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, Warszawa 2004. Swarz M., Sonin K., A theory of brinkmanship, conflicts, and commitmens , “The Journal of Law, Economics, & Organizations” 2007, 24 (1).

Abstract

The rise of China has aroused heated debates on whether the country would become the “revisionist” power in challenging the supreme position of the “status quo” power, the United States. This paper aims to examine whether the rise of China would, firstly, empower Beijing to solve the long-term crisis in the Korean Peninsula, and secondly, complicates the picture in solving the difficult historical and political issues in Sino-Japanese relations. It is argued that the increasing economic and military capabilities of China are not instrumental in fostering significant changes within North Korea and in monitoring the external behavior of its leaders. A more nationalistic China which lacks soft power also hinders a favorable solution to the challenges of Sino-Japanese relations.

Abstract

Discourse on the Six Party Talks has focused solely on denuclearisation. Through the power struggles of the members and the refusal of the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (DPRK) to return to negotiations, the Six Party Talks have been stalled since 2008. Due to current increased tensions and the use of brinkmanship tactics the Talks must be restarted, albeit under a reformed shape. This paper analyses the potential role of the EU in furthering the peace process in Northeast Asia. This paper suggests that the EU needs to be more assertive and the Talks should focus on building trust and cooperation, not on the DPRK’s nuclear program. With its impartiality, experience in integration and use of soft power, the EU can act as an effective mediator building trust.

of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy in New Zealand Newspapers (2004-2005),” in P. Anderson & G. Wiessala (eds.) The European Union and Asia: Reflections and Re-orientations, Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 55-82. Chaban, N.; Sammon, S. & Condren, J. (2010), “Europe’s Act of Brinkmanship? New Zealand and the EU Constitution,” in A. M. Arranz, N. J. Doyle, & P. Winand (eds.) New Europe, New World? The European Union, Europe and the Challenges of the 21st Century, Brussels, etc.: PIE Peter Lang, pp. 249-278. Chaban, N.; Stats, K.; Bain, J. & Machin, F. (2005), ‘Past

involvement of banks – notably German and French ones – in the financing of “peripheral” countries’ public debt. Brinkmanship and ultima ratio become dangerous strategies in a never-ending negotiation, and “austerity plus structural reforms” are regarded – and start to be questioned – as the sole viable medicines. Finally, the Fiscal Compact and the European Financial Stability Facility (then European Stability Mechanism) are the pillars on which Angela Merkel has tried to redesign Europe, overcoming the distinction between Intergovernmental and Community method to

Medicine at University of Massachusetts Medical School. In this breathtaking view of over fifty years of memory research, the reader not only evidences brinkmanship on the cutting edge of neuroscience, but also a tour de force on memory, emotion, identity moral normativity. The creativity and perspicacity of the analysis is woven together with a treasure trove of classical writers, whose time-tested insights shed light on this topic in a way that most could never have imagined. This is the first philosophical monograph on the ethics of memory manipulation

context, intent, and the perception of the action’s target, giving rise to competing perspectives: we are already at [grey zone] war and should act accordingly versus we are doing our utmost to avoid [full-scale military] war. In terms of classical deterrence theory, grey zone conflict can be characterized as low-level brinksmanship, testing a defender’s commitment before further escalating to a substantive status quo challenge ( George and Smoke, 1974 ). Grey zone conflict is also consistent with the stability–instability paradox: the greater the emphasis on

borders and national sovereignty, for example) yields to political standoffs, brinkmanship and, sometimes, economic consequences like a government shutdown or, finally, a full-scale political insurgency of anti-democratic parties. Recent scholarly volumes on the current climate describe its pathos as a politics of “fear” or “horror,” precisely because anxiety, suspicion, and intolerance have beleaguered citizens on both sides of the divide, showing we are unable to cope with pluralism, and specifically, religious and ethnic differences ( Bivins 2008 ; Nussbaum 2013

ideal type preceded real life activities and created tensions. The establishment of civilian control was not an easy task. There was an accident during the summer in 1993, when a group of volunteers disobeyed orders of their superiors and went out of the barracks. With the help of some brinkmanship and negotiations the crises were over in a few months. Howe- ver, it was a reminder that to control the military will not be easy. Some of the officers were keen to be active politically.73 Going over the pages of the military journal Kardas (Saber) it easy to see