This study was conducted to investigate the impact of introducing Saccharomyces cerevisiae with or without molasses in a diet based on rice husk on the health status of goats. Thirty (30) West African Dwarf (WAD) goats with mean weight of 10.46 ± 0.06 kg were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments of six goats per treatment in a completely randomized design experiment for 84 days. The goats were fed five formulated diets of rice husks anaerobically fermented for 7days with S. cerevisiae with or without molasses at graded levels. Nutrient composition of feed, daily nutrient intake, apparent digestibility coefficients, weekly weight gain/change by the goats were evaluated. At the end of the feeding trial, faeces, urine and blood samples were collected and analysed using standard procedures. The efficacy of the diet containing a combination of S. cerevisiae and molasses in ratio 1:1 as a feed additive, coupled with fermentation was proven by the concomitant reduction in fibre content. All the growth criteria (feed intake, live weight gain and feed conversion ratio), blood profiles and serum minerals measured favoured goats fed this Diet 3. No mortality was recorded during the trial. Conclusively, introducing S. cerevisiae with molasses at equi-ratio nutritionally enhances optimal rice husk utilization in goats’ nutrition and supported productive performance and their health status.
.A., Bovera F. (2017). Productive performance and bloodprofiles of laying hens fed Hermetia illucens larvae meal as total replacement of soybean meal from 24 to 45 weeks of age. Poultry Sci., 96: 1783–1790. Martínez-Sánchez A., Magaña C., Saloña M., Rojo S. (2011). First record of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) on human corpses in Iberian Peninsula. Forensic Sci. Int., 206: e76–e78. McCusker S., Buff P.R., Yu Z., Fascetti A.J. (2014). Amino acid content of selected plant, algae and insect species: a search for alternative protein sources for use in pet
The feed quality have direct/indirect impact on the blood profiles of animal and determines health status. Hence, this study was carried out to investigate the dietary effect of T. nilotica seed meal (TNSM) on haematology and serum biochemical indices of goats. 15 West African Dwarf goats with a similar age range of 12-18 months old and body/live-weight of 6.88±0.26 kg were randomly allocated to 5 dietary treatments with 3 goats per replicate in a Completely Randomized Design arrangement for 12 weeks. Unprocessed TNSM were collected, screened and milled and were used to replace palm kernel cake at 20% (diet B), 30% (diet C), 40% (diet D) and 50% (diet E) replacement levels in a complete concentrate diets while diet A (control diet) had no T. nilotica. Nutrient composition, intake and animals' blood samples were assessed. Results revealed that all parameters observed were significantly (p<0.05) different. At 20%, DWG, FGR were best. PCV, RBC, Hb values of the goats decreased with increased with replacement level of PKC with TNSM. It could be concluded that TNSM could serve as protein source in place of PKC in goat diet up to 20% without any adverse effects on growth and health status.
A 63-day study that involved 20 growing West African Dwarf sheep with average live bodyweight of 7.44 ± 0.18 kgW0.75 was carried out to evaluate nutrients intake, nitrogen metabolism, weight gain and blood profile of sheep fed Pennisetum purpureum (PP) substituted with white morus alba leaves (ML). The sheep were allotted to 5 treatments of 4 sheep per replicate in a Completely Randomized Design experiment. Five diets fed to the sheep were formulated designated as T1 (100 % PP), T2 (75 % PP: 25 % ML), T3 (50 % PP: 50 % ML), T4 (25 % PP: 75 % ML) and T5 (100 % ML). DM ranged 89.03 - 90.16 % and highest (21.05 %CP) was obtained in T5. Nutrients intake, DWG and FGR were significantly (p<0.05) influenced. Highest DMI (250.38 gW0.75/day) and CPI (52.70 gW0.75/day) were observed in sheep fed T5. Highest N-balance (5.75 gW0.75) was obtained in sheep fed T5. Consequently, the best DWG (16.10 gW0.75g/day) and least FCR (15.55). Haematological and serum biochemical indices were within normal range for WAD sheep. Thus, sole feeding of white mulberry leave could offer a reliable source of protein for sheep.
. Microbes Infect., 1: 125-129. Ao X., Yoo J.S., Lee J.H., Jang H.D., Wang J.P., Zhou T.X., Kim I.H. (2010). Effects offermented garlic powder on production performance, egg quality, bloodprofiles and fatty acids composition of egg yolk in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 23: 786-791. AOAC (1990). Official Methods of Analysis, 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, AOAC, Washington D.C. Asai A., Nakagawa K., Miyazawa T. (1999). Antioxidative effects of turmeric, rosemary and capsicum extracts on membrane phospholipids peroxidation and liver lipid
The present study was carried out to evaluate the hematology, serum biochemistry, immune responses and oxidative damage of growing beagles fed a diet supplemented with housefly (Musca domestica) maggot meal (MM). Weanling beagles (initial body weight 2.69 ± 0.17 kg) were fed a control diet (0% MM) or experimental diet (5% MM) for 42 days. The results indicated that the diet supplemented with 5% MM had no significant effects on the hematology and serum biochemistry of growing beagles (P>0.05). Meanwhile, neither the serum concentrations of lysozyme and C-reactive protein nor the serum antibody responses to canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus were influenced by dietary MM supplementation (P>0.05). However, dogs in the experimental group had lower serum levels of malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl than those in the control group (P<0.05). These findings demonstrated that MM could be used as an alternative protein source in growing beagles without any adverse effects on hematology, serum biochemistry and immune responses. Furthermore, dietary MM could alleviate oxidative damage in growing beagles.
Whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise is an alternative, popular and easy exercise that can be followed by general public. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of acute and chronic WBV exercise on health-related parameters. Twenty-eight women were allocated into a control group (n=11, mean ±SEM: age, 43.5 ±1.5 yr; body mass, 66.1 ±3.1 kg; height, 160.6 ±1.5 cm) and a vibration group (n=17, mean ±SEM: age, 44.0 ±1.0 yr; body mass, 67.1 ±2.2 kg; height, 162.5 ±1.5 cm). After baseline assessments, participants of the experimental group performed WBV training 3 times/week for 8 weeks. Before and after the chronic WBV exercise, the participants of the vibration group performed one session of acute WBV exercise. Blood chemistry measurements (hematology, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, C-reactive protein, glucose, insulin, triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein A1, apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein, thiobarbituric-acid reactive substances, protein carbonyls, total antioxidant capacity, uric acid, albumin and bilirubin) were assessed pre-exercise and post-exercise at the first and eighth week of WBV exercise in both control and vibration groups. The results failed to support any effect of both acute and chronic WBV exercise on biochemical health-related parameters. However, it seems that WBV exercise is a safe way of training without a negative impact on muscle and liver functionality.
). Inulin and oligofructose as prebiotics in the prevention of intestinal infections and diseases. Nutr. Res. Rev., 19: 216-226. Cheng G., Hao H., Xie S., Wang X., Dai M., Huang L., Yuan Z. (2014). Antibiotic alternatives: the substitution of antibiotics in animal husbandry? Front. Microbiol., 5: 217. Cho J.H., Kim I.H. (2015). Effects of lactulose supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, bloodprofiles, faecal microbial shedding, faecal score and faecal noxious gas emission in weanling pigs. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 43: 330-335. Dritz S.S., Shi J
idella ) under the infection of Aeromonas hydrophila – Fish Shellfish Immunol. 55: 28-47. Nugroho R.A., Manurung H., Saraswati D., Ladyescha D., Nur F.M. 2016 – The Effects of Terminalia catappa L. Leaves Extract on the Water Quality Properties, Survival and BloodProfile of Ornamental fish ( Betta sp.) Cultured – Biosaintifika: J. Biol. Educ. 8: 241-248. Oda K., Matsuda H., Murakami T., Katayama S., Ohgitani T., Yoshikawa M. 2003 – Relationship between adjuvant activity and amphipathic structure of soyasaponins – Vaccine 21: 2145-2151. Osman A.G.M., Koutb M
This study focused on observation of seasonal changes of selected haematological parameters in Trachemys spp. The experiment involved 6 turtles of the same species and approximately the same size. From September 2017 to December 2018 on a monthly basis, the samples of turtle blood were collected and blood smears were made, which were subsequently evaluated by the light microscopy. During the period of observation, we focused on the changes in the percentage of individual types of cells in a leucogram. The most significant differences in the percentage of leukocytes were observed during hibernation and during the summer period. The blood profiles revealed that the most heterophilic granulocytes were most abundant in the summer, when their values reached 50 % of the leukocytes. Significant changes in the percentage of heterophilic and basophilic granulocytes occurred during the period of hibernation. The number of heterocytes during hibernation decreased to 30 %. On the contrary, the number of basophils increased significantly to 33 %. Eosinophilic granulocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes did not show such notable changes. The results of the study demonstrated that in turtles of the Trachemys genus, changes in their leuco-grams occurred during the period of hibernation. These changes are important for the evaluation of health condition of the turtles, determination of the prognosis and the treatment.