RES 11 (2/2019), p. 237-252 DOI: 10.2478/ress-2019-0017
Facing Anti-Judaism in the Romanian Orthodox
Church: Why the Need to Accommodate the Biblical
and the Liturgical Texts?
The modern problem of political correctness appeared recently in the Romanian
Orthodox Church too and produced different reactions. In this paper I want to
discuss the anti-Judaic language that can be encountered in the cult, particularly
during the Holy Week, and the solutions to treat these expressions. In the Catholic
and Protestant world, the anti-Judaic speech
RES 11 (2/2019), p. 167-179 DOI: 10.2478/ress-2019-0013
Jüdische Elemente in der Tradition der Orthodoxen
Kirche1. Ein Beitrag im Zeichen des Dialogs
Jewish Elements in the Tradition of the Orthodox Church.
A Contribution to Dialogue
The present article deals with the question of Jewish and Christian-Orthodox
dialogue. The author focuses on the ambivalences regarding the relation to Jewish
heritage in the liturgical tradition of the Orthodox Church: on the one hand, an
un-reflected anti-Judaism of the old byzantine texts (especially in the “Holy
, which could be very fruitful for the
Keywords: Jewish-Orthodox Christian Dialogue; Byzantine Hymnography;
anti-Judaism; Orthodox Liturgy.
The dialogue between Christian Orthodox theologians and Jewish repre-
sentatives is by far one of the least documented and studied inter-religious
interchanges. However, in recent years several general approaches to this
topic have been issued1 and a complex study of it by Pier Giorgio Tane-
burgo has even been published.2 Yet, because not all the reports presented
at different Christian
benefits that may follow such responses.
Keywords: liturgical renewal; Nostra aetate; Orthodox liturgy; anti-Judaism;
ecumenism; social theology
Introduction: « Je ne veux pas être un souvenir, je serai pour vous un
In March 2016, a street in Paris was given a new name and this was a
name that surprised many people. It was the name of Saint Maria Skobtsova
(1891-1945), already canonized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 2004.
The street was officially opened in the presence of several representatives of
the Orthodox Churches in Paris, of local political
This paper investigates the multi-layered violence of religious representation in the late medieval York biblical plays, with a focus on the Supper at Emmaus. I read Emmaus (Y40), a play which commemorates the Crucifixion and openly encourages strong anti-Judaism, alongside scenes in an early predecessor pageant, The Crucifixion (Y35), within their contemporary devotional and mnemonic practices, i.e. the confessional Book of Margery Kempe and Thomas Bradwardine’s tract on ars memorativa. Emmaus in particular demonstrates how a fundamentally violent ars memorativa, the legacy of ancient rhetoric to the Middle Ages, also underpins the instruction of the laity in the basics of Christian faith, here with the aid of highly musical prosody and repetition, and thereby hones a biased, intolerant and violence-inured Christian collective memory. To study the York play’s position relative to late medieval mnemonic practices, I frame my analysis within memory studies, enriched with the more specific insights offered by social-psychological, neurobiological and cognitivist studies of memory.
Bibliography Anouilh J (1972) L’alouette . Paris: La Table Ronde. Ball W (1984) A Sense of Direction : Some Observations on the Art of Directing. New York: Drama Book Publishers. Caputo N and Clarke L (2016), Debating Truth . The Barcelona Disputation of 1263, A Graphic History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cohen J (1982) The Friars and the Jews: The Evolution of Medieval Anti-Judaism . Ithaca-London: Cornell University Press. Doliner R (1985) Divine Right . Unpublished. Copyright registered in Library of Congress. Ganzfried S (1991) Kitzur Shulchan
ject of anti-Judaism of the two patristic authors and the comparison that A.
Lorrain undertakes in this regard. From the chapter dedicated to the contro-
versial aspects, I was interested here to follow Theodoret’s controversy with
Judaism and Marcionism, due to the limited space we have in this review.
Pertaining to Theodoret’s relationship with John Chrysostom re-
garding anti-Judaism, A. Lorrain demonstrates once again the actuality
and necessity of her approach. She discovers that, unlike the young and
fierce Antiochian preacher, who struggled as a shepherd
Fr. Pier Giorgio Taneburgo offers a good examination of the docu-
ments of the contemporary dialogue and even identifies the still unrelent-
ing problem of liturgical anti-Judaism, but does not address it adequately
(“La questione della liturgia antigiudaica”, p. 156-163). He rightly states
Book Reviews / Buchrezensionen
The Orthodox liturgy of Good Friday, in terms of prayers [...] repre-
sents a concrete proof of the religious indoctrination of the anti-Jew-
ish content, legitimized over time by its inclusion in the liturgy and
its transmition to the
suitable to the new context to which
is made public, and the current issue of the Review of Ecumenical Research-
Jewish Christian Dialogue and the Orthodox Church offers such a reading.
The international conference in July 9-11, 2019, The Byzantine Liturgy and
the Jews, will host the most qualified researchers to look for nuanced an-
swers to the more intricate questions pertaining to the anti-Judaism of Or-
thodox liturgical texts and the more recent history of Eastern churches in
their nationalist and socialist context. The proceedings of this conference
California Press. Chazan R (1980) A Medieval Hebrew Polemical Mélange. Hebrew Union College Annual 51(*): 89-110. Cohen J (1982) The Friars and the Jews: The Evolution of Medieval Anti-Judaism . Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Cohen J (1987) The Mentality of the Medieval Jewish Apostate: Peter Alfonsi, Hermann of Cologne, and Pablo Christiani. In Endelman T (ed) Jewish Apostasy in the Modern World . New York: Holmes and Meier, pp. 20-47. Cohen MA (1964) Reflections on the Text and Context of the Disputation of Barcelona. Hebrew Union College Annual 35(*): 157