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Coronaviruses in avian species – review with focus on epidemiology and diagnosis in wild birds

Introduction Among the most abundant viruses infecting a wide variety of animals, including birds and humans are representatives of the large Coronaviridae family. Their virions contain the largest single-stranded positive sense RNA (ssRNA) genome, the feature which distinguishes them from other known viral RNA genomes ( 19 ). Similarly to other RNA viruses, coronaviruses (CoVs) are characterised by high genetic diversity driven by mutation and recombination, which can lead to the emergence of new viruses. Such new pathogens can have new features which even

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Detection of avian reoviruses in wild birds in Poland

. Hollmen T., Docherty D.E.: Orthoreovirus. In: Infectious Diseases of Wild Birds, edited by Thomas N.C., Hunter D.B., Atkinson C.T.: Blackwell Publishing, Iowa, USA, 2007, pp. 177-181. 5. Huhtamo E., Uzcátegui N.Y., Manni T., Munsterhjelm R., Brummer-Korvenkontio M., Vaheri A., Vapalahti O.: Novel orthoreovirus from diseased crow, Finland. Emerg Infect Dis 2007, 13, 1967-1969. 6. Jones R.C.: Reovirus infections. In: Diseases of Poultry, edited by Saif Y.M. et al., Blackwell, USA, 2008, pp. 309-328. 7. Jones R.C., Guneratne

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Michael Longley and Birds

Abstract

The following essay attempts to shed some light on Michael Longley’s poems about birds, which form a fairly complicated network of mutual enhancements and cross-references. Some of them are purely descriptive lyrics. Such poems are likely to have the name of a given species or a specific individual representative of that species in the title. Others make references to birds or use them for their own agenda, which often transcends the parameters of pure description. Sometimes birds perform an evocative function (“Snow Geese”), prompt the poet to explore the murky mysteries of iniquity (“The Goose”), judge human affairs from the avian vantage (“Aftermath”), or raise ecological problems (“Kestrel”). Most of the time, however, Longley is careful not to intrude upon their baffling otherness. Many of his bird poems are suffused with an aura of subtle yet suggestive eroticism, a conflation of the avian and the amorous.

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Species of the nematode genus Amidostomum Railliet and Henry, 1909 in aquatic birds in the Netherlands

[1] Anderson, R. C. (2000): Nematode parasites of vertebrates. Their development and transmission. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK [2] Baruš, V., Sergeeva, T. P., Sonin, M. D., Ryzhikov, K. M. (1978): Helminths of fish-eating birds of the Palearctic region. I. Nematoda. USSR Academy of Sciences, Helminthological Laboratory. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Parasitology. Moscow and Prague [3] Betlejewska, K. M., Kalisińska, E. (2001): Amidostomum acutum (Nematoda) in

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Population trends of Goričko agricultural landscape birds

. (2005): Influence of agricultural management, sward structure and food resources on grassland field use by birds in lowland England. – Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 932–942. A tlas ptic (2015a): Prepelica. Novi ornitološki atlas gnezdilk Slovenije - internetna baza podatkov. – [ http://atlas.ptice.si/atlas ], 01/04/2015. A tlas ptic (2015b): Smrdokavra. Novi ornitološki atlas gnezdilk Slovenije - internetna baza podatkov. – [ http://atlas.ptice.si/atlas ], 15/03/2015. B aillie S. R., P each W. J. (1992): Population limitation in Palaearctic

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Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 (HPAI/H5N1) Virus Search from Wild Birds in Ghana

References 1. Awuni, J. A., Bianco, A., Dogbey, O. J., Fusaro, A., Yingar, D. T., Salviato, A., et. al., 2019: Avian influenza H9N2 sub-type in Ghana: virus characterization and evidence of co-infection. Avian Pathol. , 48, 5, 470—476. DOI: 10.1080/03079457.2019.1624687. 2. Caron, A., Cappelle, J., Gaidet, N., 2016: Challenging the conceptual framework of maintenance hosts for influenza A viruses in wild birds. J. Appl. Ecol. , 54, 681—640. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12839. 3. Fair, J. M., Paul, E., Jones, J., Barrett Clark, A., Davie, C

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Water bird fauna in the Carpathian Basin from the beginnings through historical times

References Andrews, C. W. 1913. On some bird remains from the Upper Cretaceous of Transylvania. - Geological Magazine 10: 193-196. Bindea, D. (ed.) 2008. Arheozoologia Transilvaniei in pre si protoistorie [Transylvanian archaeozoology in Praeand Protoistory]. - Trognost Cluj-Napoca (in Romanian and English) Bocheński, Z. 1997. List of European fossil bird species. - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 40 (2): 293-333. Bocheński, Z. M. & Tomek, T. 1994. Fossil and subfossil bird remains from five Austrian

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Structure of Bird Communities from Cefa Nature Park

References 1. Bird Directive (79/409/EEC), 1979 ‒ Council Directive on the conservation of wild birds. 2. Bruun B., Delin H. and Svensson L. 1999 ‒ Păsările din România și Europa, Edit. Hamlyn Londra, 1-320. (in Romanian) 3. Curtean-Bănăduc A., Bănăduc D. and Sîrbu I. (eds), 2012 ‒ The Cefa Nature Park, Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research, 13, 210. 4. Decision 251/1981 of Bihor County Council. (in Romanian) 5. Law no. 5/2000 regarding the national

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Plasma and whole brain cholinesterase activities in three wild bird species in Mosul, IRAQ: In vitro inhibition by insecticides

AS and Mohammad FK. (2005). Electrometric measurement of plasma and tissue cholinesterase activities of four wild birds in Iraq. J Biol Res   4 : 197-202. Anonymous (1986a) Organophosphorus Insecticides: A General Introduction , Environmental Health Criteria, No. 63. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. Anonymous (1986b) Carbamate Pesticides: A General Introduction Environmental Health Criteria, No. 64. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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A tiny short-legged bird from the early Oligocene of Poland

Geology , Tulsa, 129–212. Bieńkowska-Wasiluk M. 2010: Taphonomy of Oligocene teleost fishes from the Outer Carpathians of Poland. Acta Geol. Pol. 60, 479–533. Bochenski Z. & Bochenski Z.M. 2008: An Old World hummingbird from the Oligocene: a new fossil from Polish Carpathians. J. Ornithol. 149, 211–216. Bochenski Z.M., Tomek T. & Swidnicka E. 2010: A columbid-like avian foot from the Oligocene of Poland. Acta Ornithol. 45, 233–236. Bochenski Z.M., Tomek T., Bujoczek M. & Wertz K. 2011: A new passerine bird from the early Oligocene of Poland

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