This paper presents some aspects of the process of services, products and manufacturing transfer, with the associated production resources, from other locations and plants to Poland.
The study was carried out on the basis of an analysis of publications about delocalization as well as by means of desk research, where there were used the accessible primary and secondary data such as branch reports, statistical data available in reports, data bases, and information accessible on Polish and European websites. The article is also the result of the author's experience of participation in the relocation of a number of international companies, regarding various industries. Delocalization in Poland was presented both from the point of view of Conceptualizing delocalization (literature review, theoretical position) and Implementation of production.
The delocalization mainly takes advantage of labor forces. On the other hand, it may also concern innovative activities and develop high-tech for regions affected by economic restructuring. The social policies for the risk mitigation of the delocalization of production are also being developed and implemented. This work clarifying the conditions of delocalization in Poland and highlight the important roles played by innovation and institutions for achieving sustainability.
Thierry Côme, Petia Gueorguieva, Radovan Gura and Gilles Rouet
Objective: This contribution attempts to highlight the convergences and divergences of the strategies and modes of governance put in place in the current context of European universities (knowledge economy, budget restrictions, changing demand of students and employers).
Methodology: A study of three universities from three different countries, two public and one private, is proposed from the analysis of the internal official documents (strategic projects) of the structures and interviews with the leaders.
Findings: Elements of convergences and divergences are highlighted, which makes it possible to make hypotheses to verify in other researches.
Value Added: The approach is exploratory and complementary to the analyses in terms of the structure and strategy model of higher education institutions
Recommendations: The implementation of the Bologna Process is still often instrumentalized or rejected (defence of local specificities or fears of excessive standardization), but the current evolution of constraints and environments seems to go far beyond this non-normative project. It should therefore be considered as an opportunity for a positive and effective response to the present stakes.
Due to an ageing population, local governments are facing new challenges in the field of addressing the housing needs of older people. Seniors are not a homogeneous group; three basic categories may be distinguished in terms of independence level and the resulting needs. The first category would include independent people, the second one - the elderly with limited independence, and in this case it is necessary to adapt their dwellings to the needs of people with partial disabilities, e.g. dedicated housing. The last category is comprised of people with considerable dependence for whom there is a need to create special dwellings such as sheltered housing or assisted living housing. The aim of this paper is to diagnose the housing preferences of the elderly and to explore the solutions of the selected municipalities in the field of addressing the housing needs of seniors. The issue is analyzed based on desk research and information collected within field research in the Warsaw, Poznań and Szczecin urban areas.
The paper focuses on studying the external-rotor synchronous reluctance motor. The analysis is performed to estimate the influence of the number of stator slots and non-magnetic areas in the rotor (i.e., flux barriers) on the electromagnetic torque and torque ripple of the studied motor. It is concluded that the increase in the number of stator slots Z = 6 to Z = 18 causes an approximately twofold decrease in the ripple factor, but torque increases by 5 %. Electromagnetic torque will be increased approximately by 24 %, if non-magnetic flux barriers are created in the rotor of the studied synchronous reluctance motor.
Jolanta Raczuk, Emilia Dziuban and Elżbieta Biardzka
Well and piped water quality was examined out in the area of the Platerow Commune in 2008. The study examined water from 18 household wells used as a source of water for consumption and household purposes, and piped water which is abstracted from two deep wells in Platerow. Water samples for testing were taken five times. The concentrations of physical and chemical parameters such as NO3- , PO43- , Cl-, Ca2+, Mg2+, total hardness and pH, EC were determined. Health risk due to the presence of NO3- ions in drinking water consumed by people was estimated in this paper. The Platerow Commune population consuming piped water abstracted from the well located in Platerow take in nitrates in the amounts which are within the low limit of safety margin (ADI : EDI = 6.76) although their concentration in water does not exceed the standard level. People drinking water from 78% examined wells ingest excess quantities of nitrates (safety margin <1), which, in the case of long-term exposure, can be harmful particularly for infants and pregnant women. Statistical analysis revealed negative correlation of nitrate concentration in well water with well depth and water pH, which indicates that there was an influx of NO3- ions to shallow groundwater.
Rade Iljaz, Matic Meglič, Davorina Petek, Marko Kolšek and Tonka Poplas Susič
Background: Information and communication technology (ICT) and paperless practices have been shown to improve “existing processes in the workplace” “as well as being an important component of modern primary healthcare”. The aim of our study was to analyse the attitudes of health-care professionals and patients with regard to paperless practice and the most frequently used information and communication technology tools in Slovenian primary healthcare.
Methods and participants: Qualitative methodology using focus groups of 22 primary care physicians, 14 nurses and 18 patients.
Results: The areas recognised by all participants as important for further information and communication technology development were: computer-supported decision making, accessibility and completeness of personal e-health data, emergency cases, support for chronic disease management, ICT related time savings, e-prescriptions and e-discharge letters. The most important identified barriers impeding the use of ICT were: the heavy workload of primary care physicians and nurses, health insurance reimbursement rules and duplication of work using both paper and electronic health records.
Conclusions: This study highlighted a number of strengths of ICT use in primary care as well as numerous areas where changes in procedures and improvement of ICT tools to support them are needed.
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