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REFERENCES [1] M. David and S. Gollasch, Global Maritime Transport and Ballast Water Management , Dodrecht: Springer, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9367-4 [2] LR, Likums par 2004. gada Starptautisko konvenciju par kuģu balasta ūdens un nosēdumu kontroli un pārvaldību. 20-Jun-2018. [Online]. Available: https://likumi.lv/doc.php?id=300089&version_date=10.08.2018 . [Accessed: 19-Oct-2018]. [3] Lloyd’s Register, Understanding Ballast Water Management. Guidance for shipowners and operators, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.safety4sea

References [1] Hyde Guardian Gold, Hyde Marine Brochure, 2017. [2] Ballast Water Filters , Filtrex Brochure, www.filtrex.it , 2016. [3] Understanding ballast water management , Lloyd’s Register brochure, third edition, 2016. [4] Wärtsilä Aquarius® , Ballast Water Management System, 2016. [5] A guide to a ballast water treatment , www.irclass.org , 2016. [6] Guidelines on Ballast Water Management , Indian Registry brochure, IRClass, 2016. [7] International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 – getting

REFERENCES 1. Albert R., Everett R., Lishman J. and Smith D. (2010): Availability and efficacy of ballast water treatment technology : background and issue paper. Information report to Scientific Advisory Board, EPA. 2. Balaji R., Yaakob O. (2011): Emerging ballast water treatment technologies: a review. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management 11(1): 126-138. 3. Drake J M., Lodge D. M. and Lewis M. (2005): Theory and Preliminary Analysis of Species Invasions from Ballast Water: Controlling Discharge Volume and Location. The University of Notre

REFERENCES Alfalaval, Alfalaval Official Website. [online] Available at: www.alfalaval.com/microsites/pureballast/ [Accessed 18 Sep. 2017]. Alfalaval.us, Alfalaval.us Official Website. [online] Available at: www.alfalaval.us/products/ballast-water-solutions/ [Accessed 26 Sep. 2017]. American Bureau of Shipping, (2010).Ballast Water Treatment Advisory. CTO S.A., (2007). Określenie zagrożenia introdukcji gatunków obcych w Zatoce Gdańskiej na podstawie badania wód balastowych, rap.tech. nr RO–07/T-190. Ecochlor, Ecochlor Official Website. [online] Available at

Abstract

Oily wastewaters from different onshore and offshore installations and from maritime transport pose a serious threat to the environment so they must be treated by multistage separation also including membrane processes. The main advantages of such membranes are high performance and selectivity, high resistance for temperature and pressure, resistance for acids, bases and solvents, long service life and for application - significant reduction of industries and transport environmental impact. This work presents the results of the process of separation of oil from the emulsion with NaCl addition. Research was performed with a use of laboratory installation with ceramic 300 kDa membrane. The analysis concerned performance and selectivity of a membrane in the function of time and test results have been subsequently compared with the requirements of the IMO.

Abstract

According to the HELCOM AIS, there are about 2,000 ships in the Baltic marine area at any given moment. The main environmental effects of shipping and other activities at sea include air pollution, illegal deliberate and accidental discharges of oil, hazardous substances and other wastes, and the unintentional introduction of invasive alien organisms via ships’ ballast water or hulls. Original oil pollution model and optimal allocation of response resources was proposed in the paper.

Abstract

The present paper is based on the literature review and the recent information about the distribution range of the alien brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus Ives, 1891 in the Mediterranean Sea. This alien species has spread throughout the Mediterranean Sea (especially the eastern part) mainly through ship/ballast water introductions and has presently been reported by eight countries (27 localities). Introduction pathways and chronological distribution patterns of the alien brown shrimp species are discussed. Penaeus aztecus forms dense populations along the coast of the Turkish Mediterranean Sea, and it has a potential for colonising the native habitats of autochthonous species.

.37-38, 2011 4. Liu Juan, Xu Hongyuan, Tang Shu, Lu Li: Numerical Simulation of Erosion and Particle Motion Trajectory in Centrifugal Pump. Chinese Journal of Agricultural Machinery, Vol. 6, no. 2, pp.54-59, 2008 5. Zhang Tao, Li Hongwen: Simulation Optimization of DPM on Gas-Solid Two-Phase Flow in Complex Pipeline Flow Field. Journal of Tianjin Unversity (Science and Technology). Vol.48, no. 1, pp.39-46, 2015 6. Xu Yanxia, Song Xingfu, Tang Bo, Wang Jin, Yu Jianguo: Analysis Structural Parameters of Hydrocyclone used in Ballast Water on its Performances. Chemical

TiO 2 aqueous solution, Chemosphere, 90, 4, 1514-1519. 15. Zhang, N, Hu, K and Shan, B 2014. Ballast water treatment using UV/TiO 2 advanced oxidation processes: an approach to invasive species prevention, Chemical Engineering Journal, 243, 7-13. 16. Jefferson, B, Jarvis, P, Bhagianathan, GK, Smith, H, Autin, O, Goslan, EH, MacAdam, J and Carra, I 2016. Effect of elevated UV dose and alkalinity on metaldehyde removal and THM formation with UV/TiO 2 and UV/H 2 O 2 , Chemical Engineering Journal, 288, 359-367. 17. Koolivand, A, Rajaei, MS, Ghanadzadeh, MJ

[Separation of mixtures. Non-conventional methods]. Wrocław. WNT pp. 320. STARLIPER C.E., WATTEN B.J. 2013. Bactericidal efficacy of elevated pH on fish pathogenic and environmental bacteria. Journal of Advanced Research. Vol. 4. Iss. 4 p. 345-353. STARLIPER C.E., WATTEN B.J., IWANOWICZ D.D., GREEN P.A., BASSETT N.L., ADAMS C.R. 2015. Efficacy of pH elevation as a bactericidal strategy for treating ballast water of freight carriers. Journal of Advanced Research. Vol. 6 p. 501-509. TAKEDA A. 2003. Manganese action in brain function. Brain Research Reviev. Vol. 41. Iss. 1