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Judicial Activism In Nigeria: Delineating The Extend Of Legislative-judicial Engagement In Law Making Ibrahim Imam1 Faculty of Law University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria email: IMAM, Ibrahim. Judicial Activism In Nigeria: Delineating Th e Extend Of Legis- lative-judicial Engagement In Law Making. International and Comparative Law Review, 2015, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 109–127. DOI: 10.1515/iclr-2016-0030. I. Introduction Th e power of government and its limitations by the Constitution has been a diffi cult question in any democracy around

References Ambrasienė, Dangutė, and Solveiga Cirtautienė. "Teismo precedent reikšmė Lietuvos teismų praktikoje (The Role of Judicial Precedent in the Court Practice of Lithuania)." Jurisprudencija 2 (116) (2009): 61-78. Berkmanas, Tomas. "Teismo aktyvumo kuriant ir aiškinant teisę plėtros tencencija, motyvai ir problemos (Tendency, Motives and Issues of the Expansion of Judicial Activism in the Creation and Interpretation of Law)." Teisės problemos 2 (44) (2004): 30-47. Dyzenhaus, David. Legality and Legitimacy: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen and Hermann Heller


The study deals with the activism of young Slovak people on the field of ecology and conservation of Slovak nature. As an example of this kind of activism Wolf - Forest Protection Movement was selected because it is the most active and most successful environmental organization in Slovakia. The main objective of this case study is to describe and analyse organisational structure and activities of Wolf on the background of wider general and theoretical framework what enables to classify this organisation in wide spectrum of youth activism, especially youth environmental activism in Slovakia. Apart from theoretical approach, organisational structure and broad range of activities of Wolf the study presents also political and civic attitudes of its young members, financing of the organisation and attractiveness of Wolf to young people in Slovakia.


This case study discusses a youth branch of Matica slovenská, a pro-Slovak culture organization. It is based on in-depth research of the structure of the organization and it focuses on basic characteristics of functioning of this social movement such as funding, membership base, political orientation, civic engagement, patriotic activities and also the causes of negative media presentation. Presented material pointed to a thin boundary between the perception of positive manifestations of patriotism and at the same time negative (even extremist) connotations of such manifestations in Slovak society. This duplicate perception of patriotic activities is reflected not only in polarization of opinion in society but also on the level of political, media and public communication. Thus, the article is a small probe from the scene of youth activism with an ambition to point out to such a diverse perception of patriotic organizations/activities in present-day Slovak society.


The abstract nature of Constitutional principles, such as the social state principle, requires further interpretation to determine their concrete substance. Their realization is primarily the duty of politics and the legislator. Yet the Constitutional Courts can substantially contribute to developing the contents and nature of social state principles. This paper attempts to show, through examples from Slovenian judicature, how Constitutional Courts can, with the use of (limited) judicial activism, form and shape social politics and their main principles. The Slovenian Constitutional Court is usually relatively restrained in its interpretations of the social state principles respecting the primary authority of the legislator in regulating the area. On the other hand, we cannot ignore the important role the Constitutional Court and its judicature play in developing the substance of social state principles. This is usually done by means of dynamic and evolutionary interpretations. After analysing the judicature,we can conclude that some of the interconnected social state principals developed by the Court, which play a vital role in understanding the essence of a social state and social rights it provides, are: social balance, social security, social justice, solidarity, a minimum protection of existence, prevention of social exclusion, proving the important contribution of Constitutional Courts to the understanding of the concept of social state principals.


Arts can provide an alternative to violence and the opportunity to give a voice to the oppressed. Music, arts and theatre can become acts of defiance, a form of resistance, or a simple bridge of reconciliation. Creativity in arts give the community the opportunity to exceed certain boundaries and urges the individuals to see the potential in them and in the whole world. We will analize, therefore, the relations between theatre and war, trying to analize contemporary examples of global conflict zones: theatrical protests against war, performances by refugees and the impact of these in education. Using theatre as a form of awareness of human rights, we are not educating only the audience – we also lead to public awareness, empathy and people-to-people relationships. The vision of a theatre that connects thoughts, feelings and actions represents a powerfull symbol of a democratic society. Theatre, as the most public of art forms, embracing the other arts under it’s hat, can become a form of remodeling a society, using our imagination.


). The responses were not merely symbolic: An Independent ( Merrill 2015 ) news story the day after Kurdi’s death reported how relief and solidarity organisations experienced a surge in donations and citizens offering help. In recent years, studies of activism and political participation have seen growing interest in the relationship between photographs and activism (e.g. Biggs 2005 ; Martin 2005 ; Arpan et al. 2006 ; Gray & Martin 2008 ; Greer & McLaughlin 2010 ; Halfmann & Young 2010 ; Corrigall-Brown & Wilkes 2012 ; Olesen 2013 , 2017 ; Doerr et al. 2013

:// 14. Agarin, T. Introduction to the special issue: Citizens’ participation in post-communist Europe, Communist and Post-communist studies , 2016, Vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 201‒206. 15. Bitušikova, A. Urban Activism in Central and Eastern Europe: A Theoretical Framework, Slovak Ethnology , 2015, pp. 326–338. 16. Polanska, V. Going against institutionalization: New forms of urban activism in Poland. Journal of Urban affairs , 2018, pp. 176–187.

accountable for their unhealthy impact on our lives. The means they use to broadcast their messages out to the world and the modes they use to moti- vate popular support behind their causes, however, have changed. Young people’s personal use of social media like blogs, networks and online platforms allows for collective action. This generation moves seamlessly between being socially and culturally active to being politically and civically Participatory Culture: From Co-Creating Brand Meaning to Changing the World Henry Jenkins keywords Fan Communities, Activism

[#getit], #mörkertalet [#theunreported], #BoardtheBus, #StopStreetHarassment, #IamJada, #Sayhername, and #EverydaySexism – have worked towards creating counter narratives, making it possible to speak about sexual violence in new ways ( Karlsson, 2019 ; Lokot, 2018 ; Peuchaud, 2014 ; Powell, 2015 ). However, few campaigns have reached the global impact of the #metoo hashtag ( Mendes et al., 2018 ). The #metoo movement was originally an online phenomenon, an example of so-called hashtag activism. However, the attention paid by legacy media probably had a large impact