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, Abdullah SB, Hussain AB . Diabetes education and medication adjustment in Ramadan (DEAR) program prepares for self-management during fasting with tele-health support from pre-Ramadan to post-Ramadan. Ther Adv Endocrinol Metab 9(8): 231-40, 2018. 19. Bencharif M, Boudaoud C, Fenaghra A, Benabbas Y . Effect of pre-Ramadan education on dietary intake and anthropometry-comparison between two groups of diabetic patients. Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab 24(2): 295-307, 2017. 20. Malek R . Épidémiologie du diabète en Algérie : revue des données, analyse et perspectives. Médecine

References 1. Berker D, Koparal S, Iþik S, Paþaoðlu L, Aydin Y, Erol K, Delibaþi T, Güler S. Compatibility of different methods for the measurement of visceral fat in different body mass index strata. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2010;16(2):99-105. 2. Yu OK, Rhee YK, Park TS, Cha YS. Comparisons of obesity assessments in over-weight elementary students using anthropometry, BIA, CT and DEXA. Nutr Res Pract. 2010; 4(2):128-35. 3. Ghalli I, Salah N, Hussien F, Erfan M, El-Ruby M, Mazen I, Sabry M, Abd El-Razik M, Saad M, Hossney S, Ismaail and Abd El-Dayem S. Egyptian

. Nomani MZA . Dietary fat, blood cholesterol and uric acid levels during Ramadan fasting. InternationalJournal of Ramadan Fasting Research 1: 1-6, 1997. 32. Bencharif M, Fenaghra A, Boudaoud C, Hadji NEH, Benyaya H, Benabbas Y . Impact of Ramadan fasting on energy intake and anthropometry of type 2 diabetics-Study in two regions of the central highlands and southeastern Algeria. Journal of Fasting and Health 5: 31-37, 2017. 33. Khaled BM, Belbraouet S. Effect of Ramadan fasting on anthropometric parameters and food consumption in 276 type 2 diabetic obese women


Our research aims to identify the importance of anthropometry measurements and functional testing of two groups that practice sport different, the first group, the experimental group was formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 2.1 years, 13 boys and 12 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week physical education and other 2 hours a week basketball and volleyball optional courses; and the second group formed by 25 students (age 10 ± 1.8 years, 14 boys and 11 girls), that practiced 2 hours a week classic physical education.

The anthropometric tests included in the research were the measurement of height, weight, different length of superior and inferior segments, bust, spread of arms, biacromial diameter, bitrohanterian diameter and chest perimeter.

Results showed that children from the experimental group, that practiced more sports activities, developed more quickly and had better proportionality index then the sample group. Statistically significant differences were determined within the experimental group both in the initial and in the final tests (p<0.05), also significant differences were discovered between the experimental and the sample group in the final measurement (p<0.05).

Conclusions of this research showed that more physical activities can influence the development of children both in anthropometric way and in functional and health related.

Introduction Systematic sport training has been related to the development of certain physical attributes along with specific changes in the morphological characteristics of athletes ( Gabbett and Georgieff, 2007 ; Ross and Marfell-Jones, 1991 ). Although a complex group of different variables favours performance in a given sport, there are some attributes which seem to be common in the most successful athletes ( Leone et al., 2002 ). Over the past few years, research into the relationship between anthropometry and performance has increased ( Gabbett and

References Anderson MA. 1975. Use of height-arm circumference measurement for nutritional selectivity in Sri Lanka school feeding. Am J Clin Nutr 28:775-81. Basu D, Sun D, Banerjee I, Singh M, Kalita JG, Rao VR. 2010. Cross-sectional reference values of upper arm anthropometry of the Khasi tribal adolescents of Meghalaya, India. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:283-8. Bolzan A, Guimarey L, Frisancho AR. 1999. Study of growth in rural school children from Buenos Aires, Argentina using upper arm muscle area by height and other anthropometric dimensions of body composition

References Acevedo EO, Meyers MC, Hayman M, Haskin J. Applying physiological principles and assessment techniques to swimming the English Channel. A case study. J sport med phys fit. 1997, 37: 78-85. Ball SD, Altena TS, Swan PD. Comparison of anthropometry to DXA: a new prediction equation for men. Eur J Clin Nutr 2004, 58: 1525-1531. Ball SD, Swan P, Desimone R. Accuracy of anthropometry compared to dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. A new generalizable equation for women. Res Q Exercise Sport 2004, 75: 248-258. Becque MD, Katch VL, Moffatt RJ. Time course of

always supervised by one of the coaches (SS, RC or LF). In addition, a power meter for bike workouts was used and speed was controlled in high intensity run workouts. Statistical analysis A descriptive analysis based on means and standard deviation of height, body mass, BMI, triathlon training experience (years), VO 2max run (ml/kg/min) and VO 2max cycling (ml/kg/min) was performed. We adapted the concept of sigma convergence ( Barro and Sala-i-Martin, 2004 ) to the evolution of disparities in anthropometry and performance as a consequence of training, and, given the

References 1. Abdulrahman O.M., Mohammed A.R., Gazi A.M. (1994) Body composition of athletes in Bahrain. Br. J. Sports Med. , 28(3): 157-159. 2. Anza R., Denis M., Silva M.F. (2013) Analysis of Physical fitness, anthropometry and prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the youth volleyball category. Rev. Bras. Med. Esporte , 19(1): 62-65. 3. Bamaç B., Colak T., Ozbek A., Yenigün N., Colak S., Bamaç Y. (2003) Volumetric determination of medial epicondyle and lateral epicondyle of humerus in male and female volleyball players. Okajimas Folio Anat. Jpn. , 8: 63

, Lindsey R, Welk G. Concepts of physical fitness: active lifestyle for wellness. Boston (MA): Mcgraw Hill, 2000. Duncan MJ, Woodfield L, al-Nakeeb Y. Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of junior elite volleyball players. Br J Sports Med, 2006; 40(7): 649-651. Duthie GM, Pyne DB, Hopkins WG, Livingstone S, Hooper SL. Anthropometry profiles of elite rugby players: quantifying changes in lean mass. Br J Sports Med, 2006; 40(3): 202-207. Gil SM, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Selection of young soccer players in terms of anthropometric and physiological