The problem of delay is a regular phenomenon in construction projects all around the world and the Malaysian building projects has no exclusion. The aim of this paper is to determine and rank the effects of delay in Malaysian building projects with respect to their Relative Importance Index. Literature review and questionnaire survey were used to gather data for this study. A thorough literature review was performed to identify the common effects of delays in building construction projects. A questionnaire was distributed among key project participants; contractors, clients and consultants, to rank the effects of delay in Malaysian building projects based on the perception of survey respondents. In total 300 questionnaires were distributed, as a result of 240 questionnaires were received. The collected data of questionnaire survey was analysed using statistical software SPSS. In total, 17 effects of the delays have been determined and findings from the survey revealed that time overrun, cost overrun, dispute, loss of profit, arbitration, claims, contract termination, litigation, poor quality of work, and total project abandonment were the main effects of delay in Malaysian building projects. The findings of this study might encourage construction stakeholders to focus on the issue of delays in building projects.

Abstract

In Nigerian, public building projects (PBPs) failure and abandonment constitutes one of the hindrances to the development of the nation’s economic system. Therefore, the links between PBPs management success and the built environment professionals (BEPs) is becoming an important field of attention. This study evaluates the application of project planning techniques in PBPs in Nigeria and project planning challenges related to their successful delivery. Review of relevant literature combined with experts’ input revealed twenty three factors; this form the basis for designing a questionnaire adopted to collect relevant data from BEPs. Findings identified poor strategic project planning aligned to project success, unrealistic expectation and overly bureaucratic hiccups from project initiators as the most critical factors influencing project management practices (PMP) affecting success in PBP delivery. The study suggests that unsuccessful project delivery is a reflection of inappropriately applied project planning techniques leading to serious project planning challenges.

the poor performance of its construction industry, “getting it right” from the very beginning, through the adoption of the right procurement system is necessary if projects are to be delivered within the client’s budget and schedule. Based on this knowledge, this paper focusses on the cost and time performance of selected public building projects in Nigeria, procured using the traditional, direct labour and management procurement systems. The rationale for selecting these three procurement options is based on the premise that, while the traditional procurement is

stage elemental cost plan in building procurement: A New Zealand study. 9 th CIDB Postgraduate Conference, Emerging Trends in Construction Organisational Practices and Project Management Knowledge Area , Cape Town, South Africa. Adedokun O. A., Aje, I. O., and Agboola, O. (2019). Investigation into the Severity of Factors Pre-disposing Projects to Risks in Nigeria. Journal of Building Performance , 10(1), 59-67. Adu, E. and Anjiba, D. I. (2015). Risk factors affecting cost estimate of building projects in Akwa Ibom State Nigeria: Contractors and consultants

drawbacks that were not discovered from the literature. Part 3 was designed to gather cost data of labour-only construction projects that the respondents have been involved in the past. This was aimed at assessing the performance of building projects procured through the use of labour only in terms of cost. Data gathered on the background information were analysed using percentage, while the data gathered on the type of building projects suitable for the system, benefits and drawbacks of the system were analysed using mean item score (MIS). To determine the significant

necessary and timely corrections. As these indicators are obtained at a certain period of time after execution, they are known as post-mortem; thus, it is necessary to use Leading Indicators that will help achieve the expected goals. The review of the current state of indicators in the construction sector shows that it is usual to mistake these three types of indicators in literature. For this reason, this article proposes a Control Panel with a Result Indicators group oriented to building projects, and it then develops the Process and Leading Indicators for each phase of

©2020 S. Eikemeier. This is an open access article licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivs License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). https://doi.org/10.2478/9788395669699-010 57 PREVENTION OF OVERHEATING RISK: ASSESSMENT OF A BUILDING PROJECT WITH LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION IN AUSTRIA Sören Eikemeier1, Robert Wimmer2 and Ardeshir Mahdavi3 1 Center for Appropriate Technology, TU Vienna, Wiedner Hauptstraße 8-10, 1040 Vienna, Austria, Email: se@grat.at 2 Center for Appropriate Technology, TU Vienna

conference 21 st -23 st June 2005 (pp. 43-62), Leiden-Boston. Netzer, E. (1980). “Herod's Building Projects-State Necessity or Personal Necessity?” Cathedra 15 . Pp. 38-51 (Hebrew). Netzer, E. (1981. Greater Herodium (Qedem 13) , Jerusalem. Netzer, E (1986). “The Main Excavation Area: Description and Stratigraphy”, In: Levine and Netzer (eds.) Excavations at Caesarea Maritima:1975, 1976, 1979-Final Report, (Quedem 21) (pp. 16-65), Jerusalem. Netzer, E. (2006). The Architecture of Herod the Great Builder , Tubingen. Peleg-Barkat, O (2007). The Herodian Architectural

of identified bonds, contract duration and cost of securing identified bonds, contract duration and time taken to secure bonds, contract cost and cost of identified bonds, contract cost and cost of securing identified bonds, as well as contract cost and time taken to secure bonds. Relevant and required data on completed bonded building projects were collected under the following headings: name of project, location of the project, method of contract, procurement method, cost of different bonds (bid, performance, advance payment and retention) of the project, delay