Myroslava Petrovska, Viktoriya Pantyley, Iryna Strilets and Svyatoslav Petrovskyi
With the current economic and political instability in Ukraine, children's health is most certainly the best indicator of socioeconomic development within the country and its different regions. This article analyses the socio-economic and environmental determinants of a child’s health in a big city (using the example of Lviv, a city in Ukraine). The demographic indicators of the child population of the city of Lviv and the reasons for mortality were traced; the structure of children’s diseases was analyzed; the factors affecting children’s health potential (such as local budget expenditures on health care, the level of average nominal wages, the ecological situation in the region) were studied. Published and non-published statistical data from the Main Statistical Department of Lviv Region, Lviv City Council were used. Specific consumer behavior among randomly selected Lviv households with children aged between 0-14 years was studied by using a special survey. Research results show the links between socio-economic and ecological factors (local budget expenditures on health care, the level of average nominal wages, the ecological indices in the region), and child mortality. The limited capacity of parents to satisfy the basic needs of households and complete lack, or limitation, of time that parents spend with their children undoubtedly influences the potential of children’s health in a destructive way.
Aleksandra Lewandowska CDFMR and Daniela Szymańska CDFMR
–2016, we must remark that each city under discussion reported increased recycling and recovery levels in paper, metal, plastic and glass ( Fig. 3 ). In the years 2014, 2015 and 2016, each of these cities met the directives and recycling goals appointed by the Ministry Directive of 29th May 2012 (Dz. U. 2012 poz. 645). It is worth emphasising that, studying the levels of recycling and recovery of paper,
Waste recycling levels and preparing for recovery: paper, metal, plastic, glass in bigcities of Poland Source : author’s own study based on commune documents
The subject of this study is to analyse changes in the taxonomic structure and development intensity of phytoplankton and, thus, to determine the diversity of cyanobacteria and algae along with the trophy state of two oxbow lakes in the Wrocław area (south-western Poland). The analysis of samples and data from previous years showed a total of 244 cyanobacteria and algae species within these two lakes. The species composition changed significantly in both of them – there were found 90 species new to the studied flora (37% of current flora) and 74 species which were previously recorded. The diversity of cyanobacteria and algae reflects the conditions in these water bodies and each change in ecological conditions (e.g., anthropological dangers) is reflected by a change in the phytoplankton assemblage structure. Consequently, knowledge of taxonomic diversity is useful in monitoring water bodies to preserve them in good conditions. Both studied oxbow lakes belong to eutrophic ecosystems as evidenced by their phycoflora, which is rich in species characteristic of high-trophy water, and recorded water blooms. The analysis of changes in cyanobacterial and algal assemblages in these lakes was also a basis for determining their trophy and finding it to be progressively eutrophic. Regular phycological studies of Wrocław numerous water bodies are essential and, in the future, will allow us to protect them and to react quickly in case of danger to these ecosystems. It will also allow us to study eutrophication processes in the water bodies that are crucial to the city.
development of bigcities (≥100,000 inhabitants) in Poland from 1950 to 2016. This will demonstrate the similarities and differences in these cities’ demographic development, showing demographic trends in Poland’s various periods of socio-economic development using the graphical trajectory method. It will also show whether the changes that took place after 1950 affected the demographic trends of individual cities after 1989. The choice of bigcities is not accidental, because these 43 cities total more than 10 million inhabitants, which is more than 28% of the total
suburbanization in zone of influence of bigcities on gminas’ revenues from share in PIT in Poland - in Polish). In: Biuletyn IGSEiGP UAM Seria Rozwoj Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna, Vol. 20, pp. 103-121.
Smutek, J., 2016: Wpływ suburbanizacji na budżety gmin w strefie oddziaływania wielkich miast (Impact of suburbanization on gminas budgets in zone of influence of big Polish cities - in Polish). PhD thesis defended on Faculty of Geosciences University of Szczecin, p. 360.
Staszewska, S., 2013: Urbanizacja przestrzenna strefy podmiejskiej
This article will present an analysis of a psychological reaction which may occur in people living in big cities, the so-called urban stress. The paper will concentrate mainly on describing the influence of strong sensory input (e.g. noise and pollution), which is characteristic of a big city, as well as social issues on the cognitive, emotional and behavioural functioning of individuals. What is more, various consequences of the emergence of stress will be discussed. The summary of the article includes conclusions drawn from a review of research and theories.
The spatial distribution of high-season tourism in Poland: based on the records of the 2010 presidential election
The 2010 presidential election in Poland was held during the summer season when many voters were away from their place of residence. Data showing the numbers of visitors voting in particular districts were used to identify areas with high tourism intensity. Subsequent analysis showed a very strong concentration and polarization of tourism on the northern and southern margins of Poland and in several big cities.
The objective of this paper is to compare the reasons for choosing a degree in geography by students starting their studies in two academic centres: Warsaw and Kielce. The first is a big city with rich traditions and one of the best academic centres in Poland, while the second is regional, much smaller but developing. In the research, special attention was paid to the reasons for choosing geography as a major, a variety of ideas considering future job and professional prospects open to geography graduates as well as attitudes toward the profession of a geography teacher. The research involved interviews with first and second-year students in both centres.
A. P. Ledyaev, V. N. Kavkazsky, T. V. Ivanes and A. V. Benin
The tunneling technologies are constantly evolving, with the large diameter multifunctional city tunnels becoming more and more common. By building tunnels of large diameters in urban areas one can rationally distribute traffic flows within the unified space and combine various modes of transport. However, such scalable transport construction projects imply a serious pressure both on social aspects of the big cities life and on the city environment. So, in order to make a decision one needs to perform a comprehensive analysis. The authors have analyzed the foreign experience in large diameter tunneling to assess whether it is viable to use these kinds of structures under the geological conditions of St. Petersburg.
The market for land for single-family housing is one of the most important segments of the real estate market. Over the last several years, we have witnessed the development of this market in the suburban areas of large agglomerations. This is connected with the intensified migration of people from the centers of big cities, and with the development of housing in suburban zones.
The aim of this paper is to present the structure of the territorial origin of buyers purchasing plots designated for single-family housing in Poznań and its suburbs (with division into buyers derived from the city of Poznań, from the Poznań poviat (district), the Wielkopolska voivodeship (province), the rest of the country, and from abroad). The analysis covers the years 1995-2010.