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Chemical signals and reconstruction of life strategies from ancient human bones and teeth - problems and perspectives

Chemical signals and reconstruction of life strategies from ancient human bones and teeth - problems and perspectives

Chemical analyses of historical and prehistoric bone material provide us with a complex body of knowledge in bioarcheological studies. These can be used for reconstructing diet, migration, climate changes and the weaning process. The analysis of enamel, dentin and bones allows researchers to gather data on life strategies of an individual by retrospectively tracing his ontogenetic phases. This is made possible through knowledge of the mineralization periods of permanent and deciduous teeth while simultaneously taking account of differences between enamel, dentin and bone remodelling rates, dependent on the age of the individual. Yet, the large interpretative potential of isotope analyses of bone material is severely limited by diagenesis. The accurate recording of diagenetic changes in historical human bone material is a current main trend in bioarcheological research. Today, a highly specialised set of research tools is used for verifying whether bones unearthed at archeological sites are suitable for isotope tests. Isotope determinations are pivotal in this research as reconstructions of paleodiets or migrations of our ancestors can be based only on material that has been maintained intact in sufficient proportions post mortem.

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Light Stable Isotope Analysis of Diet in Corded Ware Culture Communities: Święte, Jarosław District, South-Eastern Poland

REFERENCES Ambrose S.H. 1990 Preparation and characterization of bone and tooth collagen for isotopic analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science 17: 431-451. 1993 Isotopic analysis of paleodiets: methodological and interpretative considerations. In: M.K. Sandford (Eds) Investigations of Ancient Human Tissue Chemical Analyses in Anthropology, 59-130. Langhorne. Ambrose S. H., Krigbaum J. 2003 Bone chemistry and bioarchaeology. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 22: 193-199. Bednarek R., Jankowski M. 2014 Charakterystyka

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Radicals initiated by gamma rays in selected amino acids and collagen

-5463.2001.00114.x. 8. Davies, M. J. (2016). Protein oxidation and peroxidation. Biochem . J ., 473 , 805–825. doi.org/10.1042/BJ20151227N. 9. Szpak, P. (2011). Fish bone chemistry and ultra-structure: Implications for taphonomy and stable isotope analysis. J. Arch. Sci. , 38 (12), 3358–3372. doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2011.07.022. 10. Chipara, M., Reyes-Romero, J., Ignat, M., Constantinescu, B., & Secu, C. (2003). ESR studies on collagen irradiated with protons. Polym. Degrad. Stab. , 80 , 45–49. doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(02)00381-6. 11. Bowes, J. H

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Diet and society in Poland before the state: stable isotope evidence from a Wielbark population (2nd c. AD)

England by stable isotope analysis. J Archaeol Sci 32:39-48. Murray ML, Schoeninger MJ. 1988. Diet, status, and complex social structure in Iron Age Central Europe: some contributions of the bone chemistry. In: Tribe and polity in late prehistoric Europe. Gibson DB and Geselowitz MN, editors. New York: Plenum Press. 155-76. Nielsen-Marsh CM, Hedges REM. 2000a. Patterns of diagenesis in bone I: effects of site environment. J Archaeol Sci 27:1139-50. Nielsen-Marsh CM, Hedges REM. 2000b. Patterns of diagenesis in bone II

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Strontium isotopes as an indicator of human migration – easy questions, difficult answers

evidence for mobility at the early bronze age cemetery of Singen, Germany. Archaeometry 54(4):752–78. Pate FD, Brodie R, Owen TD. 2002. Determination of geographic origin of unprovenanced Aboriginal skeletal remains in South Australia employing stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. Australian Archaeology 1–7. Pate FD. 1994. Bone chemistry and paleodiet. J Archaeol Method Th1(2):161–209. Porder S, Paytan A, Hadly EA. 2003. Mapping the origin of faunal assemblages using strontium isotopes. Journal Information 29(2). Price TD, Burton JH

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