Ivan Struhár, Michal Kumstát and Dagmar Moc Králová
cardiopulmonary metabolic system with breath by breath technology (METALYZER®3B, CORTEX). Calibration of the gas analyser was performed before each test following manufacturer’s instructions.
Pain tolerance measurement
Algometry was used in quantifying local muscle pain and tenderness. Measurements contained findings of the pain threshold on calf muscles with a computerized pressure algometer (The AlgoMed from Medoc Company). It was tested on the dominant leg of each participant. Each participant was in a prone position with the support of the tibia. The researcher marked
Ana Muñoz, Aritz Saitua, Mireya Becero, Cristina Riber, Katy Satué, Antonia Sánchez de Medina, David Argüelles and Cristina Castejón-Riber
joint angles, Gulick tape to record the size of the injured area and algometry to establish the nociceptive mechanical threshold. These last techniques have enough repeatability when performed by the same clinician to monitor the evolution of patients through the rehabilitation plan ( 2 , 29 ).
In summary, the use of exercise on a WT with comprehensive control of the velocity and the depth of water should be taken into consideration in the design of a rehabilitation plan for a sport horse. It is mainly apt for subacute and chronic tendon and ligament injuries, and
Jarosław Muracki, Martyna Kumorek, Aleksandra Kisilewicz, Beata Pożarowszczyk, Dennis Boye Larsen, Adam Kawczyński and Shellie Boudreau
in pain assessment, which has not yet been used to assess pain reports in soccer players. There are also more technologically advanced ways of assessing injury or musculoskeletal pain disorders, such as ultrasound scans ( Hides and Stanton, 2017 ), magnetic resonance imaging ( Crema et al., 2016 ), multi‐channel surface electromyography ( De Mey et al., 2013 ), and pressure pain algometry ( Drew et al., 2016 ). However, drawbacks of these methods are that scales and questionnaires do not provide the complete view on pain localization and changes. In this study, the
Sepideh M. Moqadam, Parvind Grewal, Majid Shokoufi and Farid Golnaraghi
living tissues New York: New York Springer-Verlag 1993 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-2257-4
9  A. A. Fischer, "Pressure algometry over normal muscles. Standard values, validity and reproducibility of pressure threshold," Pain, vol. 30, pp. 115–126, 1987. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3959(87)90089-3 10.1016/0304-3959(87)90089-3
Fischer A. A. "Pressure algometry over normal muscles. Standard values, validity and reproducibility of pressure threshold," Pain vol. 30 115 – 126 1987 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3959(87)90089-3