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Application of Sentinel-2 and EnMAP new satellite data to the mapping of alpine vegetation of the Karkonosze Mountains

–2066. Campbell J., Wynne R., 2011, Introduction to remote sensing . New York: The Guilford Presss, pp. 317–360. Congalton R.G., 1991, A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data . “Remote Sensing of Environment” Vol. 37, pp. 35–46. Delegido J., Verrelst J., Alonso L., Moreno J., 2011, Evaluation of Sentinel-2 red-edge bands for empirical estimation of green LAI and chlorophyll content . “Sensor” Vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 7063–7081. Dirnböck T., Dullinger S., Gottfried M., Ginzler C., Grabherr G., 2003, Mapping alpine vegetation

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Changes in alpine vegetation over 50 years in the Western Tatras (Slovakia)

). Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde . Wien & New York: Springer Verlag. Cannone, N., Sgorbati, S. & Guglielmin M. (2007). Unexpected impacts of climate change on alpine vegetation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment , 5, 360–364. DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295(2007)5[360:UIOCCO]2.0.CO;2. Carbognani, M., Tomaselli, M. & Patraglia A. (2014). Current vegetation changes in an alpine late snowbed community in the south-eastern Alps (N-Italy). Alpine Botany , 124, 105–113. DOI: 10.1007/s00035-014-0135-x. De Witte, L.C. & Stöcklin J. (2010). Longevity of

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Salicetum shugnanicae – a new plant association from alpine mires in the Pamir Alai Mts in Tajikistan (Middle Asia)

. Dierschke H. (1994): Pflanzensoziologie. Izd. Ulmer, Stuttgart. Dirnböck T., Dullinger S. & Grabherr G. (2003): A regional impact assessment of climate and land-use change on alpine vegetation. - J. Biogeography 30: 401-417. Dúbravcová Z., Jarolímek L., Kliment J., Petr ík A., Šibík J. & Va lac ho vič M. (2005): Alpine heaths in the Western Carpathians - a new approach to their classification. - Annali di Botanica 5: 153-160. Fritsch R.M. & Friesen N. (2009): Allium oreotadzhikorum and Allium vallivanchense , two new

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Dwarf shrub vegetation of rock ledges and clefts in the Pamir Alai Mountains (Middle Asia: Tajikistan)

, V. G., 2002: Alpine vegetation of the Teberda Reserve, the Northwestern Caucasus. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes der ETH Stiftung, Rubel. Zürich. Ortiz, S., Rodriguez-Oubiňa, J., 1993: Synopsis of the rupicolous vegetation of Galicia (North-western Iberian Peninsula). Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 28, 15-49. Ovchinnikov, P. N., (ed.), 1975: Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR. Vol. IV, Rogolistnikovye - Rozotsvetnye. Izdatelstvo Nauka, Leningrad. Ovchinnikov, P. N., (ed.), 1981: Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR. Vol

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Syntaxonomic And Nomenclatural Notes On The Scree Vegetation Of Caucas Us

References Belonovskaya, E. A. 2012: Klassifikatsiya rastile’nykh gruppirovok na osypyakh v alpiiskom noyase Severnogo Kavkaza. (Classification of plant communities on screes in the alpine belt of the Northern Caucasus.) Izvestiya Samarskogo Nauchnogo Tsentra Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk 14: 967−970. (in Russian) Belonovskaya, E.A. & Korotkov, K.O. 2002: Raznoobrazi’e rastitel’nosti alpiiskogo poyasa Bol’shogo Kavkaza. (Alpine vegetation diversity on the Greater Caucasus.) Izvestiya Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, Seria geograficheskaya

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The Tall-Herb and Tall-Grass Plant Communities of the Class Mulgedio-Aconitetea in the Subalpine Belt of the Krivánska Malá Fatra MTS (Slovakia)

The Tall-Herb and Tall-Grass Plant Communities of the Class Mulgedio-Aconitetea in the Subalpine Belt of the Krivánska Malá Fatra MTS (Slovakia)

The following paper reports the results of phytosociological research of tall-herb and tall-herb plant communities within the class Mulgedio-Aconitetea in the subalpine belt of the Krivánska Malá Fatra Mts. The data set of 209 relevés was sampled and analysed using numerical classification and ordination. Major ecological gradients were interpreted using Ellenberg's indicator values and the Shannon-Wiener diversity index. Ten associations within five alliances were distinguished and characterised: Aconitetum firmi, Digitali ambiguae-Calamagrostietum arundinaceae, Helianthemo grandiflorae-Calamagrostietum arundinaceae, Potentillo aurei-Calamagrostietum arundinaceae, Allio victorialis-Calamagrostietum villosae, Festucetum carpaticae, Adenostylo alliariae-Athyrietum alpestris, Aconito firmi-Adenostyletum alliariae, Geranio robertiani-Delphinietum elati and Aconito firmi-Rumicetum alpini. Relationships between the floristic composition of the communities and environmental variables were analysed by canonical correspondence analysis.

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Mountain pastures of Qilian Shan: plant communities, grazing impact and degradation status (Gansu province, NW China)

Abstract

Environmental degradation of pasture areas in the Qilian Mountains (Gansu province, NW China) has increased in recent years. Soil erosion and loss of biodiversity caused by overgrazing is widespread. Changes in plant cover, however, have not been analysed so far. The aim of this paper is to identify plant communities and to detect grazing-induced changes in vegetation patterns. Quantitative and qualitative relevé data were collected for community classification and to analyse gradual changes in vegetation patterns along altitudinal and grazing gradients. Detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) was used to analyse variation in relationships between vegetation, environmental factors and differential grazing pressure. The results of the DCA showed apparent variation in plant communities along the grazing gradient. Two factors - altitude and exposure - had the strongest impact on plant community distribution. Comparing monitoring data for the most recent nine years, a trend of pasture deterioration, plant community successions and shift in dominant species becomes obvious. In order to increase grassland quality, sustainable pasture management strategies should be implemented.

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Subalpine vegetation in Giresun Mountains (Turkey)

. Springer-Verlag, Wien and New York. Cannone, N., Sgorbati, S., Guglielmin, M., 2007: Unexpected impacts of climate change on alpine vegetation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5, 360–364. Chytrý, M., Tichý, L., Holt, J., Botta-Dukát, Z., 2002: Determination of diagnostic species with statistical fidelity measures. Journal of Vegetation Science 13, 79–90. Currie, D. J., Mittelbach, G. G., Cornell, H. V., Field, R., Guégan, J. F., Hawkins, B. A., Kaufman, D. M., Kerr, J. T., Oberdorff, T., O’Brien, E., Turner, J. R. G., 2004: Predictions and

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Biodiversity and climate change: consequences for upper tree line in Slovakia

., 2004: Habitat distribution models, spatial autocorrelation, functional traits and dispersal capacity of alpine plant species. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15:77–84. Dirnböck, T., Dullinger, S., Grabherr, G. A., 2003: A regional impact assessment of climate and land-use change on alpine vegetation. Journal of Biogeography, 30:401–417. Gehrig, J. et al., 2007: Tree line shifts in the Swiss Alps: Climate change or land abandonment? Journal of Vegetation Science, 18:571–582. Holdridge, L. R., 1967: Life zone ecology. Tropical Science Center. San Jose

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Impacts of ski pistes preparation and ski tourism on vegetation

on alpine grassland bird communities. J. Appl. Ecol. 44(1), 210−219. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01253.x. Roux-Fouillet, P., Wipf, S. & Rixen Ch. (2011). Long-term impacts of ski piste management on alpine vegetation and soils. J. Appl. Ecol. , 48, 906–915. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.01964.x. Ruth-Balaganskaya, E. & Myllynen-Malinen K. (2000). Soil nutrient status and revegetation practices of downhill skiing areas in Finnish Lapland - a case study of Mt. Ylläs. Landsc. Urban Plann. , 50(4), 259–268. DOI: 10.1016/S0169

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