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References 1. Ashbee H.R., Evans E.G.V., Viviami M.A., Dupont E., Chryssanthou E., Surmont I., Tomsikova A., Vachkov P., Ener B., Zala J., Tintelnot K.: Histoplasmosis in Europe: Report on an epidemiological survey from the European Confederation of Medical Mycology Working Group. Med Mycol 2008, 46, 55-65. 2. Bosert G., Losson B., Mainil J.G., Tiry E., Saegerman G.: Zoonoses in pet birds: review and perspectives. Vet Res 2013, 44, 36-53. 3. Capua I., Aleksander D.J.: Human health implications of avian influenza viruses and paramyxoviruses. Eur J Clin Microbiol

References 1. Zoonoses and veterinary public health (VPH). World Health Organization Web site. http://www.who.int/zoonoses/en/. Accessed July 25, 2012. 2. Zoonotic diseases. European Food Safety Authority. Web site http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/zoonoticdiseases.htm. Accesssed July 25, 2012. 3. Woolhouse ME, Gowtage SS. Host range and emerging and reemerging pathogens. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11(12):1842-47. 4. Smith TC, Harper AL, Nair R, et al. Emerging Swine Zoonoses. Vector borne Zoonotic Dis. 2011;11(9):1225-34. 5. United States Department of

References 1. Abdi J., Darabi M., Sayehmiri K.: Epidemiological situation of toxocariasis in Iran: meta-analysis and systematic review. Pak J Biol Sci 2012, 15, 1052–1055. 2. Al-Sabi M.N., Kapel C.M., Johansson A., Espersen M.C., Koch J., Willesen J.L.: A coprological investigation of gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary parasites in hunting dogs in Denmark. Vet Parasitol 2013, 196, 366–372. 3. Baxter D., Leck I.: The deleterious effects of dogs on human health. 2. Canine zoonoses. J Public Health 1984, 6, 185–197. 4. Becker A.C., Rohen M., Epe C., Schnieder T

fauna of shrews (Sorex spp.) in Lithuania. Acta Zool. Litu., 16: 241 - 244. DOI:10.1080/13921657.2006.10512738 BJELIĆ-ČABRILO, O., POPOVIĆ, E., ŠIMIĆ, S., KOSTIĆ, D. (2009): Nematofauna of bank vole-Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreber, 1780)-Mt Fruška gora (Serbia). Arch. Biol. Sci., 61: 555 - 561 BJELIĆ-ČABRILO, O., KOSTIĆ, D., POPOVIĆ, E., ĆIRKOVIĆ, M., ALEKSIĆ, N., LUJIĆ, J. (2011): Helminth fauna of the bank vole Myodes glareolus (Rodentia, Arvicolinae) on the territory of Fruska Gora Mountain (Serbia) - A potential source of zoonoses. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 17 (6

Introduction In South-east Asia (SEA) the traditional wet markets that sell fresh and cooked products for human consumption are an important part of daily life. Stalls are enclosed in permanent roofed structures that provide a stable habitat – i.e. food is available all year – for the successful survival and reproduction of commensal rodents. The study of possible rodent-borne zoonoses is of interest as it has been reported previously that in the same study sites ( Ribas, et al ., 2016 ) rodents are carriers and potential transmitters of Salmonella to humans

References World Health Organization. Veterinary public health (VPH). Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/zoonoses/vph/en/ Council of Europe. Council Directive 92/117/EEC Concerning measures for protection against specified zoonoses and specified zoonotic agents in animals and products of animal origin in order to prevent outbreaks of food-borne infections and intoxications. Available from: URL: http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:31992L0117:EN:NOT World Health Organization. Report of the WHO/FAO/OIE joint consultation on emerging

Abstract

Effective country-wide preventive, control and eradication programmes require full knowledge of specific epizootiological situation. A description is given of a three-year international programme aimed at control of animal glanders, tuberculosis and brucellosis that was carried out simultaneously in all 16 Mongolian provinces by expeditions of veterinary staff of five countries. The objective was to discover all domestic animal herds affected by these infections transmissible to humans and to initiate particular control programmes. A total of 37, 608, 253 specific tests were carried out. Ratios of the investigations to population average (I/P) were as follows: tests for glanders in horses 2.43 and in camels 0.53; tests for brucellosis in cattle 1.42, in camels 0.69, in sheep 1.53, and in goats 1.37; tests for tuberculosis in cattle 1.53. The following results of testing were obtained: for glanders, from 5,046,070 allergic tests in horses 241,157 were positive, i.e. 4.78 %; from 332,684 allergic tests in camels 380 were positive, i.e. 0.11 %; from 126,960 serological tests in horses 24,760 were positive, i.e. 19.50 %. Results of serological testing for brucellosis, from 2,892,658 tests in cattle 192,601 were positive, i.e. 6.66 %, from 432,919 tests in camels 9,987 were positive, i.e. 2.31 %, from 19,533,637 tests in sheep 320,709 were positive, i.e. 1.64 % and from 5,834,450 tests in goats 136,222 were positive, i.e. 2.33 %. From 677,402 allergic tests for tuberculosis in cattle in two provinces 427 were positive, i.e. 0.06 %. This programme required an estimated 120,000 expedition person-working days and about twice as many assisting person-working days. Apart from local effects during these expeditions, the results created a basis for national long-term follow-up and preventive, control and eradication measures for these diseases.

References Nikolovski B. Epidemiology. [In Macedonian]. Napredok, Tetovo, 2003. Sokolovski B, Nikolovski B. Zoonoses. [In Macedonian]. Napredok, Tetovo, 1999. Corbel MJ et al. Brucellosis in humans and animals. WHO, 2006, Geneva. Sokolovski B, Nikolovski B. Brucellosis. [In Macedonian]. Nova kniga, Skopje, 1992. Institute of Public Health, Skopje. Yearly Reports on communicable diseases in R. Macedonia 1980-2008. Institute of Public Health, Skopje, 2009. Nikolovski B. 25 years of brucellosis in the Republic of Macedonia. Third Macedonian Congress of Preventive

and Parasites. Facts and Myths. Parasitology Research Monographs 5, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 187 pp. 37. Mühldorfer, K., 2013: Bats and bacterial pathogens: a review. Zoonoses and Public Health , 60 (1), 93—103. DOI: 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01536.x. 38. Nokireki, T., Tammiranta, N., Kokkonen, U. M., Kantala, T., Gadd, T., 2018: Tentative novel lyssavirus in a bat in Fin-land. Transbound. Emerg. Dis. , 65 (3), 593—596. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12833 . 39. Omatsu, T., Watanabe, S., Akashi, H., Yoshikawa, Y., 2007: Biological characters of bats in

has excellent discussion and color images, and Appendix X has a comprehensive list of zoonoses-diseases transmitted from animals to man. Accessed 23 Sept 2009. 5. MRSA-can be transmitted repeatedly between pet cats and their handlers-especially the USA300 clone. Recent review of “Bite-related and septic syndromes caused by cats and dogs” by Oehler RL, Velez AP, Mizrachi M, LaMarche J, Gompf S. (Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2009; 9:439-47). 6. Q fever (Coxiella burnetii). Available at www.cdc.gov/healthypets/diseases/qfever.htm. Accessed 23 Sept 2009. 7. Also see