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References Amon B., Boxberger J., Amon Th., Zaussinger A., Pollinger A. (1997). Use ofamobile emission measurement space emission rate determining environmental and climate-relevant gases from cattle (stable, solid manure storage and composting). Construction, Engineering and Environment in Agricultural Livestock. International meeting (in German). Christian-Albrechts- -University of Kiel, 3: 344-351. Blanes - Vidal V., Hansen M.N., Pedersen S., Rom H.B. (2008). Emissions of ammonia, methane and nitrous oxide from pig houses and slurry: Effects of rooting

References Aguerre M.J., Wattiaux M.A., Hunt T., Larget B.R. (2010). Effect of dietary crude protein on ammonia-Nemission measured by herd nitrogen mass balance inafreestall dairy barn managed under farm-like conditions. Animal, 4, 8: 1390-1400. Albright L.D., Timmons M.B. (1984). Behavior of dairy cattle in free stall housing. Trans. ASAE, 27: 1119-1126. Climatization of Animal Houses (1984). Report of Working Group. Scottish Farm Buildings Investigation Unit. Aberdeen, Scotland, 72. Groot Koerkamp P.W.G., Metz J.H.M., Uenk G.H., Phillips V.R., Holden M

References 1. Schlapbach, L. & Züttel, A. (2001). Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications. Nature. 414, 353-358. 2. Chellappa, A.S., Fischer, C.M. & Thomson, W.J. (2002). Ammonia decomposition kinetics over Ni-Pt/Al2O3 for PEM fuel cell applications. Appl. Catal. A. 227, 231-240. 3. Yin, S.F., Zhang, Q.H., Xu, B.Q., Zhu, W.X., Ng, Ch.F. & Au, Ch.T. (2004). Investigation on the catalysis of COx-free hydrogen generation from ammonia. J. Catal. 224, 384-396. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2004.03.008. 4. Yin, S.F., et al. (2004). A mini-review on ammonia

, Electrochemical disinfection and removal of ammonia nitrogen for the reclamation of wastewater treatment plant effluent, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 24(6): 5152–5158. Drira N., Piras A., Rosa A., Porcedda S., Dhaouadi H., 2016, Microalgae from domestic wastewater facility’s high rate algal pond: Lipids extraction, characterization and bio-diesel production, Bioresour. Technol, 206(1): 239–244. Du H., Li F., Yu Z., Feng C., Li W., 2016, Nitrification and denitrification in two-chamber microbial fuel cells for treatment of wastewater containing high concentrations of ammonia

References 1. Ament W., J.R. Huizenga, E. Kort, T.W. van der Mark, R.G. Grevink, G.J. Verkerke (1999) Respiratory ammonia output and blood ammonia concentration during incremental exercise. Int. J. Sports Med., 20(2): 71-77. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-971096. 2. Banister E.W., M.E. Allen, I.B. Mekjavic, A.K. Singh, B. Legge, B.J.C. Mutch (1997) The time course of ammonia and lactate accumulation in blood during bicycle exercise. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol., 51: 195-202. DOI: 10.1007/BF00455182. 3. Billat V.L., A. Demarle, J. Slawinski, M. Paiva, J.P. Koralsztein (2001

–2210. [in Polish]. 5. Marret, S. & du Chatelier, L. (1998). Recent advances in catalyst technology used in nitric acid production. The Fertiliser Society Proceedings No. 413. 6. Reference Document on Best Available Techniques for the Manufacture of Large Volume Inorganic Chemicals – Ammonia, Acids and Fertilisers, Chapter 3 Nitric Acid, European Commission Document (2007). 7. Perez-Ramirez, J., Kapteijn, F., Schoffel, K. & Moulijn, J.A. (2003). Formation and control of N 2 O in nitric acid production Where do we stand today ? Appl. Catal. B 44 117


In quantitative terms, sludge produced in the process of municipal wastewater treatment represents a small part of the total waste generated in municipal sources - its quantity represents only a few percent of the generated mass of municipal waste. However, the threats it brings, do not allow it to be neglected while designing the wastewater treatment process. At the same time, with increasing requirements regarding the quality of sewage discharged into the environment, there is an increase in the amount of sludge produced in wastewater treatment processes. In recent years, the share of thermal treatment of municipal sewage sludge has risen sharply - about 12 modern sludge incineration plants have been built and construction of new ones is considered. During more than a four-year operation of the sewage sludge incineration plant in the Combined Sewage Treatment Plant in Lodz (GOS) a large ammonia emission from the combustion process was observed. So, a decision was taken to examine this process. The paper presents results of ammonia emission from the combustion of sewage sludge from GOS as a function of temperature.


Nowadays, a good deal of research is focusing on the development of new analytical procedures for detection of hazardous agents, such as bacteria, harmful pollutants, toxic vapors, and many others. The majority of the research is aimed at developing new sensors and analytical equipment. This paper demonstrates a simple construction of an ammonia sensor based on commercially available electronic connectors with active elements from polyaniline. The main goal of this research is to present the simplicity of sensor manufacturing, without the need for advanced apparatus such as electropolymerization or electrospinning set-up. The active element of the proposed sensor is composed of polyaniline synthesized in situ on the surface of conductive glue. The layer of the conductive glue is a key element in this sensor as it protects the metallic pin against destruction during in situ synthesis of polyaniline (acidic and oxidizing conditions).

1 Introduction With the improvement of national emission regulations, the control of NO X emission is becoming more and more stringent, and the after-treatment technology of diesel engine is facing new challenges [ 1 , 2 ]. Only internal purification measures have not been to meet the new emission regulation requirements for NO X emission. Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst is one of the most promising technologies for controlling NOx emissions by using ammonia as an active intermediate for NOx reduction [ 3 ]. Based on the national condition, Urea

and sewage - Arkady, Warszawa: 71-91 (in Polish). Helfrich L.A, Libey G. 1991 - Fish Farming in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) - Virginia Cooperative Extension Service. Huff J.A. 1975 - Life history of Gulf of Mexico sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrhynchus desotoi , in the Suwannee River, Florida - Florida Department of Natural resources, Marine Resources Publication 16, St. Petersburg, Florida. Jatteau P. 1997 - Daily patterns of ammonia nitrogen output of Siberian sturgeon Acipenser baeri (Brandt) of different body weights - Aquac. Res. 28: 551-557. Jodun W