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–324. DINYA, L. 2009. Overview of the status of biomass-based energy production situation (study, MTA-Environmental Science Presidential Committee ‘Energy and Environment’ Subcommittee, Budapest, MTA, 2009. DINYA, L. – DOMÁN, SZ. – FODOR, M. – TAMUS, A-né. 2006. Residents’ opinion of alternative energy sources. vol. 40, 2006, no. 4, pp. 49–55. INDEX 25545 HU ISSN 1219-03-49. DOMÁN, SZ. – FODOR, M. – TAMUS, A-né. 2010. Changes in residents’ opinion of alternative energy sources. In Gazdálkodás, 2010, no. 1, pp. 92–97. ISSN 0046-5518. ENERGY SITE. 2012: http

). Use of liquid cattle manure as an alternative fuel for piston internal combustion engine of a power plant. Problems of intensification of animal production including environment protection and alternative energy production as well as biogas . Warsaw, ISBN 978-83-65426-35-2, 88-93. Mahla, S.K., Singla, V., Sandhu, S.S., Dhir, A. (2018). Studies on biogas-fuelled compression ignition engine under dual fuel mode. Environmental Science and Pollution Research , 25 , 9722-9729. Morozov, N.M. (2011). Organizacjonno-ekonomicheskije i tehnologicheskije osnovy

. 1309–8063. FOGARASSY, CS. – GÉMESI, ZS. – LUKÁCS, Á. 2009. Professional and training needs in the area of hybrid power system – Alternative energy conditions overview in Hungary to identify the vocational training priorities and information content levels. In Hungarian Agricultural Engineering, 2009, no. 22, p. 34. JOBBÁGY, P. – BAI, A. 2012. The effects of the global economic crisis on the markets for fossil and renewable fuels. In APSTRACT – Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, vol. 6, 2012, no. 3–4, pp. 131–136. KÓRIK, K. 2014. Gazdaság és fenntartható

., Westhoff P., Debnath D. 2019. Biofuels, food security, and sustainability. [in:] D. Debnath, S. Babu (eds.) Biofuels, Bioenergy and Food Security. Technology, Institutions and Policies. Academic Press: 211–229. Kaletnik G. 2018. Production and use of biofuels . Second edition, supplemented: textbook. Vinnytsia, LLC “Nilan-Ltd”, 336. Kaletnik H.M., Oliinichuk S.T., Skoruk O.P., Klymchuk O.V., Yatskovskyi V.I., Tokarchuk D.M. et.al. 2012. Alternative energy of Ukraine: peculiarities of functioning and prospects of development . Vinnytsia, Edelveis and K, 250. Kaletnik

. Journal of Cleaner Production 2011:19(13):1527-1535. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.03.019 [27] Oh T. H., Pang S. Y., Chua S. C. Energy policy and alternative energy in Malaysia: Issues and challenges for sustainable growth. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2010:14(4):1241-1252. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2009.12.003 [28] Chua S. C., Oh T. H. Green progress and prospect in Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2011:15(6):2850-2861. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.03.008 [29] Manan Z. A., Shiun L. J., Alwi S. R. W., Hashim H., Kannan K. S., Mokhtar N., Ismail A. Z

Abstract

The paper deals with the main problems of Russian energy system development that proves necessary to provide educational programs in the field of renewable and alternative energy. In the paper the process of curricula development and defining teaching techniques on the basis of expert opinion evaluation is defined, and the competence model for renewable and alternative energy processing master students is suggested. On the basis of a distributed questionnaire and in-depth interviews, the data for statistical analysis was obtained. On the basis of this data, an optimization of curricula structure was performed, and three models of a structure for optimizing teaching techniques were developed. The suggested educational program structure which was adopted by employers is presented in the paper. The findings include quantitatively estimated importance of systemic thinking and professional skills and knowledge as basic competences of a masters’ program graduate; statistically estimated necessity of practice-based learning approach; and optimization models for structuring curricula in renewable and alternative energy processing. These findings allow the establishment of a platform for the development of educational programs.

Does the Development of Alternative Energy Technologies Allow for New Forms of Coopetition?

The article at hand illustrates how new types of coopetition emerge in the transformation of large technical systems. It builds on the latest literature on coopetition and highlights diverse institutional arrangements for coopetition, their effects on the actual innovation and the potential benefits for the firms involved. In contrast to many incremental innovations, the transformation of large technical systems requires the cooperation of many diverse actors as various resources are needed. This does not only open up the opportunity of new private-private or public-private cooperations but also brings about various new forms of commonly performed practices.

separate facilities from solar energy / N.I. Stoyanov, A.I. Voronin, A.G. Stoyanov, A.V. Shagrov. – Stavropol: North-Caucasian Federal University, pp. 96. Stoyanov, N.I., 2014b. Potential assessment of integrated energy supply of separate facilities from the solar collector / N.I. Stoyanov, A.I. Voronin, A.G. Stoyanov, A.V. Shagrov // International Scientific Journal “Alternative Energy and Ecology,” Research and Development Center “TATA”, No.13 (153), pp. 12-16. Boguslavsky, E.I., 1994. Resources of geothermal energy within the territory of Russia and neighboring

Abstract

On average, there are about 60 kg of rubber in a passenger car, about 67% of which are tires, about 20% of all kinds body seals, doors and windows, suspension elements amount to 5%, the rest are other elements related to the engine (seals, hoses, wires, pads, etc.). Rubber waste is too valuable resource to direct to landfills. The vast majority of recovery of used tires in Poland (over 70%) is carried out by burning tires with energy recovery. Tires in the form of granulate, mixed with coal dust, are burn in some combined heat and power plants. The paper presents results of experimental studies of possible use for energy purposes, granules and pyrolysis oil the resulting from discarded car tires for increasing ecological and energy safety. Energy properties of granulates and pyrolysis oil were investigated and the shape and size of granulate particles were analyzed. For this purpose, digital image processing (CAMSIZER device) and calorimeter were used. It was found that the products of tire recycling decommissioned from exploitationare the high-energy material with good calorific value. Based on the results of experimental studies, application conditions of rubber waste for energy purposes was formulated.

Abstract

Hydropower plants in Poland currently use only 19% of the river’s energy potential. Development of hydropower is limited by environmental regulations as well as by economic grounds. From the environmental point of view, it is desirable to build small hydropower plants integrated into the local landscape. This paper presents results of the research aimed at estimating the amount of energy that could be produced in the case of small hydroelectric power plants on weirs existing on the Tyśmienica River. There is also a legal framework that should be adapted at hydropower development. It was calculated that the technical capacity of the small hydropower plants that could be built on 4 existing weirs, is 0.131 MW. These power plants could produce 786 MWh of electricity per year. The economic efficiency of this production is currently difficult to assess, because a new support system for renewable energy sources is currently being implemented, which will be a decisive factor for entrepreneurs. It should be borne in mind that potential investments will be made in protected areas within the Natura 2000 network, which may limit their constructing or impose the obligation to assess their impact on selected environmental elements. Location within the protective area does not eliminate such investments, especially when solutions with the least possible environmental impact are used.