Paweł Krems, Małgorzata Rajfur, Maria Wacławek and Andrzej Kłos
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Andreea Cozea, Elena Bucur, Andrei Vasile and Catalina Stoica
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Małgorzata Rajfur, Paweł Krems, Andrzej Kłos, Rafał Kozłowski, Małgorzata A. Jóźwiak, Jan Kříž and Maria Wacławek
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Inga Zinicovscaia, Mira Aničić Urošević, Konstantin Vergel, Ecaterina Vieru, Marina V. Frontasyeva, Igor Povar and Gheorghe Duca
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Piotr Matuszak, Grzegorz Grodzicki, Tomasz Jankowski and Paweł Matlakiewicz
The pollution of water that is used for consumption and in agricultural holdings contributes to an increased mortality rate, inhibition of growth and physiological functions, changes in the DNA (genotoxicity), changes within tissues (cytotoxicity) and organs of individuals who are exposed to chemical components. One of the most dangerous toxin classes which have effect on animals and humans who come into contact with contaminated water is the class of cyanobacterial toxins released by dying cyanobacteria. They contribute to very serious health conditions and also to fatalities. Toxins of this type are relatively difficult to detect on account of their seasonal changeability in blooming. One of the most effective methods of detecting water contamination automatically and continuously is biomonitoring with the use of Dreissena polymorpha mussels.
Jan Kříž, Jan Loskot, Vladimír Štěpánek, Lidmila Hyšplerová, Daniel Jezbera, Lucie Trnková, Agnieszka Dołhańczuk-Śródka, Zbigniew Ziembik, Małgorzata Rajfur, Andrzej Kłos and Maria Wacławek
Tightening of norms for air protection leads to a development of new and significantly more effective techniques for removing particulate matter, SOx and NOx from flue gas which originates from large solid fuel combustion. Recently, it has been found that combinations of these environmental technologies can also lead to the reduction of mercury emissions from coal power plants. Now the greatest attention is paid especially to the coal power plant in Opatovice nad Labem, close to Hradec Kralove. Its system for flue gas dedusting was replaced by a modern type of cloth fabric filter with the highest particle separation efficiency which belongs to the category of BAT. Using this technology, together with modernization of the desulphurisation device and increasing of nitrogen oxides removal efficiency, leads also to a reduction of mercury emissions from this power plant. The University of Hradec Kralove, the Opole University and EMPLA Hradec Kralove successfully cooperate in the field of toxic metals biomonitoring almost 20 years. In the Czech-Polish border region, comprehensive biomonitoring of mercury in bioindicators Xerocomus badius in 9 long-term monitored reference points is done. The values of mercury concentration measured in 2012 and 2016 were compared with values computed by a dispersion model SYMOS′97 (updated 2014). Thanks to modern methods of dedusting and desulphurisation, emissions of mercury from this large coal power plant are now smaller than before and that the downward trends continues. The results indicate that Xerocomus badius is a suitable bioindicator for a long-term monitoring of changes in mercury imissions in this forested border region. This finding is significant because it shows that this region is suitable for leisure, recreation, and rehabilitation.
Andrzej Kłos, Yulia A. Aleksiayenak, Zbigniew Ziembik, Małgorzata Rajfur, Dominik Jerz, Maria Wacławek and Marina V. Frontasyeva
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 Fraenzle S, Markert B. Metals in biomass