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References ADGER,W.N. VINCENT, K. (2005): Uncertainty in adaptive capacity. 337 (4): 399-410. BERKES F. - COLDING, J. - FOLKE, C. (eds.) (2002): Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK BOCK, W. J. (1980): The definition and recognition of biological adaptation. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 20 (1): 217-227. BROOKS, N. (2003): Vulnerability, Risk and Adaptation: A Conceptual Framework. Working Paper 38, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Eat Anglia

, Schrumpfung, Demographischer Wandel) betrachtet werden können. Die folgenden vier Thesen bestimmen dabei die Diskussion: Es gibt einen Bedarf für Anpassungsstrategien an den Klimawandel auf regionaler Ebene. Regionale Anpassungsstrategien tragen zur Erhöhung der „Adaptive Capacity“ auf regionaler und lokaler Ebene bei. Der Raumplanung kommt bei der Anpassung an den Klimawandel eine bedeutende Rolle zu. Zur Entwicklung regionaler Anpassungsstrategien ist der Steuerungsansatz der strategischen Planung besonders geeignet. 1 Bedarf regionaler Anpassungsstrategien Weltweit


In a series of studies on the adaptation processes of the main body systems of highly skilled male and female athletes in the range of 16-46 years old using immunological biochemical, hematological, eographical, spirometric, gasometric, anthropometric and ergometric methods and load testing established the physiological patterns of formation of involutive-age-related changes in the functional state of athletes of the second adult age. In the age range of 37-46 years old relative to the range of 16-36 years old: changes in the morphometric parameters of the physical status are determined, causing a decrease in the integrated bioenergy indicators; the intensive formation of metabolic factors of fatigue was established at a low-intensity threshold mode of work – aerobic-anaerobic; high intensity of non-specific adaptation processes is shown; revealed features of urgent responses of the main adaptation systems (hormone-metabolic, autonomic nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory) at the level of threshold operation modes. Highly qualified female athletes of 37-45 years old have an anovulatory character of the menstrual cycle, during which chronobiological mechanisms of adaptation processes are studied and systematized, consisting in the features of regulatory nervous effects on heart rate, hemodynamic and ventilatory functions. The revealed changes in adaptation processes in athletes of the second adult age can be used as the basis of the analytical base for predicting the functionality of elite and professional athletes of late periods of ontogenesis.


While extensively employed in the mainstream literature focused on earth system science and sustainable development, the concepts of resilience, vulnerability and adaptation are still difficult to operationalize given the different conceptual frameworks proposed in various scientific fields, such as ecology, disaster reduction and global change. Although multiple points of view are, to a certain degree, beneficial to an in-depth understanding of the dynamics of the coupled human-environmental systems, there is a need to correlate the theoretical frameworks of the two sustainability pillars, resilience and vulnerability, in a coherent and efficient manner.


Seit Veröffentlichung der „Deutschen Anpassungsstrategie an den Klimawandel“ herrscht wissenschaftlicher und planungspolitischer Konsens darüber, dass die Regionalplanung zur Implementation von Klimaanpassungsinhalten befähigt ist. Inwieweit die formelle Regionalplanung diese Befähigung gegenwärtig umsetzt, ist zentraler Untersuchungsgegenstand dieses Artikels. Die Analyse ist eine Vollerhebung für die Regionalplanungsgebiete Deutschlands. Deren Regionalpläne werden auf Vorhandensein und Verbindlichkeit von klimaanpassungsrelevanten Festlegungen untersucht. Das „Handlungskonzept der Raumordnung zu Vermeidungs-, Minderungs- und Anpassungsstrategien im Hinblick auf die räumlichen Konsequenzen des Klimawandels“ der Ministerkonferenz für Raumordnung und seine sieben klimaanpassungsbezogenen Handlungsfelder dienen als Analysegrundlage. Im Ergebnis wird der Stand der Implementation von klimaanpassungsrelevanten Regionalplaninhalten dargestellt – sowohl für jedes Handlungsfeld als auch handlungsfeldübergreifend. Zudem werden die Ergebnisse reflektiert und weitere Anpassungspotenziale aufgezeigt.

social risks being used later, especially in social geography works, as a concequence of the transition to a post-industrial society. In geographical research, social risks are associated mainly to natural hazards, and understanding the concept is highly connected to some key-concepts: vulnerability, impact, hazard, adaptive capacity. The terms used in the social risks study correspond to the UNISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) definitions and to some EU Directives and specialist international commissions ( Table 3 ). Table 3 Key

of decision making beyond state-centered hierarchical forms of government. This paper does not address urban and regional development in response to crises in the form of natural disasters and hazards. Rather, the concern is perceived forms of vulnerability and crisis related to normative perceptions and considerations of desirable and undesirable social and economic conditions. If we conceptualise resilience as a systemic 'adaptive capacity' to cope with crisis situations, we have to link this to processes of and (institutional) frameworks for decision making

Einflussfaktor sozioökonomischen und institutionellen Wandels Dolata U. Werle R. Gesellschaft und die Macht der Technik. Sozioökonomischer und institutioneller Wandel durch Technisierung Frankfurt am Main, New York 15–43 Eriksen, S. (2004): Building adaptive capacity in a 'glocal' world. Examples from Europe and Africa. In: ESS Bulletin 2, 2, 18–26. Eriksen S. 2004 Building adaptive capacity in a 'glocal' world. Examples from Europe and Africa ESS Bulletin 2 2 18 26 Evers, A.; Nowotny, H. (1987): Über den Umgang mit Unsicherheit. Die Entdeckung der Gestaltbarkeit von

Is Houston Turning Green?

Houston metropolitan area is ranking now the 6th largest in the US, with a growth of 1 million people in 8 years. Despite its success story, Houston suffers from a long-standing environmental bad press. The city is well known for its lack of zoning. However, Houston officials display considerable efforts to "green" their city and improve its reputation. This new policy orientation raises interesting research questions about its effective adaptive capacity to the emerging pattern of sustainable development. This paper aims at assessing the strength and weaknesses of Houston metro area in the framework of the requirements of sustainable development.


Starting from the theoretical assumptions regarding the fact that the sustained physical effort had repercussions on the mental dimensions and starting from the findings that I came across in practice regarding the fact that the mental state of the athletes varied in time during an endurance test, the aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of stress caused by sustained physical effort specific to endurance tests on the psychological dimensions – in the case of former athletes. The attaining of the set goal was observed through a small scale experimental study case (two subjects of different age). They were involved in an endeavour for establishing a record for sailing the Danube in recreational kayaks provided with space for luggage; random accommodation. During that expedition, a series of mental characteristics of the participants were measured: emotional stability, anxiety level and degree of optimism. The research pointed out the different adaptive capacity of each individual, regardless of age, experience and personality.