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finest combination of tactical, technical, mental and physical characteristics ( Bangsbo, 1994 ). Consequently, it is important to understand the determinants of success in soccer, such as the physical performance and anthropometric characteristics required of players in specific positions. Soccer players are categorised into four groups: goalkeepers, defenders, midfielders and forwards. Therefore, players in the various positions have different position-specific physical performance and anthropometric characteristics required for success. For example, the midfielders

measurements of skinfolds thickness. Br. J. Nutr. 21:681-689. Fleck S. J. (1983) Body composition of elite American athletes. Amer. J. Sports Med. , 11 (6):398-403. Fry R. W., A. R. Morton (1991) Physiological and kinanthropometric attributes of elite flatwater kayakers. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. , 23(11): 1297-1301. Kaloupsis S., G. C. Bogdanis, E. Dimakopoulou, M. Maridaki (2008) Anthropometric characteristics and Somatotype of young Greek rowers. Biol. Sport , 25(1): 57-68. Malina R. M. (1994) Physical activity and training: effects on stature and the adolescent growth

, which should reflect the influence of training and suitable anthropometric characteristics ( Fields et al., 2017 ; Gaurav et al., 2010 ). Skills such as the block and spike require a high capacity to perform vertical jumps and are major determinants in volleyball games. Approximately 80% of game points are obtained when performing these skills ( Voigt and Vetter, 2003 ). Improving them requires regular training ( Ciccarone et al., 2007 ), which should be based on muscular strength and power exercises ( Buśko, 2009 ; Smith et al., 1992 ). Vertical jump performance is


In elderly people, anemia occurs with increasing frequency with each advancing decade and can be a harbinger of very serious health conditions, including gastrointestinal bleeding, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and cancer. Therefore, age-dependant changes in hematological parameters deserve special attention. Nonetheless, very few longitudinal studies of aging have focused on possible associations between basic anthropometric characteristics and hematological parameters in older people. Here, we present some evidence that body size can be associated with red blood cell count as well as some other selected hematological parameters in adults aged 45 to 70 years. Longitudinal data on anthropometric and hematological parameters have been obtained from physically healthy residents at the Regional Psychiatric Hospital for People with Mental Disorders in Cibórz, Lubuskie Province, Poland (142 individuals, including 68 men and 74 women). The residents who took psychoactive drugs were excluded from the study. To evaluate the studied relationships, three anthropometric traits were used and three dichotomous divisions of the study sample were made. The medians of body height, body weight, and body mass index at the age of 45 years were used to divide the sample into: shorter and taller, lighter and heavier, and slimmer and stouter individuals, respectively. Student’s t-test, Pearson’s correlation, and regression analysis were employed. The results of the present study suggest that the relationship between body size and red blood cell count is slightly more pronounced in men and its strength depends on age. However, the correlations between body size and red blood cell count proved to be weak in both sexes. With aging, the strength of the relation decreased gradually, which might have been caused by the aging-associated changes in the hematopoietic system, anemia, or was an artifact. Further studies are needed to elucidate the unclear association between body size and hematological parameters in older adults.


The study of elite basketball players’ anthropometric characteristics alongside those of body composition contributes significantly to their profiling as professional athletes and plays an important role in the selection process, as these characteristics can have a significant impact on performance. In the current study, 110 professional basketball players from a series of Spanish professional Leagues (ACB, LEB and EBA) and youth level National Teams (U20 and U18) had their anthropometric profiles measured and compared to determine differences between them. Furthermore, all 110 players were divided into three different categories according to their playing position: guards, forwards and centres. The results obtained show no significant differences between players in different competitions in weight, height and the sum of skinfolds. Nonetheless, there were several differences related to body fat content (13.03% in ACB players and 10.52% in the lower categories and National Teams). There were also several differences found between the different playing positions amongst all playing levels in body mass (79.56 ± 2.41, 91.04 ± 1.51 and 104.56 ± 1.73 kg), height (182.28 ± 0.96, 195.65 ± 1.00 and 204.08 ± 0.67 cm), skinfold distribution and perimeters. However, there were no significant differences in body fat content between the different playing positions. The conclusions obtained from this study provide a better understanding to basketball specialists regarding the selection process of players at the elite level, especially on the transition from youth elite programs to men’s elite leagues.

Universitatis. Series Physical Education and Sport. 11(1), 35-41. 4. ARRIAZA, E., C. RODRÍGUEZ, C. CARRASCO, C. MARDONES, L. NIEDMANN & A. LÓPEZ-FUENZALIDA, 2016. Anthropometric characteristics of elite rhythmic gymnasts. Int. J. Morphol. 34(1): 17-22. 5. AVILA-CARVALHO, L., P. KLENTROU, M. L. PALOMERO & E. LEBRE, 2012. Body composition profile of elite group rhythmic gymnasts. Science of Gymnastics Journal 4(1):21-32, 2012. 6. BALDARI, C. & L. GUIDETTI, 2001. VO2max, ventilatory and anaerobic thresholds in rhythmic gymnasts and young female dancers. Journal of Sports

References Clerke AM, Clerke JP, Adams RD. Effects of hand shape on maximal isometric grip strength and its reliability in teenagers. J Hand Ther, 2005; 18(1):19-29. Fool H. Influence of body composition, muscle strength, diet and physical activity on total body and forearm bone mass in Chinese adolescence girls. Br J nutr, 2007;98(6): 1281-1287 Gandhi Meenal, Koley Shyamal and J.S. Sandhu. Association between Anthropometric Characteristics and Physical Strength in School Going Children of Amritsar. Anthropologist, 2010; 12(1): 35-39. Grant S, Hasler T, Davies C

-Garcia R., Garatachea N., Nikolaidis P.T. (2015) Anthropometric characteristics and neuromuscular function in young judo athletes by sex, age and weight category. Sport Sci. Health, 11(1): 117-124. DOI: 10.1007/s11332-015-0218-0. 38. Torres-Luque G., Hernández-García R., Escobar-Moli­na R., Garatachea N., Nikolaidis P.T. (2016) Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Judo Athletes: An Up­date. Sports, 4(1): 20-27. DOI: 10.3390/sports4010020. 39. Wilmore J.H. (1974) Alterations in strength, body com­position, and anthropometric measurements consequent to a 10-week

, the aim of the present study was to investigate lower limb anthropometric and composition variables related to RE and running performance in a homogeneous group of high level European distance runners. It was hypothesized that relatively lighter and longer legs would be related to better RE at the speed of 14, 16 and 18 km·h −1 . The findings of this study could help explain a complex interaction between anthropometric characteristics, body composition and RE in high level running performance. Material and Methods Participants High level male European distance


The college student population is prone to irregular food intake and the excessive intake of carbohydrates and snacks. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships among anthropometric characteristics, dietary habits and nutritional knowledge in female students attending a healthcare college.

Our investigation enrolled 100 college students at the High Health School of Professional Studies in Belgrade, 19-30 years old, who underwent anthropometric measurements and an investigation by questionnaire of their nutritional knowledge as well as recorded a 7-day food diary. The results were interpreted in relation to their location of nutritional intake.

The majority of students showed good nutritional knowledge. Of the total population, 83% were of normal weight, 11% were overweight, and 5% were underweight. The average Body Mass Index values, as well as body fat percentage, were similar regardless of the type of eating location, but all overweight and obese students were recorded in the groups that ate in the student dining facility and that prepared food and ate by themselves. Students who ate with their families ate significantly fewer fats and proteins but significantly more carbohydrates compared to students in the other two groups. Higher fat intake and snack consumption are significantly related to an increased percentage of body fat. Fruit intake is inversely related to body fat percentage.

Despite the relatively low prevalence of overweight, obesity, and underweight in the investigated population, the given results indicate that students may benefit from health promotion activities, increased knowledge and improved eating habits. This is especially important considering that they are future health professionals.