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Counterfactual Histories of Moon Landing


The article is devoted to the analysis of chosen examples of counterfactual narratives which diverge from the typical alternative accounts of history written in the “what if” mode. It focuses on counterfactual representations of space flight and moon landing as crucial historical events of the 20th century. The point of departure for the text is provided by the New Historicist understanding of historical fact and historical event, with particular attention paid to Hayden White’s concept of metahistory. However, to identify the possible functions of the new counterfactuals, I go beyond the binary of past and present which lies at the core of White’s concept. To this end, I employ Jacques Derrida’s concept of artifactuality, which describes the process of the production of facts about current events. I apply this concept to analyse two examples of counterfactual films about space flight: the comedy Moonwalkers (dir. Alain Bardou-Jacquet, 2015) and a mockumentary First on the Moon (dir. Aleksey Fedorchenko, 2005). In these examples, I identify strategies of deconstruction of fact-making which Derrida recommended in his essay. In the concluding part, I introduce the third example of counterfactual narrative, which not so much deconstructs factuality but, rather, counteracts the process of cultural oblivion. In Hidden Figures (2016), Margo Lee Shetterly reconstructed the role that African-American women played in the space race, introducing them into the official historical narrative. In this case, I also compare the book with its cinematic rendition to argue that counterfactuals introduce a new model of thinking of collective relationship with the past.

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A New Species of Oochoristica (Cestoda, Linstowiidae) from the Arabian Toad-Headed Agama, Phrynocephalus Arabicus (Sauria, Agamidae), from the United Arab Emirates

Argentina // Comp. Parasitol. — 2011. — 78 . — P. 312-315. Bursey C. R., Rocha C. F. D., Menezes V. A. et al. New species of Oochoristica (Cestoda: Linstowiidae and other endoparasites of Trachylepis atlantica (Sauria: Scincidae) from Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil // Zootaxa. — 2010. — 2715 . — P. 45-54. Criscione C. D., Fond W. F. Artifactual and natural variation of Oochoristica javaensis: statistical evaluation of in situ fixation // Comp. Parasitol. — 2001. — 68 . — P. 156

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Can factitious disorder reach delusional level? A case study

References: 1. DSM-5 American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. 2. Fliege H, Scholler G, Rose M, Willenberg H, Klapp BF. Factitious disorders and pathological self-harm in a hospital population: an interdisciplinary challenge. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2002;24(3):164–71. 3. Kapfhammer HP, Rothenhäusler HB, Dietrich E, Dobmeier P, Mayer C. Artifactual disorders–between deception and self-mutilation. Experiences in consultation psychiatry at a university

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Leukocytosis interference in clinical chemistry: shall we still interpret test results without hematological data?

completing mental tasks, blurred vision, extreme hunger, nervousness, headache, excessive perspiration and tachycardia. Extremely low glucose levels can trigger convulsions and coma ( 1 ). An accurate diagnosis of hypoglycemia is also essential for diagnosing metabolic diseases ( 2 ). Glucose is usually measured in clinical laboratories using plasma, serum or whole blood samples. The term »artifactual hypoglycemia« was proposed when results of laboratory measurement do not reflect the actual blood glucose concentration, regardless of the presence of symptoms of both hypo

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Automatic ECG Artefact Removal from EEG Signals

). Automatic classification of artifactual ICA-components for artifact removal in EEG signals. Behavioral and Brain Functions , 7, 30. [18] Burger, C., van den Heever, D.J. (2015). Removal of EOG artefacts by combining wavelet neural network and independent component analysis. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control , 15, 67-79. [19] Ichimaru, Y., Moody, G.B. (1999). Development of the polysomnographic database on CD-ROM. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences , 53, 175-177. [20] Terzano, M.G., Parrino, L., Sherieri, A., et al. (2001). Atlas, rules, and

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The Electron Paramagnetic Resonance in the Study of Tissues Specimens

.A., Karram M.M. (2006). Prolapse. Vaginal Surgery for Incontinence and Prolapse: 35-54. Shuter S.L., Davies M.J., Garlick P.B., Hearse D.J., Slater T.F. (1990). Myocardial tissue preparation for e.s.r. spectroscopy: some methods may cause artifactual generation of signals, Free Rad. Res. Commun. , 9 : 55-63. Skręt A., Skręt-Magierło J. (2007). Zaburzenia statyki żeńskich narządów płciowych. Położnictwo i ginekologia , 601-622. Swartz H.M., Bolton J.R., Borg D.C. (1972). Editors, Biological Applications of Electron Spin Resonance , Wiley-Interscience, New York

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Doing pedagogical conversations (with spirituality and fat) as pedagogists in early childhood education

. Aphramor (Eds.), Debating obesity: Critical perspectives ( pp. 115–138). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Greenwood, M., Leeuw, S. D., & Fraser, T. N. (2007). Aboriginal children and early childhood development and education in Canada: Linking the past and the present to the future. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 30 (1), 5-18. Guthman, J. (2013). Fatuous measures: The artifactual construction of the obesity epidemic. Critical Public Health, 23 (3), 263–273. Hall, L. (2008). The environment of Indigenous economies: Honouring the Three Sisters

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The effect of effort test on the levels of ischemia modified albumin, 7-ketocholesterol and cholestan-3β , 5α , 6β -triol and their role in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease

oxysterol studies regarding coronary artery disease were performed using GC–MS method. Although GC–MS is excellent in its selectivity, its sensitivity has not proven sufficient compared to liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) technology. Moreover, the analytical procedure for GC–MS includes the extraction of cholesterol oxides, which is a complicated and time consuming procedure; furthermore, artifactual oxidation may occur throughout the entire procedure. However, to date, there have been no randomized controlled studies assessing the

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