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History of the Balkan Stomatological Society (BaSS)

SUMMARY

Some of the main activities of the Balkan Stomatological Society (BaSS) over a rich 19-year history are presented. These activities have been aimed at improving oral health care provided by the dentists throughout the Balkans, and to establish ties of friendship and collaboration between researchers and clinicians in this region, creating a foundation for mutual understanding and peace. To accomplish these goals, the BaSS annually organizes congresses and publishes a scientific journal, beside many other activities, such as public oral health promotion, bringing into accordance study programmes and curricula, supporting student exchange programmes, etc.

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Oral Health Conditions of Older People: Focus on the Balkan Countries

SUMMARY

Oral health plays a pivotal role in general health, especially in older people. Oral diseases may affect the development of systemic conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, stroke and hypertension. The most important oral health conditions that have been recorded in dental literature for older population include tooth loss, dental caries, periodontal diseases, xerostomia (dry mouth) and oral cancer. Edentulism influences social life, either causing aesthetic problems or affecting functional abilities, such as speaking, chewing and eating. Dental caries in older people is similar to that in people in their thirties. Socio-economic status and living area play a key role in the development of dental caries. In addition, the accumulation of several risk factors, such as plaque or systemic diseases, acts synergistically in the onset of periodontal disease in seniors. Furthermore, older people, mainly due to their medications, exhibit a reduced amount of saliva. Xerostomia causes difficulties in chewing, speaking and swallowing, and it has a substantial impact on older people’s lives. The prevalence of oral cancer is 1-10 per 100,000 patients, and several factors (smoking, alcohol, education, economic status) play crucial role. Limited data exists today that evaluates oral health conditions of seniors in the Balkan countries. Aging and socio-economic status of seniors in the Balkans are significantly associated with oral health problems.

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Towards European Union or Regional Economic Area: Western Balkans at Crossroads

References Bieber, F. & Kmezić, M. (2016). Policy brief EU enlargement in the Western Balkans in a time of uncertainty, BiEPAG, September, 2016, 1-16. www.biepag.eu. Bonomi, M. (2017). The Western Balkans in the European Union: Perspectives of a region in Europe, a contribution to the Trieste Summit on the Western Balkans, Instituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), 17(13), 1-13. Doring, Th. (1997). Political competencies within the EU and their significance for the Western Balkans, Journal of European Perspective

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Trade Barriers and Exports between Western Balkan Countries

References Bechev, D., Ejdus, F., & Taleski, D. (2015). Background paper: Culture of regional cooperation in southeast Europe . Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group. Retrieved from: http://biepag.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/BIEPAG-Culture-of-Regional-Cooperation-in-the-Western-Balkans.pdf CEFTA Agreement. (2006). Annex 1 to: The Agreement on Amendment of and Accession to the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Retrieved from: http://cefta.int/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/ANN1CEFTA-2006-Final-Text.pdf . European Bank for Reconstruction

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Frequencies of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Haplotypes of the SLCO1B1 Gene in Selected Populations of the Western Balkans

Abstract

As a membrane influx transporter, organic anion- transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) regulates the cellular uptake of a number of endogenous compounds and drugs. The aim of this study was to characterize the diversity of the solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1 (SLCO1B1) gene encoding this transporter in two ethnic groups populating the Western Balkans. The distribution of SCLO1B1 alleles was determined at seven variant sites (c.388A>G, c.521T>C, c.571T>C, c.597C>T, c.1086C>T, c.1463G>C and c.*439T>G) in 266 Macedonians and 94 Albanians using the TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. No significant difference in the frequencies of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was observed between these populations. The frequency of the c.521T>C SNP was the lowest (<13.7 and 12.2%, respectively), while the frequencies of all other SNP alleles were above 40.0%. Variant alleles of c.1463G>C and c.1086 C>T SNPs were not identified in either ethnic group. The haplotype analysis revealed 20 and 21 different haplotypes in the Macedonian and Albanian population, respectively. The most common haplotype in both ethnic groups, *1J/*1K/*1L, had a frequency of 39.0% and 26.6%, respectively. In both populations, the variant alleles of the functionally significant c.521T>C and c.388A>G SNPs existed in one major haplotype (*15/*16/*17), with a frequency of 8.6 and 2.4% in the Macedonian and Albanian subjects, respectively. In conclusion, sequence variations of the SLCO1B1 gene in the studied populations occur at high frequencies, which are similar to that of the Caucasian population. Further studies are needed to evaluate the clinical significance of these SNPs and/ or the major SLCO1B1 haplotypes they form for a large number of substrates and for susceptibility to certain diseases.

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Academic Mobility in the Western Balkans

Balkan countries”, Research Report, King Baudouin Foundation, Brussels; 4. Cheong, J. et al (2004), “International student mobility”, Issues paper. July 2004/30. Sussex Centre for Migration Research, university of Sussex, Sussex. 5. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, EHEA Ministerial Conference, Bucharest 2012, Romania,available at: http://www.bfug.eu /(September 12, 2012) 6. Communiqué of the Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, Leuven and

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Morphological, Biochemical And Hematological Characterization Of Endangered Balkan Donkey Breed

. Ivankovic A, Kavar T, Caput P, Mioc B, Pavic V, Dovc P: Genetic diversity of three donkey populations in the Croatian coastal region. Anim Genet 2002, 33:169-177. 15. Official Gazette of Republic of Serbia, No. 38/10. 16. Trailovic R, Ivanov S, Dimitrijevic V, Trailovic D: Some morphological and health characteristics of domestic Balkan donkey in Stara planina. In Proceedings of 2 nd International Fair of Horse Breeding, 30 September - 2 October 2011, Novi Sad, Serbia, pp. 180-187. 17. Papa L, Kume K: The results of identification and characterisation

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Cadaver Transplantation in Balkans: Mission Possible?

References Ivanovski N, Masin J, Rambabova-Busljetic I, Pusevski V, Dohcev S, Ivanovski O, Popov Z. The outcome of commercial kidney transplant tourism in Pakistan. Clin Transplant. 2011;25(1):171-3. Stojceva-Taneva O, Selim GJ, Zafirovska K, Polenakovic M. Differences in renal registries between the Balkans and Western Europe. Prilozi. 2006;27(2):37-47. Law concerning conditions for taking, exchanging, passing on, and transplanting the human body parts for the purpose of patient

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Regional Lifestyle Segmentation in the Western Balkans

, Best RJ, Coney KA. 1993. Consumer Behavior: Implications for Marketing Strategy. 5th ed., Homewood, IL: Irwin Publishing Holt D. 1997. Poststructuralist Lifestyle Analysis: Conceptualizing the Social Patterning of Consumption in Postmodernity. Journal of Consumer Research. Vol. 23, pp. 326-350 Husić M, Ostapenko N. 2010. Celebrating Recession in Style: The Mainstreaming of Attitudes toward Luxury Consumption in the Balkans and European Russia. 2010 Oxford Business and Economics Conference. June 28-30 2010. Oxford. Great Britain

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The V4 Countries’ Foreign Policy concerning the Western Balkans

‑hungarian‑presidency‑visegrad‑group.pdf (9 November 2017). Hungarian EU Presidency (2010/11): Priorities and Programme of the Hungarian EU Presidency in the first half of 2011: available at http://www.mfa.gov.hu/NR/rdonlyres/582C1DD9-12C9-4E3D‑B34E-81E1F2CFE73C/0/HUPRESpriorities.pdf (31 August 2017). Huszka, B. (2010): Hungary’s Western Balkan policy in the Visegrad context. EU Frontiers - Policy Paper No. 3, Centre for EU Enlargement Studies, Central European University, Budapest: available at: https://cens.ceu.edu/eu‑frontiers‑policy‑paper (31 August 2017

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